1759 - British operations on the Malabar Coast

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Campaigns >> 1759 - British operations on the Malabar Coast

The main campaign took place from February to March 1759

Description of events

In the beginning of February 1759, captain Richard Maitland of the Royal Regiment of Artillery was ordered by the governor and council of Bombay (actual Mumbai) to undertake an expedition against the city and castle of Surat, some 280 km north of Bombay.

On February 9, Maitland embarked with 850 artillery and infantry, and 1,500 sepoys.

On February 17, Maitland landed his force at Dentilowry (unidentified location) about 14 km from Surat. He encamped there for 3 to 4 days.

Maitland then erected a battery of two 24-pdrs and one mortar which played very briskly against the walls of Surat for 3 days. Finding this method of attack tedious, Maitland ordered his little fleet to wrap up the Tapi river in the night and anchor in a line of battle opposite one of the strongest fortified posts called the Bundar.

With his vessels in position, Maitland launched a general attack and the troops soon made themselves master of the Bundar and of the outer town.

Maitland then bombarded the castle and town.

On March 4, Surat, one of the richest cities in India, surrendered to the British.

References

This article is essentially a compilation of texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Anonymous, A Complete History of the Present War, from its Commencement in 1756, to the End of the Campaign, 1760, London, 1761, pp. 477-478

Other sources

Surat History