19/25 Ramin Grenadiers

From Project Seven Years War
Revision as of 05:15, 27 November 2014 by RCouture (Talk | contribs)

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> 19/25 Ramin Grenadiers

Origin and History

At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, Frederick II converged the grenadier companies of his infantry into elite battalions. Thus the grenadiers from Markgraf Carl Infantry (2 coys) and Kalckstein Infantry (2 coys) were converged into Grenadier Battalion 19/25 counting four companies.

After the Battle of Kunersdorf in August 1759, this grenadier battalion was converged with Grenadier Battalion 13/26 till the Winter of 1761-62 when it was reconstituted as an independent battalion.

During the Seven Years' War, the battalion was commanded by:

  • since 1756: Major F. E. von Ramin
  • from December 1757: Major P. B. von Heyden (died on August 22 1759 of wounds received at the Battle of Kunersdorf)
  • from the winter of 1761-62 (after reconstitution): Major Alexander Friedrich von Woldeck

Service during the War

On August 26 1756, when the Prussian army proceeded to the invasion of Saxony, the battalion was part of the centre column led by Frederick II. More precisely, it belonged to Margarve Karl's Corps. The centre column had concentrated in the area of Brietzen and advanced unopposed upstream along the Elbe River by Torgau and Wittenberg, leaving Meissen to its left. On September 6, it encamped at Rothschönberg and finally reached Wilsdruf.

In April 1757, the battalion took part in the invasion of Bohemia. On May 6, it did not take part to the Battle of Prague. It was rather deployed on the left bank of the Moldau near the Weissenberg as part of Keith's Corps. At the end of August, the battalion was part of the small Prussian Army hastily assembled at Dresden by Frederick II to head towards Thuringia to offer battle to the Franco-Imperial Army invading Saxony. On November 5, at the Battle of Rossbach, the battalion was deployed in the first line of the infantry right wing under Lieutenant-general Ferdinand of Brunswick. On December 5 at the Battle of Leuthen, the battalion was deployed in the vanguard which successfully attacked the Austrian left flank.

On October 14 1758, the regiment took part in the Battle of Hochkirch where it was initially deployed in Manteuffel's Corps on the extreme left flank of the Prussian positions. It was then sent to cover the defile of Rodewitz. Seeing the large Prussian battery near Rodewitz, defended by Wangenheim's grenadiers, on the verge of being captured, the battalion came to its rescue. These two Prussian battalions were finally forced to abandon the battery.

On August 12 1759, the battalion fought in the bloody Battle of Kunersdorf where it was deployed in the vanguard as part of Schenckendorff's Brigade. The battalion suffered so heavily that it was later combined with Grenadier Battalion 13/26 to form a single battalion. On September 21, this combined battalion took part in the Combat of Korbitz where it was deployed in the first line of the right wing under Lieutenant-general Finck. When Hadik advanced Brentano's Corps against the Prussian right, Finck replied by sending Rebentisch with 4 grenadier battalions, including this one, and Markgraf Carl Infantry against Brentano who was driven back. The combined battalion captured 11 guns.

To do: campaigns from 1760 to 1762

Uniform

The grenadiers wore the uniform of their own regiments. For details about these uniforms, please refer to the articles related to regiments Markgraf Carl Infantry and von Kalckstein.

Mitre Caps

Markgraf Carl Infantry: mitre with brass front plate; red headband piped with a white lace (white braid with a thin orange zigzaged embroidery) and decorated with brass ornaments; straw back with white piping (same lace as above); orange within white pompon Kalckstein Infantry: mitre with yellow metal front plate; white headband with a white braid decorated with a white braid (regimental lace consisting of a white braid decorated with 6 thin blue lines) and decorated with yellow metal ornaments; red backing with white braid (same lace as above), red within yellow within white pompon
IR19 Mitre Cap - Source: Digby Smith and rf-figuren
IR24 Mitre Cap - Source: Digby Smith and rf-figuren

Colours

The converged grenadier battalions did not carry any colour.

References

Fiedler, Siegfried; Grenadiermuetzen der Armee Friedrichs des Grossen, Schild Verlag GmbH, Munich, 1981

Riehn, R.; Linear Tactics Part III - Grenadier Battalions 1756-1763, The Courier Volume 2 No. 6, May-June 1981

Schirmer, Friedrich; Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756 - 1763. Edited and published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt: 1989, pp. 30-32

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.