1758-09-28 - Assault on Fehrbellin
Description of Events
On September 28 1758, general Wedel, who was trying to repulse a Swedish offensive in Brandenburg, arrived at Fehrbellin at the head of a Prussian force. His objective was to push the Swedes away from the Rhin River. To reach this objective, Wedel needed to capture the town of Fehrbellin. This town is only a few kilometers upstream (north) of Tarnow, the site of the engagement of Tarmow which took place a few days earlier, on September 26. Fehrbellin is about 30 km east-north-east of the point where the Rhin flows into the Havel about 20 km south-east of where in turn the Havel flows into the Elbe.
Fehrbellin could be entered through three gates between which the Swedish defenders were divided with one gun each.
The Prussians assault, spearheaded by the grenadiers, attacked the western (Mühlenthor) and eastern (Berlinerthor) gates. They were repulsed at Berlinerthor but were able to break through at the Mühlenthor. The outnumbered Swedes retreated through the streets firing muskets and artillery canister. After two hours the defenders were pushed out through the southern gate at bayonet point with heavy losses. Just as the Swedes crossed the bridge, reinforcements arrived, firing artillery into the town. The Prussians failed to put fire to the bridge and were forced to retreat.
Order of Battle
Prussian Order of Battle
Commander-in-Chief: Major-General von Wedel
Summary: 8 bns, 10 sqns, 4 x 12-pdr guns and 16 battalion guns for a total of 6,000 men (5,000 foot, 1,000 horse).
- HR3 Möhring Hussars (5 sqns)
- DR7 Plettenberg Dragoons (5 sqns)
- Colonel von Bonin's Brigade
- 35/36 Schenckendorff Grenadiers (1 bn and 2 battalion guns)
- IR45 [[Dossow Fusiliers|Hesse-Kassel Fusiliers (2 bns and 4 battalion guns)
- 2 x 12-pdrs guns
- Lieutenant-Colonel von Tettenborn's Brigade
- IR37 Kurssell Fusiliers (2 bns and 4 battalion guns) left behind to guard the camp near Dechtow
Swedish Order of Battle
Commander-in-chief: Major Karl Konstantin De Carnall
- in Fehrbellin(800 men)
Original article contributed by User:Traveller
Grimberg C, Uddgren H, ”Svenska Krigarbragder”, Stockholm, 1914
Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 8 Zorndorf und Hochkirch, Berlin, 1910, Appendix 9
Säwe, Teofron, “Sveriges deltagande i Sjuåriga Kriget Åren 1757-1762”, page 194 ff., Stockholm, 1915
Schantz, G von, ”Försök till en historia öfver det förra Pommerska kriget”, page 40 ff., Stockholm, 1811
Duane C. Young, Ph.D. for the additional info provided on the location of the engagement