10th Dragoons

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Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1715 by brigadier Humphrey Gore to contain the first Jacobite uprising. It ranked as 10th Dragoons.

In 1746, during the second Jacobite uprising, the regiment took part to the battles of Falkirk (January 17) and Culloden (April 16).

On July 1 1751, when a Royal warrant reorganised the British cavalry, the regiment was designated as the "10th Regiment of Dragoons". It consisted of 2 squadrons.

At the end of 1755, a company of light dragoons was added to the Regiments. These light dragoons had brass helmets.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • in 1758: Mordaunt

Service during the War

In the summer of 1758, the regiment was among the first British contingent (6,000 men) sent to reinforce the Allied army of Ferdinand of Brunswick in Germany. The contingent embarked at Gravesend on July 19, disembarked at Emden on August 3 1758 and arrived at Coesfeld on August 17, after marching through a very heavy rain.

In June 1759, the regiment was part of the main Allied army under the command of the duke Ferdinand of Brunswick. On August 1, it was present at the battle of Minden, where it was deployed in the second line of the right hand column under lord George Sackville. This cavalry corps did not take part to the battle despite several orders requesting its intervention. Lord Sackville was later court-martialed and lost his command.

On July 31 1760, the regiment took part in the battle of Warburg where it was deployed in the second line of Granby's cavalry. Granby charged and broke the French cavalry right wing then wheeled and hit the French infantry in the flank, winning the day for the Allies. The regiment earned its first Battle Honour there. On October 16, the regiment was present at the Battle of Clostercamp where it formed part of the rear-guard.

On July 16 1761, the regiment took part in the battle of Vellinghausen where it belonged to Anhalt's corps.

To do: more details on the campaigns from 1760 to 1762

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Uniform in 1758
Headgear black tricorne laced silver with a black cockade
Neck stock white
Coat double breasted red lined deep yellow with white buttons and very narrow white buttonholes arranged in groups of 3, 4 and 5
Collar none
Shoulder strap left shoulder: red fastened with a small white button

right shoulder: white aiguillette

Lapels none
Pockets long vertical pockets with white buttons and very narrow white buttonholes in a chevron pattern
Cuffs deep yellow (slashed in the British pattern) with white buttons and very narrow white buttonholes in a chevron pattern on the sleeve
Turnbacks deep yellow
Waistcoat deep yellow with very narrow white buttonholes
Breeches deep yellow with white knee covers
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt n/a
Cartridge Box natural leather
Scabbard n/a
Bayonet scabbard n/a
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Housings deep yellow with rounded corners decorated with the rank of the regiment (X. D.) on a red ground within a wreath of roses and thistles; bordered with a whitebraid with a green stripe
Holster caps deep yellow with pointed corners decorated with the golden crowned king's cipher and the rank of the regiment (X. D.) underneath; bordered with a white braid with a green stripe
Blanket roll n/a


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols and a musket.

Officers

As per the regulation of 1751, the officers wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:

  • a narrow silver lace at the lapels, cuffs and pockets
  • a crimson silk sash worn over the left shoulder
  • crimson and gold striped sword knot
  • deep yellow housings and holster caps laced silver

NCOs

Sergeants were distinguished by a narrow silver lace on the lapels, cuffs and pockets; a silver aiguillette; a deep yellow worsted sash about their waist.

Corporals were distinguished by a narrow silver lace on the cuffs and shoulder strap; white silk aiguillette.

Musicians

Drummers rode grey horses. They wore deep yellow coats lined and turned up with red and laced with a white braid with a green stripe. Red waistcoats and breeches.

Drummers wore a mitre cap similar to the grenadier mitre cap but with a lower crown and the tassel hanging behind. Deep yellow front decorated with a trophy of guidons and drums; little frontal red flap with the White Horse and the the motto “Nec aspera terrent”; red backing, deep yellow headband with a drum and the rank of the regiment (X. D.) in the middle part behind.

The drums were of brass with a deep yellow forepart carrying the rank of the regiment (X. D.) in silver characters on a crimson ground within a wreath of roses and thistles on the same stalk.

Colours

The guidons were made of silk, fringed with silver and green and embroidered with silver. The tassels and cords were of crimson silk and gold mixed.

King's Guidon: crimson field decorated with the rose and thistle conjoined surmounted by a crown. Underneath the central decoration: the king's motto “Dieu et mon Droit”. In the first and fourth corners the White Horse in a compartment. In the second and third corners: the rank of the regiment (X. D.) in silver characters on a deep yellow ground.

Regimental Guidon: deep yellow field with its centre decorated with the rank of the regiment (X. D.) in silver characters on a crimson ground within a wreath of roses and thistles on the same stalk. In the first and fourth corners the White Horse in a red compartment. In the second and third corners: the rose and thistle conjoined upon a red ground.

King's Guidon - Source: PMPdeL
Regimental Guidon - Source: PMPdeL

References

Fortescue, J. W., A History of the British Army, Vol. II, MacMillan, London, 1899

Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

George II, The Royal Clothing Warrant, 1751

Lawson, Cecil C. P., A History of the Uniforms of the British Army - from the Beginnings to 1760, vol. II

Mills, T. F., Land Forces of Britain the Empire and Commonwealth (an excellent website which unfortunately does not seem to be online any more)

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.