Difference between revisions of "1758 – Russian Army Winter Quarters"

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By November 1758, the Russian Army which had invaded East Prussia and Brandenburg had gradually retreated to East Prussia and Poland.
 
By November 1758, the Russian Army which had invaded East Prussia and Brandenburg had gradually retreated to East Prussia and Poland.
  
On November 13, the Russian army divided up into small detachments, each marching to its assigned winter quarters  
+
On November 13, the Russian army divided up into small detachments, each marching to its assigned winter-quarters  
  
 
In its winter-quarters, this army was positioned as follows:
 
In its winter-quarters, this army was positioned as follows:
Line 13: Line 13:
 
!Winter-quarters!!Infantry!!Cavalry
 
!Winter-quarters!!Infantry!!Cavalry
 
|-
 
|-
|Town and district of Elbing||1st Brigade under Major-General Palmbach
+
|Town and district of Elbing (present-day Elbląg)||1st Brigade under Major-General Palmbach
 
*[[2nd Moscowskiy Infantry|2nd Moscowskiy]]
 
*[[2nd Moscowskiy Infantry|2nd Moscowskiy]]
 
*[[Viatskiy Infantry|Viatskiy]] (''Wiet'')
 
*[[Viatskiy Infantry|Viatskiy]] (''Wiet'')
Line 33: Line 33:
 
|| 
 
|| 
 
|-
 
|-
|Heiligenbeil and Brandenburg|| ||Cuirassiers under Demiku
+
|Heiligenbeil (present-day Mamonowo) and Brandenburg (present-day Uschakowo)|| ||Cuirassiers under Demiku
 
*[[Kievskiy Cuirassiers|Kievskiy]]  
 
*[[Kievskiy Cuirassiers|Kievskiy]]  
 
*[[Novotroitskiy Cuirassiers|Novotroitskiy]]  
 
*[[Novotroitskiy Cuirassiers|Novotroitskiy]]  
 
*[[Kazanskiy Cuirassiers|Kazanskiy]]
 
*[[Kazanskiy Cuirassiers|Kazanskiy]]
 
|-
 
|-
|Muhlhausen (present-day Mlynary) and Preussisch Holland (present-day Paslek)|| ||Hussars under colonel Soritch
+
|Mühlhausen in Ostpreussen (present-day Mlynary) and Preussisch Holland (present-day Paslek)|| ||Hussars under colonel Soritch
 
*[[Vengerskiy Hussars|Vengerskiy]] (Hungarian)  
 
*[[Vengerskiy Hussars|Vengerskiy]] (Hungarian)  
 
*[[Serbskiy Hussars|Serbskiy]] (Serbian)  
 
*[[Serbskiy Hussars|Serbskiy]] (Serbian)  
Line 44: Line 44:
  
 
{| class="tblunout"
 
{| class="tblunout"
|+'''Second Division commanded by Lieutenant-General Resanov – Headquarters Graudentz (present-day Grudziadz)'''
+
|+'''Second Division commanded by Lieutenant-General Resanov – Headquarters Graudenz (present-day Grudziadz)'''
 
!Winter-quarters!!Infantry!!Cavalry
 
!Winter-quarters!!Infantry!!Cavalry
 
|-
 
|-
|Graudentz and surrounding villages||1st Brigade under Major-General Martuinov
+
|Graudenz (present-day Grudziadz) and surrounding villages||1st Brigade under Major-General Martuinov
 
*[[2nd Grenadier]]
 
*[[2nd Grenadier]]
 
*[[Kazanskiy Infantry|Kazanskiy]]
 
*[[Kazanskiy Infantry|Kazanskiy]]
Line 54: Line 54:
 
|| 
 
|| 
 
|-
 
|-
|from Königsberg (present-day Kaliningrad) to Wehlau (present-day Znamensk)||2nd Brigade under Major-General Panin
+
|from Königsberg (present-day Kaliningrad) to Wehlau (present-day Snamensk)||2nd Brigade under Major-General Panin
 
*[[1st Grenadier]]
 
*[[1st Grenadier]]
 
*[[Sankt-Peterburgskiy Infantry|Sankt-Peterburgskiy]]
 
