1st Pandur

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Origin and History

Musketeer and grenadier of the 1st Pandur - Source: Richard Knötel Uniformkunde

The regiment was raised on December 24 1751 by the regimentation of 20 companies of pandurs, each of the 20 administrative districts of Novaia Serbia (a recent settlement of Serbian immigrants on the right bank of the Dnieper in Southern Ukraine) providing a company. This unit did not belong to the regular army.

In 1752, 5 of the 20 companies were transformed into companies of grenadiers.

As per the work of the German Grosser Generalstab, the regiment counted 4,000 men (200 men per company).

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • no information available yet


Service during the War

no information available yet

Uniform

The uniform of the pandurs of Novaia Serbia was not formally regulated. Our tentative reconstruction is based on Viscovatov. In his work, all regiments of pandurs are given the same uniform.

Privates

Uniform in 1760 - Source: Richard Couture from a template by David of Not By Appointment
Uniform Details
Headgear
Fusilier black shako ornamented with a frontal copper plate bearing the Arms of Russian
Grenadier black shako ornamented with a larger frontal copper plate bearing the monogram of Tsarina Elizabeth Petrovna and an allegory representing Novaia Serbia
Neckstock black
Coat black edged red with red cords and copper buttons
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets no information available
Cuffs red
Turnbacks none
Cloak red (not illustrated)
Waistcoat green edged red with red cords and copper buttons
Breeches tight red breeches
Gaiters none
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt black leather
Waistbelt wide red barrel sash
Cartridge Box black leather (grenadiers carried a black grenade-box instead)
Bayonet Scabbard none
Scabbard black leather with copper fittings
Footgear short black boots (yellow for parade)


Troopers were armed with a musket and a sabre.

N.B.: Schirmer also mentions 2 pistols and a bayonet.

NCOs

NCO's wore the same uniform and armament as privates with the following differences:

  • red cuffs edged gold (1 braid for the quartermaster, 2 braids for the senior corporal)

Corporals wore the same uniform as privates without any distinction.

Officers

Officers wore a completely different uniform:

  • a green coat edged gold with golden cords and buttons with red cuffs
  • red waistcoat edged gold with golden cords and buttons
  • tight red breeches
  • short yellow boots

Officers were armed with a sabre and a pair of pistols.

Musicians

Drummers wore the same uniform as the troopers with swallow nests on shoulders. Fifers of the companies of grenadiers were similarly dressed.

Colours

no information available yet

References

Gromoboy, Vlad: The Russian Pandours - Pandour Hussars (1741-61), in Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. XII No. 1

Großer Generalstab, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher): Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen. Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 4 Groß-Jägersdorf und Breslau, Berlin 1902

  • chapter A: Das Kaiserlich Russiche Heer, page 1-46
  • appendix: supplement 1, Das Kaiserlich Russiche Heer, page 3-18

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756 - 1763. Edited and published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt, 1989.

Vial J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar

Viskovatov, A.V.: Istoritsheskoe opisanie odezhdy i voisk, vol. 3, St. Petersburg 1844-1856 Viskovatov

Zweguintzow W.: Russkaja armija, czast 1-ja 1700-1763, Paris, 1967, p. 72.