1st Terço Auxiliar do Porto
Origin and History
In Portugal on the eve of the Seven Years War, the term “Auxiliary Infantry” designated militia units. In 1762, at the beginning of military operations, the northern provinces and the province of Alentejo were requested to raise a few auxiliary companies or regiments of horse and foot.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:
- in 1762: mestre de campo Beleza
The unit was disbanded at the end of the conflict.
Service during the War
No information available yet about the service of the regiment during the Seven Years' War
|Coat||medium blue lined red with one yellow button under the right lapel and one yellow button on each side in the small of the back
|Waistcoat||red with 2 rows of yellow buttons; horizontal pockets, each with 3 yellow buttons|
|Breeches||medium blue with brass buttons and buckles|
|Gaiters||white with brass buttons|
Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet.
The officers wore a uniform very similar to the one worn by privates with the following distinctions:
- a gold laced tricorne
- a thin gold lace at the collar
- red waistcoat edged gold with 2 rows of yellow buttons; gold edged pockets
- officer stick of natural wood with a silver handle with a silver cord and tassel
- sword (golden hilt with a silver tassel; black scabbard with golden locket and chape)
The drummers of the regiment wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following differences:
- gold laced seams, collar, cuffs, pockets and lapels with 4 horizontal golden laces on the sleeves
- all buttons on the coat and waistcoat had yellow buttonholes
- gold edged waistcoat with gold laced horizontal pockets
The drum barrel was light brown with black cords.
The exact pattern of the Portuguese colonel colours during the Seven Years' War is unknown.
The ordonnance colours were chosen by the colonel of the regiment. For the moment, we have found no source depicting specific colours for this regiment.
Please refer to our article on the Portuguese Line Infantry Colours for more information.
Amaral, Manuel, O Exértico Português em finais do Antiguo Regime
Kirby, Mike, The Portuguese Army - Seven Years War, Seven Years War Association Journal, Vol. XII No. 3
Moskowich, Emilio; Portuguese Army in SYW, 1st ed., March 2006
Ribeiro Rodrigues, Manuel A.; 300 Anos de Uniformes Militares do Exército de Portugal 1660-1960, Exército Portugués and Sociedade Historica da Independéncia de Portugal, 1998
Manuel Ribeiro Rodrigues, Joseph O'Neill and Juan José Torres and the Asociación Cultural de Modelismo Histórico Alabarda for the information and counselling provided for this article.