1762 - Spanish campaign in Portugal – Anglo-Portuguese Army OOB July

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Contents

Order of battle of the Anglo-Portuguese army during summer 1762

Main army

Commander-in-chief: count of Lippe-Bückeburg assisted by:

  • adjutant-general: colonel Bohm
  • aide: major Hill
  • adjutant: count Ferdinand von Lippe-Biesterfeld (Lippe-Bückeburg's cousin, formerly captain of infantry, promoted lieutenant-colonel for his conduct
  • quarter-master of the Portuguese army: field-marshal John Crawford assisted by lieutenant-colonel Preston
  • general of infantry: Dom João de Lencastre
  • generals of cavalry: marquis de Tancos, prince of Mecklenburg, Dom Luís de Portugal
  • marechais-de-campo: Manuel Bessa Dantas, Dom Vasco da Câmara, marquis de Angeja, Dom José Joaquim de Miranda, Dom José Félix da Cunha, count de São Tiago and José Leite de Sousa

N.B.: in the following order of battle, the names of the commander are based on a document dated December 1762, it is possible that, in some cases, the commander during the preceding summer might have been different

First LineSecond Line
Right Wing Cavalry
  • Corte Cavalry (3 troops) under the Prince of Mecklenburg
  • Cais Cavalry (3 troops) under count de Sampaio
  • Alcantara Cavalry (3 troops) under Dom Fernando José Lobo da Silveira
  • Olivença Dragoons (3 troops) under Dom José da Câmara
  • Évora Dragoons (3 troops) under Dom Francisco da Silva Tello
 
Infantry centre
 
  • 1st Cascais (1 bn) under marquis do Lavradio
  • 1st Novo Corte (1 bn) under count do Prado
  • 1st Velho Corte (1 bn) under count de Aveiras
  • 1st Setúbal (1 bn) under Dom Francisco Assis da Cunha
  • 1st Olivença (1 bn) under Martim Lopo Saldanha
  • Granadeiros Portugueses (1 bn) under colonel Lee
  • 1st Reais Suiços (1 bn) under colonel Thorman
  • Granadeiros Portugueses (1 bn) under lieutenant-colonel Michaelis
  • 1st Moura (1 bn) under Dom António Veríssimo
  • 1st Castelo de Vide (1 bn) under Dom Fernando de Almeida
  • 1st Lagos (1 bn) under count do Vimeiro
  • 1st Faro (1 bn) under Dom Gastão da Câmara
  • 1st Armada (1 bn) under viscount de Mesquitela
 
Left Wing Cavalry
  • Moura Cavalry (3 troops) under Dom José da Costa
  • Penamacor Dragoons (3 troops) under Henrique Garcês Palha
  • Bragança Cavalry (3 troops) under José António Freire de Andrade
 

Portuguese Artillery under general count da Counha

  • unidentified unit (1 bn) under count de Soure
  • Estremoz (1 bn) under Guillaume Louis Antoine de Valleré

British Contingent

Commander: lieutenant-general Lord Loudon

  • 16th Burgoyne's Light Dragoons (6 troops)
  • Pulteney's Converged Grenadiers (?? coys)
  • Dalrymple's Light Infantry (??coys)
  • 3rd Buff Foot (1 bn) under Howard
  • 67th Lambert's Foot (1 bn)
  • 75th Frederic's Foot (1 bn)
  • 83rd Armstrong's Foot (1 bn)
  • 85th Crawford’s Volunteers (1 bn)
  • 91st Blaney's Foot (1 bn)
  • Royal Artillery (8 coys) under colonel Pattison assisted by major Forbes MacBean

Corps in Tras-os-Montes

Commander: lieutenant-general Cary

  • 1st Valença (1 bn) under Dom João de Sousa
  • 1st Bragança (1 bn) under Francisco Luís Pequeno
  • 2nd Bragança (1 bn) under Dom Luís de Sousa
  • 1st Porto (1 bn) under Dom António de Lencastre
  • 1st Chaves (1 bn) under F. B. Morais Pimentel
  • Éguas light cavalry (3 troops)

Corps in the province of Beira

Commander: lieutenant-general Townshend

  • 1st Peniche (1 bn) under brigadier Lourenço de Melo
  • 2nd Peniche (1 bn) under Dom Miguel de Almeida
  • 2nd Valença (1 bn) under António Vieira Guedes
  • 2nd Porto (1 bn) under Jorge Francisco Machado de Mendonça
  • 2nd Chaves (1 bn) under João António de Sá Pereira
  • 1st Penamacor (1 bn) under Luís de Vasconcelos
  • 2nd Penamacor (1 bn) under chevalier de Foulis
  • 1st Viana (1 bn) under Luís Pinto Robin
  • 2nd Viana (1 bn) under Sebastião Pinto Robin
  • 1st Campo Maior (1 bn) under Manuel Pereira de Matos
  • 2nd Campo Maior (1 bn( under Pascoal Pepper
  • 1st Olivença (1 bn) under Furtado de Mendonça
  • 2nd Olivença (1 bn) under colonel Lee
  • Voluntários Reais (? foot coys) under João Hamilton
  • Almeida Cavalry (3 troops) under Dom Francisco Inocêncio de Sousa Coutinho
  • Chaves Dragoons (3 troops) under Dom Pedro Manuel de Vilhena
  • Voluntários Reais (3 mounted troops) under João Hamilton

References

Biblioteca Nacional, Plan of the Portuguese army in mid December 1762

Francis A. D., The Campaign in Portugal, 1762 in "Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research", Vol. LVIV No.237 (Spring 1981)

McHugh, Don, and Mike Kirby, The Portugal Campaign 1762 - France and Spain Invade, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. XII No. 3

Pereira Sales, Ernesto Augusto; O Conde de Lippe em Portugal, Vila Nova de Famalicao: Publicacoes da Comissao de Historia Militar, 1936

Ribeiro Rodrigues, Manuel A.; 300 Anos de Uniformes Militares do Exército de Portugal 1660-1960, Exército Portugués and Sociedade Historica da Independéncia de Portugal, 1998

Acknowledgement

Manuel Ribeiro Rodrigues and Joseph O'Neil for the initial version of this article.

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