*[[Sankt-Peterburgskiy Infantry|Sankt-Peterburgskiy]]
Line 61: Line 61:
 
|| 
 
|| 
 
|-
 
|-
|Königsberg||3rd Brigade under Major-General Plemenikov
+
|Königsberg (present-day Kaliningrad)||3rd Brigade under Major-General Plemenikov
 
*[[4th Grenadier]]
 
*[[4th Grenadier]]
 
*[[Muromskiy Infantry|Muromskiy]]
 
*[[Muromskiy Infantry|Muromskiy]]
 
|| 
 
|| 
 
|-
 
|-
|Creutzburg and Zinten(present-day Kornewo)||3rd Brigade under Major-General Plemenikov
+
|Creuzburg in Ostpreussen (present-day Slawskoje) and Zinten (present-day Kornewo)||3rd Brigade under Major-General Plemenikov
 
*[[Smolenskiy Infantry|Smolenskiy]]
 
*[[Smolenskiy Infantry|Smolenskiy]]
 
*[[Riazanskiy Infantry|Riazanskiy]]
 
*[[Riazanskiy Infantry|Riazanskiy]]
 
||   
 
||   
 
|-
 
|-
|Riesenburg and Saalfeld (present-day Zalewo)|| ||[[His Imperial Highness Cuirassiers]]
+
|Riesenburg (present-day Prabuty) and Saalfeld in Preussen (present-day Zalewo)|| ||[[His Imperial Highness Cuirassiers]]
 
|-
 
|-
|Rosenburg and Prussian Markt|| ||[[3rd Cuirassier]]
+
|Rosenberg (present-day Susz) and Preuschmark (present-day Przezmark)|| ||[[3rd Cuirassier]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Neidenburg (present-day Nidzica)|| ||[[Narvskiy Horse Grenadiers]]
 
|Neidenburg (present-day Nidzica)|| ||[[Narvskiy Horse Grenadiers]]
 
|-
 
|-
|Soldau (present-day Dzialdowo)|| ||[[Kargopolskiy Horse Grenadiers]]
+
|Soldau in Preussen (present-day Działdowo)|| ||[[Kargopolskiy Horse Grenadiers]]
 
|-
 
|-
|Hohenstein (present-day Olsztynek)|| ||[[Arkhangelogorodskiy Dragoons]]
+
|Hohenstein (probably present-day Olsztynek)|| ||[[Arkhangelogorodskiy Dragoons]]
 
|-
 
|-
|Gilgenburg (present-day Dabrowno)|| ||[[Tobolskiy Dragoons]]
+
|Gilgenburg (present-day Dąbrówno)|| ||[[Tobolskiy Dragoons]]
 
|-
 
|-
|Morung|| ||[[1st Novoserbskiy Hussars]]
+
|Mohrungen (present-day Morąg)|| ||[[1st Novoserbskiy Hussars]]
 
|-
 
|-
|Garnsee|| ||[[Gruzinskiy Hussars|Gruzinskiy]] (Georgian)
+
|Garnsee (present-day Gardeja)|| ||[[Gruzinskiy Hussars|Gruzinskiy]] (Georgian)
 
|-
 
|-
|Freystadt|| ||[[Chuguev Cossacks]]
+
|Freistadt in Westpreussen (present-day Kisielice)|| ||[[Chuguev Cossacks]]
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
{| class="tblunout"
 
{| class="tblunout"
|+'''Third Division commanded by [[Rumyantsev, Count Pyotr Alexandrovich|Lieutenant-General Rumyantsev]] – Headquarters Culm (present-day Chelmno)'''
+
|+'''Third Division commanded by [[Rumyantsev, Count Pyotr Alexandrovich|Lieutenant-General Rumyantsev]] – Headquarters Kulm (present-day Chełmno)'''
 
!Winter-quarters!!Infantry!!Cavalry
 
!Winter-quarters!!Infantry!!Cavalry
 
|-
 
|-
|Culm and surrounding villages||1st Brigade under [[Lubomirski, Prince Kacper|Major-General Lubomirski]]
+
|Kulm (present-day Chełmno) and surrounding villages||1st Brigade under [[Lubomirski, Prince Kacper|Major-General Lubomirski]]
 
*[[3rd Grenadier]]
 
*[[3rd Grenadier]]
 
*[[Rostovskiy Infantry|Rostovskiy]]
 
