11th Foot

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> British Army >> 11th Foot

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1685 by Henry duke of Beaufort to defend Bristol against the Duke of Monmouth's rebellion. It was originally designated as the “Duke of Beaufort's Musketeers”. Until 1751, it was known by the names of its successive colonels. On July 1 1751, it officially became the “11th Regiment of Foot”.

In 1690, the regiment served in Ireland where, on July 12, it took part in the battle of the Boyne.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment served in the English army sent to the continent under the command of the duke of Marlborough. In 1704, the regiment was serving in Spain when it was taken prisoners by the French. On April 25 1707, it fought in the battle of Almansa. It then returned to England and, in 1715, was involved against the Jacobite Risings and, on November 13 of the same year, took part in the inconclusive battle of Sheriffmuir. On June 10 1719, it fought at the battle of Glen Shiel.

During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment was at the battles of Dettingen (June 27 1743), Fontenoy (May 11 1745) and Rocoux (October 11 1746).

As per a resolution of September 20 1756, a second battalion was exceptionally added to the regiment. Two years later, in 1758, this second battalion was made a distinct regiment as the 64th Regiment of Foot.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • in 1759 and 1760: colonel Bocland

After the Seven Years War, the regiment garrisoned the island of Minorca.

Service during the War

In 1755, the regiment was stationed in the Channel Islands.

As of May 30 1759, the regiment was garrisoning Jersey island and counted 1 battalion for a total of 900 men. In June, it was relieved by the 68th Foot.

In May 1760, the regiment was part of a reinforcement of six battalions and two regiments of Highlanders, promised to Ferdinand of Brunswick. The troops were shipped to Bremen on the Weser instead of, as heretofore, to Emden, and seem to have been despatched with commendable promptitude; for the six regiments of foot, though only warned for service on May 1, were actually reviewed by Ferdinand in his camp at Fritzlar on June 17, and were declared by him to be in a most satisfactory condition.

On October 16 1760, the regiment was present at the battle of Clostercamp where it was part of the fourth division under Howard, kept in reserve.

In July 1761, the regiment was in Howard's corps and, on July 16, took part to the battle of Vellinghausen.

To do: more details on the campaigns from 1760 to 1762.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: rf-figuren from a template by Frédéric Aubert
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with a black cockade (left side)
Grenadier British mitre with: a full (Lincoln) green front edged white and embroidered with white scroll work and the King's cypher surmounted by a crown (yellow with red cushions, white pearls and ermine headband); a small red front flap with the white horse of Hanover surmounted by the motto "Nec aspera terrent"; red back; a full green headband edged white probably wearing the number 11 in the middle part behind; full green within white pompom
Neckstock white
Coat brick red lined full green and laced and edged white (white braid bordered wit 1 red stripe on each edge and with 2 full green inner stripes) with 3 white buttonholes under the lapels (same lace as above)
Collar none
Shoulder Straps red and fastened with a white button (left shoulder)
Lapels full green laced white (same lace as above) with 7 pewter buttons and 6 white buttonholes (same lace as above)
Pockets horizontal pockets laced white (same lace as above)
Cuffs full green (slashed in the British pattern) laced white (same lace as above) with 4 pewter buttons and 4 white buttonholes (same lace as above) on the sleeve above each the cuff
Turnbacks full green
Waistcoat brick red laced white (same lace as above)
Breeches brick red
Gaiters white with black buttons
brown, grey or black during campaigns (black after 1759)
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black
Footgear black shoes


Troopers were armed with with a "Brown Bess" muskets, a bayonet and a sword. They also carried a dark brown haversack with a metal canteen on the left hip.

Officers

Officers of the regiment wore the same uniforms as the private soldiers but with the following differences

  • gold gorget around the neck
  • an aiguilette on the right shoulder
  • gold lace instead of normal lace
  • a crimson sash

Officers wore the same headgear as the private soldiers under their command; however, officers of the grenadier company wore a more decorated mitre cap.

Officers generally carried a spontoon, however, in battle some carried muskets instead.

Musicians

Exceptionally, the drummers of the regiment were clothed in brick red, lined, faced, and lapelled on the breast with full green, and laced with a mixture of white, red and green laces.

According to the Royal Clothing Warrant of 1751:

The front or fore part of the drums was painted full green, with the king's cypher and crown, and the number “XI” under it. The rims were red.

Colours

King's Colour: Union with its centre decorated with a rose and thistle wreath around the regiment number "XI" in gold Roman numerals.

Regimental Colour: full green field; centre device consisting of a rose and thistle wreath around the regiment number "XI" in gold Roman numerals. The Union in the upper left corner.

King's Colour - Source: Richard Couture from a template by PMPdeL
Regimental Colour - Source: Richard Couture from a template by PMPdeL

References

Anonymous, Particular description of the several descents on the coast of France last war; with an entertaining account of the islands of Guadeloupe, Dominique, etc., E. & C. Dilly, London, 1770

Fovant Badges Society - The Devonshire Regiment

Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

George II, The Royal Clothing Warrant, 1751

Mills, T. F., Land Forces of Britain the Empire and Commonwealth (an excellent website which unfortunately seems to have disappeared from the web)

Wikipedia 11th Foot