Difference between revisions of "19/25 Ramin Grenadiers"

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(Standardization of all articles on the Prussian Army)
 
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During the Seven Years' War, the battalion was commanded by:  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the battalion was commanded by:  
*since 1756: Major F. E. von Ramin
+
*since June 25 1756: Major F. E. von Ramin
*from December 1757: Major P. B. von Heyden (died on August 22 1759 of wounds received at the [[1759-08-12 - Battle of Kunersdorf|Battle of Kunersdorf]])
+
*from December 31 1757: Major P. B. von Heyden (died on August 22 1759 of wounds received at the [[1759-08-12 - Battle of Kunersdorf|Battle of Kunersdorf]])
 
*from the winter of 1761-62 (after reconstitution): Major Alexander Friedrich von Woldeck
 
*from the winter of 1761-62 (after reconstitution): Major Alexander Friedrich von Woldeck
 
==Service during the War==
 
==Service during the War==
On August 26 1756, when the Prussian army proceeded to the [[1756 - Prussian invasion of Saxony|invasion of Saxony]], the battalion was part of the centre column led by [[Frederick II]]. More precisely, it belonged to Margarve Karl's Corps. The centre column had concentrated in the area of Brietzen and advanced unopposed upstream along the Elbe River by Torgau and Wittenberg, leaving Meissen to its left. On September 6, it encamped at Rothschönberg and finally reached Wilsdruf.
+
On August 26 1756, when a Prussian army proceeded to the [[1756 - Prussian invasion of Saxony|invasion of Saxony]], the battalion was part of the centre column led by [[Frederick II]]. More precisely, it belonged to [[Brandenburg-Schwedt, Karl Friedrich Albrecht, Markgrave zu|Margarve Karl]]'s Corps. The centre column had concentrated in the area of Brietzen and advanced unopposed upstream along the Elbe River by Torgau and Wittenberg, leaving Meissen to its left. On September 6, it encamped at Rothschönberg and finally reached Wilsdruf.
  
In April 1757, the battalion took part in the [[1757 - Prussian invasion of Bohemia|invasion of Bohemia]]. On May 6, it did not take part to the [[1757-05-06 - Battle of Prague|Battle of Prague]]. It was rather deployed on the left bank of the Moldau near the Weissenberg as part of [[Keith, James Francis Edward|Keith]]'s Corps. At the end of August, the battalion was part of the small Prussian Army hastily assembled at Dresden by [[Frederick II]] to head towards Thuringia to offer battle to the [[1757 - Franco-Imperial invasion of Saxony|Franco-Imperial Army invading Saxony]]. On November 5, at the [[1757-11-05 - Battle of Rossbach|Battle of Rossbach]], the battalion was deployed in the first line of the infantry right wing under Lieutenant-general [[Ferdinand of Brunswick]]. On December 5 at the [[1757-12-05 - Battle of Leuthen|Battle of Leuthen]], the battalion was deployed in the vanguard which successfully attacked the Austrian left flank.  
+
In April 1757, the battalion took part in the [[1757 - Prussian invasion of Bohemia|invasion of Bohemia]]. On May 6, it did not take part in the [[1757-05-06 - Battle of Prague|Battle of Prague]] but was rather deployed on the left bank of the Moldau near the Weissenberg as part of [[Keith, James Francis Edward|Keith]]'s Corps. At the end of August, the battalion was part of the small Prussian Army hastily assembled at Dresden by [[Frederick II]] to head towards Thuringia to offer battle to the [[1757 - Franco-Imperial invasion of Saxony|Franco-Imperial Army invading Saxony]]. On November 5, at the [[1757-11-05 - Battle of Rossbach|Battle of Rossbach]], the battalion was deployed in the first line of the infantry right wing under [[Ferdinand of Brunswick|Lieutenant-General Ferdinand of Brunswick]]. On December 5 at the [[1757-12-05 - Battle of Leuthen|Battle of Leuthen]], the battalion was deployed in the vanguard which successfully attacked the Austrian left flank.  
  