*[[Rostovskiy Infantry|Rostovskiy]]
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|| 
 
|| 
 
|-
 
|-
|Bischoffswerder (Biskupiec), Deutsch Eylau (present-day Ilawa), Liebenmuhl, Osterode (present-day Ostroda)||2nd Brigade under Major-General Dietz
+
|Bischofswerder (present-day Biskupiec), Deutsch Eylau (present-day Iława), Liebemühl (present-day Miłomłyn), Osterode in Ostpreussen (present-day Ostróda)||2nd Brigade under Major-General Dietz
 
*[[Ladozskiy Infantry|Ladozskiy]]
 
*[[Ladozskiy Infantry|Ladozskiy]]
 
*[[Vologdaskiy Infantry|Vologdaskiy]]
 
*[[Vologdaskiy Infantry|Vologdaskiy]]
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|| 
 
|| 
 
|-
 
|-
|Allenburg, Gerdauen, Friedland (present-day Prawdinsk), Schippenbeil (present-day Sepopol)||3rd brigade under brigadier Hartwichs
+
|Allenburg (present-day Druschba), Gerdauen (present-day Schelesnodoroschny), Friedland (present-day Pravdinsk), Schippenbeil (present-day Sępopol)||3rd brigade under brigadier Hartwichs
 
*[[Bjeloserskiy Infantry|Bjeloserskiy]]
 
*[[Bjeloserskiy Infantry|Bjeloserskiy]]
 
*[[Pskovskiy Infantry|Pskovskiy]]
 
*[[Pskovskiy Infantry|Pskovskiy]]
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|| 
 
|| 
 
|-
 
|-
|Passenheim (present-day Pasym), Sensburg (present-day Mragowo), Rastenburg (present-day Ketrzyn)||&nbsp;||[[Sankt-Peterburgskiy Horse Grenadiers]]<br>[[Rizhskiy Horse Grenadiers]]<br>[[Ryazanskiy Horse Grenadiers]]
+
|Passenheim (present-day Pasym), Sensburg (present-day Mrągowo), Rastenburg (present-day Kętrzyn)||&nbsp;||[[Sankt-Peterburgskiy Horse Grenadiers]]<br>[[Rizhskiy Horse Grenadiers]]<br>[[Ryazanskiy Horse Grenadiers]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Rhein (present-day Ryn), Nikolaiken (present-day Mikolajki)||&nbsp;||[[Tverskoy Dragoons]]<br>[[Nizhegorodskiy Dragoons]]
 
|Rhein (present-day Ryn), Nikolaiken (present-day Mikolajki)||&nbsp;||[[Tverskoy Dragoons]]<br>[[Nizhegorodskiy Dragoons]]
 
|-
 
|-
|Liebstadt (present-day Milakowo)||&nbsp;||[[Moldavskiy Hussars]]<br>[[Shevich Hussars|Shevich]] or [[Preradovich Hussars|Preradovich]] Slaviano-Serbian Hussars
+
|Liebstadt (present-day Miłakowo)||&nbsp;||[[Moldavskiy Hussars]]<br>[[Shevich Hussars|Shevich]] or [[Preradovich Hussars|Preradovich]] Slaviano-Serbian Hussars
 
|}
 
|}
  
Besides the troops listed above, the artillery horses went to Fischausen (''unidentified location'') while the Observation Corps commanded by General Browne took its winter quarters in an area extending from Thorn (present-day Torun) to Culm (present-day Chelmno). Finally, some 5,000 Don Cossacks where stationed in two distinct corps at Oletzko (present-day Olecko) under General Yefremov and in advanced posts on the other side of the Vistula under brigadier Krasnotchokov  
+
Besides the troops listed above, the artillery horses went to Fischausen (present-day Primorsk) while the Observation Corps commanded by General Browne took its winter-quarters in an area extending from Thorn (present-day Torun) to Kulm (present-day Chełmno). Finally, some 5,000 Don Cossacks where stationed in two distinct corps at Oletzko (present-day Olecko) under General Yefremov and in advanced posts on the other side of the Vistula under brigadier Krasnotchokov  
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Latest revision as of 16:07, 26 January 2019

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Campaigns >> 1758 - Russian invasion of Brandenburg >> Russian Army Winter-quarters - November

Description

By November 1758, the Russian Army which had invaded East Prussia and Brandenburg had gradually retreated to East Prussia and Poland.

