Origin and History
The regiment was raised in 1636.
During the Great Northern War, the regiment saw action at Kliszow (1702), Warsaw (1705), Malatitze (1708) and Helsingborg (1710).
By the middle of the 17th century, it counted 8 companies for a total of 1,000 men.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:
- no information available yet
Service during the War
In 1757, 4 companies (500 men) of the regiment were part of the expeditionary force sent to Pomerania under Field-marshal Mathias Alexander von Ungern Sternberg.
In 1758, 2 additional companies (300 men) of the regiment were sent to Pomerania to reinforce the Swedish expeditionary force operating against Prussia.
|Headgear||black tricorne without lace and with a brass button on the left side|
|Coat||medium blue lined red with 12 brass buttons down the front and 2 brass buttons in the small of the back
|Breeches||buckskin or reindeer skin|
Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols and a carbine. They could also wear a polished steel breastplate bordered in yellow under their coat but this breastplate was rarely worn.
The officers wore the same uniform as the troopers with the following exceptions:
- a gold laced tricorne
- black breeches (sometimes)
- housings and holster caps laced gold
The NCOS wore the same uniform as the troopers with the unique distinction of a narrow golden lace on the tricorne.
The musicians wore medium blue uniforms with red swallow nests laced white or yellow at the shoulders. The uniform had no additional laces.
The drums were made of brass with red rims. The trumpets were made of brass with a medium blue banner.
The pikes used as staffs to carry the colours were always striped in blue and yellow. The standards had gold finials, and gold and silver cords, tassels and fringe.
Lifstandar (colonel standard): white field; borders heavily embroidered in gold and silver; centre device carried the crowned royal arms of Sweden flanked by 2 crowned golden lions; the upper inner corner carried a golden griffin and 4 blue roses.
Kompanistandar (ordonnance standard):
- Obverse: red field; centre device consisting of a golden griffin facing the flagpole; 1 blue rose in each corner.
- Reverse: red field; borders heavily embroidered in gold and silver; centre device consisting of the golden royal cipher “AF” surmounted by a gold crown; surrounded by a laurel wreath tied with a red ribbon.
The colonel's squadron carried the Lifstandar, each other squadron had a Kompanistandar.
This article contains texts translated from the following books which are now in the public domain:
- Großer Generalstab, Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen - Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 6 Leuthen, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher), Berlin 1904, pp.92-107, Annex pp. 11-16
Högman, Hans, Svenska regementen under indelningsverkets dagar
Pengel, R. D. and G. R. Hurt; Swedish Army in Pomerania – 1757-1763, Birmingham, 1983
Schirmer, Friedrich, Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.