1st Fusilier Regiment

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Russian Army >> 1st Fusilier Regiment

Origin and History

At the beginning of 1760, when the entire Observation Corps was disbanded, its troops were incorporated into the field artillery as fusiliers. In the Russian army, the term “fusilier” designated infantrymen assigned to the escort and protection of artillery.

The regiment counted 9 companies and was also known as the "Grenadier Fusilier Regiment"

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • no information available yet

Service during the War

no information available yet

To do: campaigns from 1760 to 1762

Uniform

All Russian regular fusilier regiments wore the same uniforms as the artillery.

Privates

Uniform Details
Headgear
Fusilier not applicable
Grenadier mitre (probably Prussian style) with a 13.36 cm high and 10.8 cm wide brass front plate embossed with a central grenade with 4 belts surmounted by the Imperial double-headed Eagle chaged with the Cyrillic letter "P" and surrounded by 3 other hand-grenades; light blue back laced orange
Neckstock black
Coat light blue with 8 copper buttons and 8 narrow white buttonholes on each side and 2 copper buttons (one on each side) in the small of the back

N.B.: During summer campaigns, the coat was not worn, being left with the baggage.

Collar black
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets none
Cuffs orange with 3 copper buttons
Turnbacks orange, each fastened with a copper button
Waistcoat long sleeved orange waistcoat with 9 copper buttons, and with 2 en patte d'oie pockets each with 3 copper buttons
Breeches white
Gaiters black leather with 10 large copper buttons (white Manschetten), white gaiters for parade
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt red leather
Waistbelt red leather
Cartridge Box red leather covered with a white plate carrying guns and the cyrilic letters P and F
Bayonet Scabbard ???
Scabbard black leather with copper fittings
Footgear black shoes with blunt end


During winter, fusiliers wore knee-length red cape.

Troopers were armed with a musket, a bayonet and a sabre.

NCOs

NCOs wore the same uniform as the troopers with the following distinctions:

  • 14 buttons on each side of the coat and 3 copper buttons on each side in the small of the back
  • white buttonholes with silver loops

Officers

Officers wore silver laced tricorne with red silk cockades and gold tassels .

Officer’s coat was similar to other rank’s but with the following differences:

  • orange lapels
  • silver buttons with narrow silver buttonholes (same number as for privates)
  • suede gloves.
  • no turnbacks
  • orange breeches
  • gold Manschetten
  • golden sword knot with with silken red and light blue tassel

Officers also carried a sword suspended to a red leather belt.

Staff officers wore a black and gold sash.

Musicians

Drummers wore the same uniform as the troopers with swallow nests on shoulders and braids on cuffs, pockets and collar.

Drums were made in copper, the coat of arms of Russia engraved in the front, bordered in red and black, red and white cords.

N.B.: During summer campaigns, the coat was not worn, being left with the baggage.

Colours

no information available yet

References

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756 - 1763. Edited and published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt, 1989.

Zweguintzow W., Russkaja armija, czast 1-ja 1700-1763, Paris, 1967, p. 72.

Acknowledgments

Tomasz Karpiński from Gniezno/Poznań for the initial version of this article