On November 13, the Russian army divided up into small detachments, each marching to its assigned winter-quarters

In its winter-quarters, this army was positioned as follows:

First Division commanded by Lieutenant-General Froloff Bagreef – Headquarters at Elbing (present-day Elbląg)
Winter-quarters Infantry Cavalry
Town and district of Elbing (present-day Elbląg) 1st Brigade under Major-General Palmbach  
Dirschau (present-day Tczew) and Mewe (present-day Gniew) 2nd Brigade under Major-General Volkonsky  
Marienburg (present-day Malbork) and suburbs 3rd Brigade under Major-General Leontiev  
Heiligenbeil (present-day Mamonowo) and Brandenburg (present-day Uschakowo)   Cuirassiers under Demiku
Mühlhausen in Ostpreussen (present-day Mlynary) and Preussisch Holland (present-day Paslek)   Hussars under colonel Soritch
Second Division commanded by Lieutenant-General Resanov – Headquarters Graudenz (present-day Grudziadz)
Winter-quarters Infantry Cavalry
Graudenz (present-day Grudziadz) and surrounding villages 1st Brigade under Major-General Martuinov  
from Königsberg (present-day Kaliningrad) to Wehlau (present-day Snamensk) 2nd Brigade under Major-General Panin  
Königsberg (present-day Kaliningrad) 3rd Brigade under Major-General Plemenikov  
Creuzburg in Ostpreussen (present-day Slawskoje) and Zinten (present-day Kornewo) 3rd Brigade under Major-General Plemenikov  
Riesenburg (present-day Prabuty) and Saalfeld in Preussen (present-day Zalewo)   His Imperial Highness Cuirassiers
Rosenberg (present-day Susz) and Preuschmark (present-day Przezmark)   3rd Cuirassier
Neidenburg (present-day Nidzica)   Narvskiy Horse Grenadiers
Soldau in Preussen (present-day Działdowo)   Kargopolskiy Horse Grenadiers
Hohenstein (probably present-day Olsztynek)   Arkhangelogorodskiy Dragoons
Gilgenburg (present-day Dąbrówno)   Tobolskiy Dragoons
Mohrungen (present-day Morąg)   1st Novoserbskiy Hussars
Garnsee (present-day Gardeja)   Gruzinskiy (Georgian)
Freistadt in Westpreussen (present-day Kisielice)   Chuguev Cossacks
Third Division commanded by Lieutenant-General Rumyantsev – Headquarters Kulm (present-day Chełmno)
Winter-quarters Infantry Cavalry
Kulm (present-day Chełmno) and surrounding villages 1st Brigade under Major-General Lubomirski  
Bischofswerder (present-day Biskupiec), Deutsch Eylau (present-day Iława), Liebemühl (present-day Miłomłyn), Osterode in Ostpreussen (present-day Ostróda) 2nd Brigade under Major-General Dietz  
Allenburg (present-day Druschba), Gerdauen (present-day Schelesnodoroschny), Friedland (present-day Pravdinsk), Schippenbeil (present-day Sępopol) 3rd brigade under brigadier Hartwichs  
Passenheim (present-day Pasym), Sensburg (present-day Mrągowo), Rastenburg (present-day Kętrzyn)   Sankt-Peterburgskiy Horse Grenadiers
Rizhskiy Horse Grenadiers
Ryazanskiy Horse Grenadiers
Rhein (present-day Ryn), Nikolaiken (present-day Mikolajki)   Tverskoy Dragoons
Nizhegorodskiy Dragoons
Liebstadt (present-day Miłakowo)   Moldavskiy Hussars
Shevich or Preradovich Slaviano-Serbian Hussars

Besides the troops listed above, the artillery horses went to Fischausen (present-day Primorsk) while the Observation Corps commanded by General Browne took its winter-quarters in an area extending from Thorn (present-day Torun) to Kulm (present-day Chełmno). Finally, some 5,000 Don Cossacks where stationed in two distinct corps at Oletzko (present-day Olecko) under General Yefremov and in advanced posts on the other side of the Vistula under brigadier Krasnotchokov

References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following book which is now in the public domain:

  • Tielke, J. G., An Account of some of the most Remarkable Events of the War between the Prussians, Austrians and Russians from 1756 to 1763, Vol. 2, Walter, London, 1788, pp. 261-264