19th Light Horse

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> British Army >> 19th Light Horse

Origin and History

The regiment was created on the 7h of December 1759 by the Earl of Drogheda. Raised at Moore Abbey, in Monasterevin County Kildare, in Ireland. The unit was originally designated as the “19th Light Dragoons” although it was more commonly known as the “The Drogheda Light Horse”.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • from 1759: Lieutenant Colonel Charles Moore, 6th Earl of Drogheda

The regiment was renumbered in 1763 as 18th regiment of Light Dragoons. In 1766, the regiment was renumbered the “4th Regiment of Light Dragoons” but changed back to its original number (18th) in 1768.

Service during the War

In 1760: Lord Drogheda's Light Horse set out from Dublin to combat the French Admiral, Francois Thurot's, force of 1500+ soldiers and sailors who had captured the town of Carrickfergus in a diversionary raid.

Uniform

We have not found any primary source describing the uniform of this regiment. Several part of our description are assumptions based on the uniforms of the regiments of dragoons.

Privates

File:19th Light Horse Uniform Plate.jpg
Uniform in 1760 - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Uniform in 1760
Headgear gold or copper helmet; the front plate with brown fur and a red semi oval plate decorated with a black skull and two black bones + underneath the Motto "Or Glory"; red horsehair tail; brown fur band round the base of the helmet
Neck stock black
Coat short double breasted red with silver buttons and eight square loops set in pairs.
Collar black
Shoulder strap left shoulder: white epaulette
Lapels black half lapels with eight square loops set in pairs
Pockets vertical pocket with three chevron loops
Cuffs black (slashed in the British pattern) with silver buttons and three chevron-lace loops above.
Turnbacks black
Waistcoat white with very narrow white buttonholes
Breeches white with white knee covers
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt buff leather slung over the left shoulder
Waistbelt n/a
Cartridge Box buff leather pouch
Scabbard n/a
Bayonet scabbard n/a
Footgear light calf-length black boots
Horse Furniture
Housings white with rounded corners decorated with the designation of the regiment “XVII LD” (for light dragoons) on a red ground within a small wreath of roses and thistles; bordered with a braid (1/3 black on the middle and two 1/3 red stripes, one on either side)
Holster caps white decorated with the "GR" cypher; bordered with a braid (1/3 black on the middle and two 1/3 red stripes, one on either side)
n/a


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of shortened pistols and shortened musket and, probably, a bayonet.

Officers

As per the regulation of 1751, the officers wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:

  • a narrow silver lace at the lapels, cuffs and pockets
  • a crimson silk sash worn over the left shoulder
  • crimson and silver striped sword knot
  • ?deep green? housings and holster caps laced silver

NCOs

Sergeants were distinguished by a narrow silver lace on the lapels, cuffs and pockets; a silver aiguillette; a black worsted sash about their waist.

Corporals were distinguished by a narrow silver lace on the cuffs and shoulder strap; white silk aiguillette.

Musicians

Drummers rode grey horses. They wore ?colour? coats lined and turned up with ?colour? and laced with the regimental braid (unknown). Red waistcoats and breeches.

Drummers wore a mitre cap similar to the grenadier mitre cap but with a lower crown and the tassel hanging behind. ?colour? front decorated with a trophy of guidons and drums; little frontal red flap with the White Horse and the the motto “Nec aspera terrent”; ?colour? backing, ?colour? headband with a drum and the initials of the regiment (XIX LD) in the middle part behind.

The drums were of brass with a white forepart carrying the initials of the regiment (XIX LD) in silver characters on a crimson ground within a wreath of roses and thistles on the same stalk.

Colours

We have not found any primary source describing the colours of this regiment. Several part of our description are assumptions based on the colours of the regiments of dragoons.

The guidons were made of silk, fringed in silver and embroidered with silver. The tassels and cords were of crimson silk and gold mixed.

King's Guidon: crimson decorated with the rose and thistle conjoined surmounted by a crown. Underneath the central decoration: the king's motto “Dieu et mon Droit”. In the first and fourth corners the White Horse in a compartment. In the second and third corners: the initials of the regiment (XIX LD) in silver characters on a black ground.

Regimental Guidon: black field with its centre decorated with the initials of the regiment (XIX LD) in silver characters on a red ground within a wreath of roses and thistles on the same stalk. In the first and fourth corners the White Horse in a red compartment. In the second and third corners: the Rose and Thistle conjoined upon a red ground.

King's Guidon - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Regimental Guidon - Source: Frédéric Aubert

References

To do: enumerate sources