2nd Novo Corte Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Portuguese Army >> 2nd Novo Corte Infantry

Origin and History

The unit was raised in 1659 as the “Terço Novo da Guarnição da Corte”. On November 24 1707, it became the regiment of colonel count do Prado.

In September 1762, the regiment was divided into two distinct units: the 1st and 2nd Novo Corte regiments. The 2nd regiment was also known as the “2nd Lisboa”.

During the Seven Years' War, this 2nd regiment was under the command of:

  • 1762: count da Ponte

On May 10 1763, the two unit were reunited into a single regiment under the name of “Regimento do Conde do Prado”.

Service during the War

At the beginning of the campaign of 1762, the regiment was assigned to the main Anglo-Portuguese army where it was deployed in the second line of the infantry centre. In October, the regiment reinforced the detachment of brigadier Fraser. On October 21, the regiment was still part of Fraser's detachment who was occupying the heights between Mação and Val da Velha.

Uniform

Traditionally, since about 1660, the Portuguese infantry wore dark blue uniforms. During the War of Spanish Succession (1701-1714) almost all infantry units wore alvadia (light gray uniforms). These new uniforms were introduced for economic reasons, this type of fabric being much cheaper.

It is now believed that, from 1750, there was a progressive abandon of alvadia uniforms and a return to more traditional Portuguese uniforms. However, it seems that most of the changeover took part sometime after 1759 since, till this date, cloth orders indicated white as the most common colour.

At the outbreak of the war in 1762, there was neither enough uniforms nor cloth for recruits in military warehouses, so it was necessary to use all cloth available. Besides, as there was no central warehouse, every colonel was responsible for the ordering of uniforms. Therefore the fabric was bought from contractors who would cut and turned it into uniforms "more or less" along the official lines.

It must also be noted that the use of gaiters was introduced into the Portuguese infantry only in 1762.

Privates

The following reconstruction is based on very few information. We only know that this regiment wore light blue uniform with light blue as distinctive colour. The colour of buttons is assumed to be white. We do not mention buttonholes but there might have been some.

Uniform of privates in 1762 - Source: Ibrahim90
Uniform Details as per
the book 300 Anos de Uniformes Militares do Exército de Portugal 1660-1960
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white, probably with a light cockade
Grenadier black bearskins probably with a red flame piped with a thin white lace.
Neckstock white
Coat light blue lined light blue with one white button on each side in the small of the back
Collar light blue
Shoulder Straps light blue with a small white button
Lapels light blue with white buttons
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 white buttons
Cuffs light blue with 3 white buttons
Turnbacks light blue
Waistcoat light blue with white buttons and horizontal pockets (also with white buttons)
Breeches light blue
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard none


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet.

Officers

no information available

Musicians

no information available

Colours

The exact pattern of the Portuguese colonel colours during the Seven Years' War is unknown.

The ordonnance colours were chosen by the colonel of the regiment. For the moment, we have found no source depicting specific colours for this regiment.

Please refer to our article on the Portuguese Line Infantry Colours for more information.

References

Amaral, Manuel, O Exértico Português em finais do Antiguo Regime

Ribeiro Rodrigues, Manuel A.; 300 Anos de Uniformes Militares do Exército de Portugal 1660-1960, Exército Portugués and Sociedade Historica da Independéncia de Portugal, 1998

Acknowledgment

Manuel Ribeiro Rodrigues and Joseph O'Neill for the information and counselling provided for this article.