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          <rev user="RCouture" timestamp="2019-10-07T13:27:16Z" comment="" contentformat="text/x-wiki" contentmodel="wikitext" xml:space="preserve">{| class=&quot;toc&quot; cellpadding=&quot;10&quot; width=&quot;100%&quot;
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|[[Image:Header.gif|Seven Years War]]||[[States]]&lt;br/&gt;[[Armies]]&lt;br/&gt;[[Navies]]&lt;br/&gt;[[Personalities]]
||[[Campaigns]]&lt;br/&gt;[[Battles|Battles and Encounters]]&lt;br/&gt;[[Sieges]]&lt;br/&gt;[[Treaties]]
||[[Links]]&lt;br/&gt;
[[EBooks|eBooks]]&lt;br/&gt;
Brought to you by &lt;big&gt;'''[http://www.kronoskaf.com/ Kronoskaf]'''&lt;/big&gt;&lt;br/&gt;
the '''Virtual Time Machine'''
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!&lt;big&gt;Sponsored Advertising&lt;/big&gt;
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|style=&quot;padding:5px;&quot;|{{Marco Pagan Book2}}
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{| class=&quot;toc&quot; width=&quot;100%&quot; style=&quot;background-color:#cef2e0&quot;
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!&lt;big&gt;The Seven Years War in a few words&lt;/big&gt;
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|style=&quot;padding:5px;&quot;|[[Image:Frederick II.jpg|right|thumb|Frederick II of Prussia in 1763 - Source: Wikimedia Commons]]
More than 250 years ago, in 1756, the major powers of Europe became entangled in a conflict now known as the '''Seven Years War''' that was to last until 1763. It involved all the major powers of Europe, with [[Austria]], [[France]], [[Russia]], [[Saxony]], [[Sweden]], and later [[Spain]] siding against the alliance of [[Great Britain]], [[Hanover]], [[Prussia]], and later [[Portugal]].

The war had in fact started in 1754 in North America and India where France and Great Britain were struggling for colonial supremacy. In Europe, [[Maria Theresa]] of Austria had undertaken intense diplomatic efforts to forge an alliance against Prussia with the goal of wresting the lost province of Silesia from the Prussian grasp. 

[[Frederick II]] of Prussia [[1756 - Prussian invasion of Saxony|invaded Saxony]] in 1756 and [[1757 - Prussian invasion of Bohemia|Bohemia]] in 1757. However, he had to retire from Bohemia after the defeat of [[1757-06-18 - Battle of Kolin|Kolin]]. Prussians were now on the defensive against Austrians in [[1757 - Austrian invasion of Silesia|Silesia]], Franco-Imperials in [[1757 - Franco-Imperial invasion of Saxony|Saxony]] and Russians in [[1757 - Russian campaign in East Prussia|East Prussia]]. Frederick II saved Prussia by two brilliant victories at [[1757-11-05 - Battle of Rossbach|Rossbach]] and [[1757-12-05 - Battle of Leuthen|Leuthen]]. Meanwhile France had successfully invaded [[1757 - French invasion of Hanover|Hanover]] but was soon pushed back to the Rhine.

In North America, the first years of the conflict turned to the advantage of France. In Asia, [[1757 - British campaign in Bengal|Bengal]] was virtually under British rule by the end of 1757.

From 1758 through 1761, Prussia managed to repel its enemies on all fronts. In 1762, it was on the verge of being defeated when the [[Elizabeth Petrovna|Tsarina Elizabeth]] died leaving the throne to [[Peter III]], who held Frederick II in high esteem. Consequently, the new Tsar sided with Prussia.

Meanwhile, year after year, the struggle between France and the Anglo-Hanoverians in Western Germany remained inconclusive. By the end of each campaign the belligerents were basically back to their initial positions.

In America, Africa and Asia, the tide turned in 1758. Great Britain had successfully conquered [[1758 - British expedition against Fort Louis in Senegal|Senegal]] (1758), [[1759 - British expedition against Martinique and Guadeloupe|Guadeloupe]] (1759), [[1759 - British expedition against Quebec|Canada]] (1759-60), [[1761 - British expedition against Dominica|Dominica]] (1761), [[1762 - British expedition against Martinique|Martinique]] (1762) and [[1762 - British expedition against Cuba|Cuba]] (1762). 

In 1762, a new front opened in the Iberian Peninsula where a Franco-Spanish army vainly attempted the [[1762 - Spanish campaign in Portugal|conquest of Portugal]].

Early in 1763, all belligerents made peace, leaving the political map of Europe almost unchanged. However, Great Britain had eliminated its most important competitor for world domination, and Prussia had survived the war, a feat all by itself... '''[[Seven Years War|(more...)]]'''
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{| class=&quot;toc&quot; width=&quot;100%&quot; style=&quot;background-color:#cedff2&quot;
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!&lt;big&gt;[http://www.kronoskaf.com/donate.htm Project SYW - Annual funding campaign]&lt;/big&gt;
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|style=&quot;padding:5px;&quot;|[[Image:Progressbar 2019.png|right]]&lt;big&gt;As usual at this time of the year, we are launching our annual funding campaign. We are still far from our target.

If all regular readers gave only 10 $CAD at their next visit, it would take two days to complete our campaign.

If you appreciate the more than 2,600 articles and 4,400 images freely available, please consider making a donation to support &quot;Project SYW&quot;. Donations are invested in web hosting and in the acquisition and integration of additional documentation.&lt;/big&gt;

&lt;big&gt;'''To make a donation (Paypal or main credit cards) [http://www.kronoskaf.com/donate.htm click here].'''&lt;/big&gt;

&lt;small&gt;(click on the image for a detailed breakdown of donations for 2019)&lt;/small&gt;&lt;br clear=&quot;all&quot;&gt;
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{| class=&quot;toc&quot; width=&quot;100%&quot; style=&quot;background-color:#cedff2&quot;
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!&lt;big&gt;Project Status&lt;/big&gt;
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|style=&quot;padding:5px;&quot;|
'''Warning''': Before using our plates as reference to paint figurines or to reconstruct uniforms or colours, please read our [[Project SYW:General disclaimer|disclaimer]].

{{NewStuff}}

&lt;small&gt;'''[[News archives|(see News Archives...)]]'''&lt;/small&gt;
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