On October 14 1758, the regiment took part in the [[1758-10-14 - Battle of Hochkirch|Battle of Hochkirch]] where it was initially deployed in Manteuffel's Corps on the extreme left flank of the Prussian positions. It was then sent to cover the defile of Rodewitz. Seeing the large Prussian battery near Rodewitz, defended by Wangenheim's grenadiers, on the verge of being captured, the battalion came to its rescue. These two Prussian battalions were finally forced to abandon the battery.
+
In the Spring of 1758, the battalion took part in the unsuccessful [[1758 - Prussian invasion of Moravia|invasion of Moravia]]. On June 21, the post of Kleinsenitz (present-day Senička), occupied only by [[Wartenberg Hussars|Möhring Hussars]] (10 sqns), was reinforced by [[G-VI/G-VIII Plötz Grenadiers|VI. "Standing" Grenadier Battalion (Rohr)]], [[G-NG/G-III/G-IV Kahlden Grenadiers|I. "Standing" Grenadier Battalion (Wangenheim)]] and '''Grenadier Battalion 19/25 Heyden'''. This detachment was placed under the command of Major-general von Kreytzen and ordered to maintain communication with the field-hospital at Littau. On October 14, the regiment took part in the [[1758-10-14 - Battle of Hochkirch|Battle of Hochkirch]] where it was initially deployed in Manteuffel's Corps on the extreme left flank of the Prussian positions. It was then sent to cover the defile of Rodewitz. Seeing the large Prussian battery near Rodewitz, defended by Wangenheim's grenadiers, on the verge of being captured, the battalion came to its rescue. These two Prussian battalions were finally forced to abandon the battery.
  
On August 12 1759, the battalion fought in the bloody [[1759-08-12 - Battle of Kunersdorf|Battle of Kunersdorf]] where it was deployed in the vanguard as part of Schenckendorff's Brigade.  The battalion suffered so heavily that it was later combined with [[13/26 Finck Grenadiers|Grenadier Battalion 13/26]] to form a single battalion. On September 21, this combined battalion took part in the [[1759-09-21 - Combat of Korbitz|Combat of Korbitz]] where it was deployed in the first line of the right wing under Lieutenant-general Finck. When Hadik advanced Brentano's Corps against the Prussian right, Finck replied by sending Rebentisch with 4 grenadier battalions, including this one, and [[Markgraf Carl Infantry]] against Brentano who was driven back. The combined battalion captured 11 guns.
+
On August 12 1759, the battalion fought in the bloody [[1759-08-12 - Battle of Kunersdorf|Battle of Kunersdorf]] where it was deployed in the vanguard as part of Schenckendorff's Brigade.  The battalion suffered so heavily that it was later combined with [[13/26 Finck Grenadiers|Grenadier Battalion 13/26]] to form a single battalion. On September 21, this combined battalion took part in the [[1759-09-21 - Combat of Korbitz|Combat of Korbitz]] where it was deployed in the first line of the right wing under Lieutenant-General Finck. When Hadik advanced Brentano's Corps against the Prussian right, Finck replied by sending Rebentisch with 4 grenadier battalions, including this one, and [[Markgraf Carl Infantry]] against Brentano who was driven back. The combined battalion captured 11 guns.
  
To do: campaigns from 1760 to 1762
+
On December 30 1761, during [[1761 - Swedish campaign in Pomerania – Winter operations|winter operations in Pomerania]], the battalion took part in an unsuccessful attack on Malchin. On January 2 1762, during the [[1762-01-02- Combat of Neu Kalen|Combat of Neu Kalen]], the battalion was left behind at the bridge of Pisede near Malchin.
 +
 
 +
On May 12 1762, the battalion, who had been transferred to the Army of Saxony, fought in the [[1762-05-12 - Combat of Doebeln|Combat of Doebeln]] where it was attached to the centre right column led by Lieutenant-General Hans Wilhelm von Kanitz. At the end of July, the battalion took part in a brief raid in Bohemia under the command of [[Seydlitz, Friedrich Wilhelm von|Seydlitz]]. On August 2, it fought at the [[1762-08-02 – Combat of Teplitz|Combat of Teplitz]]. On October 29, it took part in the [[1762-10-29 - Battle of Freiberg|Battle of Freiberg]] where it was attached to the vanguard.
 
==Uniform==
 
==Uniform==
The grenadiers wore the uniform of their own regiments. For details about these uniforms, please refer to the articles related to regiments [[Markgraf Carl Infantry|Markgraf Carl Infantry]] and [[Kalckstein Infantry|von Kalckstein]].
+
The grenadiers wore the uniform of their own regiments. For details about these uniforms, please refer to the articles related to [[Markgraf Carl Infantry]] and [[Kalckstein Infantry]].
 +
 
 +
N.B.: For NCOs of the grenadier companies, the long pike (4,10 m long) was introduced in 1756 just before the war. This long pike was not very popular and was often shortened. At the beginning of the Seven Years' War and throughout the conflict, NCOs carried a mixture of M1713 (2,37 m long), M1755 (3 m long) and M1756 (4,10 m long) pikes.
 
===Mitre Caps===
 
===Mitre Caps===
 
{| border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="10"
 
{| border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="10"
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| width="50%"|[[Markgraf Carl Infantry]]: mitre with brass front plate; red headband piped with a white lace (white braid with a thin orange zigzaged embroidery) and decorated with brass ornaments; straw back with white piping (same lace as above); orange within white pompon
+
| width="50%"|[[Markgraf Carl Infantry]]: mitre with polished brass front plate; red headband piped with a white lace (white braid with a thin orange zigzag embroidery) and decorated with brass ornaments; straw back with white piping (same lace as above); orange within white pompom
||[[Kalckstein Infantry]]: mitre with yellow metal front plate; white headband with a white braid decorated with a white braid (regimental lace consisting of a white braid decorated with 6 thin blue lines) and decorated with yellow metal ornaments; red backing with white braid (same lace as above), red within yellow within white pompon
+
||[[Kalckstein Infantry]]: mitre with polished brass front plate; white headband with a white braid decorated with a white braid (regimental lace consisting of a white braid decorated with 6 thin blue lines) and decorated with brass ornaments; red backing with white braid (same lace as above), red within yellow within white pompom
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
|[[File:Markgraf Carl Infantry Mitre Cap.jpg|center|frame|IR19 Mitre Cap - Source: Digby Smith and [http://www.rf-figuren.de/ rf-figuren]]]
 
|[[File:Markgraf Carl Infantry Mitre Cap.jpg|center|frame|IR19 Mitre Cap - Source: Digby Smith and [http://www.rf-figuren.de/ rf-figuren]]]
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The converged grenadier battalions did not carry any colour.
 
The converged grenadier battalions did not carry any colour.
 
==References==
 
==References==
Fiedler, Siegfried; ''Grenadiermuetzen der Armee Friedrichs des Grossen'', Schild Verlag GmbH, Munich, 1981
+
Fiedler, Siegfried: ''Grenadiermuetzen der Armee Friedrichs des Grossen'', Schild Verlag GmbH, Munich, 1981
 +
 
 +
Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: ''Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen'', Part 3 ''Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763'', Vol. 1 ''Pirna und Lobositz'', Berlin, 1901, App. 2
  
Riehn, R.; ''Linear Tactics Part III - Grenadier Battalions 1756-1763'', The Courier Volume 2 No. 6, May-June 1981  
+
Riehn, R.: ''Linear Tactics Part III - Grenadier Battalions 1756-1763'', The Courier Volume 2 No. 6, May-June 1981  
  
Schirmer, Friedrich; ''Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756 - 1763''. Edited and published by ''KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V.,'' Magstadt: 1989, pp. 30-32
+
Schirmer, Friedrich: ''Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756 - 1763''. Edited and published by ''KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V.,'' Magstadt: 1989, pp. 30-32
  
 
N.B.: the section ''Service during the War'' is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.
 
N.B.: the section ''Service during the War'' is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.
  
 
[[Category:Prussian Land Unit]]
 
[[Category:Prussian Land Unit]]

Latest revision as of 06:42, 31 January 2015

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> 19/25 Ramin Grenadiers

Origin and History

At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, Frederick II converged the grenadier companies of his infantry into elite battalions. Thus the grenadiers from Markgraf Carl Infantry (2 coys) and Kalckstein Infantry (2 coys) were converged into Grenadier Battalion 19/25 counting four companies.

After the Battle of Kunersdorf in August 1759, this grenadier battalion was converged with Grenadier Battalion 13/26 till the Winter of 1761-62 when it was reconstituted as an independent battalion.

During the Seven Years' War, the battalion was commanded by:

  • since June 25 1756: Major F. E. von Ramin
  • from December 31 1757: Major P. B. von Heyden (died on August 22 1759 of wounds received at the Battle of Kunersdorf)
  • from the winter of 1761-62 (after reconstitution): Major Alexander Friedrich von Woldeck

Service during the War

On August 26 1756, when a Prussian army proceeded to the invasion of Saxony, the battalion was part of the centre column led by Frederick II. More precisely, it belonged to Margarve Karl's Corps. The centre column had concentrated in the area of Brietzen and advanced unopposed upstream along the Elbe River by Torgau and Wittenberg, leaving Meissen to its left. On September 6, it encamped at Rothschönberg and finally reached Wilsdruf.

In April 1757, the battalion took part in the invasion of Bohemia. On May 6, it did not take part in the Battle of Prague but was rather deployed on the left bank of the Moldau near the Weissenberg as part of Keith's Corps. At the end of August, the battalion was part of the small Prussian Army hastily assembled at Dresden by Frederick II to head towards Thuringia to offer battle to the Franco-Imperial Army invading Saxony. On November 5, at the Battle of Rossbach, the battalion was deployed in the first line of the infantry right wing under Lieutenant-General Ferdinand of Brunswick. On December 5 at the Battle of Leuthen, the battalion was deployed in the vanguard which successfully attacked the Austrian left flank.

In the Spring of 1758, the battalion took part in the unsuccessful invasion of Moravia. On June 21, the post of Kleinsenitz (present-day Senička), occupied only by Möhring Hussars (10 sqns), was reinforced by VI. "Standing" Grenadier Battalion (Rohr), I. "Standing" Grenadier Battalion (Wangenheim) and Grenadier Battalion 19/25 Heyden. This detachment was placed under the command of Major-general von Kreytzen and ordered to maintain communication with the field-hospital at Littau. On October 14, the regiment took part in the Battle of Hochkirch where it was initially deployed in Manteuffel's Corps on the extreme left flank of the Prussian positions. It was then sent to cover the defile of Rodewitz. Seeing the large Prussian battery near Rodewitz, defended by Wangenheim's grenadiers, on the verge of being captured, the battalion came to its rescue. These two Prussian battalions were finally forced to abandon the battery.

On August 12 1759, the battalion fought in the bloody Battle of Kunersdorf where it was deployed in the vanguard as part of Schenckendorff's Brigade. The battalion suffered so heavily that it was later combined with Grenadier Battalion 13/26 to form a single battalion. On September 21, this combined battalion took part in the Combat of Korbitz where it was deployed in the first line of the right wing under Lieutenant-General Finck. When Hadik advanced Brentano's Corps against the Prussian right, Finck replied by sending Rebentisch with 4 grenadier battalions, including this one, and Markgraf Carl Infantry against Brentano who was driven back. The combined battalion captured 11 guns.

On December 30 1761, during winter operations in Pomerania, the battalion took part in an unsuccessful attack on Malchin. On January 2 1762, during the Combat of Neu Kalen, the battalion was left behind at the bridge of Pisede near Malchin.

On May 12 1762, the battalion, who had been transferred to the Army of Saxony, fought in the Combat of Doebeln where it was attached to the centre right column led by Lieutenant-General Hans Wilhelm von Kanitz. At the end of July, the battalion took part in a brief raid in Bohemia under the command of Seydlitz. On August 2, it fought at the Combat of Teplitz. On October 29, it took part in the Battle of Freiberg where it was attached to the vanguard.

Uniform

The grenadiers wore the uniform of their own regiments. For details about these uniforms, please refer to the articles related to Markgraf Carl Infantry and Kalckstein Infantry.

N.B.: For NCOs of the grenadier companies, the long pike (4,10 m long) was introduced in 1756 just before the war. This long pike was not very popular and was often shortened. At the beginning of the Seven Years' War and throughout the conflict, NCOs carried a mixture of M1713 (2,37 m long), M1755 (3 m long) and M1756 (4,10 m long) pikes.

Mitre Caps

Markgraf Carl Infantry: mitre with polished brass front plate; red headband piped with a white lace (white braid with a thin orange zigzag embroidery) and decorated with brass ornaments; straw back with white piping (same lace as above); orange within white pompom Kalckstein Infantry: mitre with polished brass front plate; white headband with a white braid decorated with a white braid (regimental lace consisting of a white braid decorated with 6 thin blue lines) and decorated with brass ornaments; red backing with white braid (same lace as above), red within yellow within white pompom
IR19 Mitre Cap - Source: Digby Smith and rf-figuren
IR24 Mitre Cap - Source: Digby Smith and rf-figuren

Colours

The converged grenadier battalions did not carry any colour.

References

Fiedler, Siegfried: Grenadiermuetzen der Armee Friedrichs des Grossen, Schild Verlag GmbH, Munich, 1981

Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 1 Pirna und Lobositz, Berlin, 1901, App. 2

Riehn, R.: Linear Tactics Part III - Grenadier Battalions 1756-1763, The Courier Volume 2 No. 6, May-June 1981

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756 - 1763. Edited and published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt: 1989, pp. 30-32

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.