2nd Novoserbskiy Hussars

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Origin and History

From 1720, but mostly after the annexation of Serbia to the Ottoman Empire in 1739, many Serbians emigrated to southern Russia and Ukraine.

On December 24 1751, Horvat, a former lieutenant-colonel in the Austrian service, was allowed to establish a separate Serbian settlement, called New Serbia, in Southern Ukraine. In exchange for land along the border with the Crimean Tartars (on the right bank of the Dniepr, between the rivers Kavarlyk and Amelnik, around Novomirgorod), these newcomers had to serve during wartime. As the Cossacks, New Serbia had its own administrative and military organisations and kept its customs and traditions. It counted 20 districts.

Military service was extended to all adult male population: half always being on active service, patrolling the borders. Each district had to supply one company of hussars and one company of light infantry. The 1st Novoserbskiy Hussars were created in December 1751 at the same time as New Serbia. One month later, on January 11 1752, the 2nd Novoserbskiy Hussars were raised. As the first regiment, they were organised in 20 companies (approx. 4,000 men, including non-combatants): 10 active and 10 in reserve.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • no information found yet

Service during the War

Some sources mention that the regiment was not engaged in any European campaign during the war and remained in New Serbia. However, in January 1758, a squadron of the regiment is mentioned as taking part in the the invasion of East Prussia. In July of the same year, it also took part in the invasion of Brandenburg. On September 11, during the retreat of the Russian army after the battle of Zorndorf, this squadron was part of Rumyantsev's Corps who made a junction with the main army at Landsberg and encamped on the left bank of the Wartha.

To do: more details on the campaigns from 1760 to 1762

Uniform

Viscovatov indicates that Horvat Hussars had the same uniform as the Moldavskiy Hussars. Therefore, we reproduce hereafter the entire description of the uniform of this field hussar regiment.

Privates

Uniform in 1757
Source: David at Not By Appointment
Uniform Details
Headgear black kolback with a red bag and red cords, knots and tassels
Neck stock black
Pelisse blue
Fur trim black
Lace 8 red braids
Buttons brass
Dolman red with 8 blue braids and brass buttons
Collar red edged blue
Cuffs red edged with a blue chevron
Breeches red decorated with intricate blue loops
Cloak unknown colour
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt black leather
Waist-sash black and red barrel sash
Scabbard black leather with iron fittings
Boots black Hungarian boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth blue with yellow wolf tooth edging
Sabretache blue, wearing a red “EP” monogram and bordered with a red lace


Troopers were armed with a short, curved sabre and two pistols (no carbine). Zweguintzov mentions that Russian hussars also carried a carbine.

Officers

Officers wore uniforms identical to those of the troopers with the following differences:

  • gold cords and lace
  • yellow Hungarian boots
  • pelisse trimmed with grey fur

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms identical to those of the troopers with the following differences:

  • gold cords, knots and tassels on the kolback
  • gold lace
  • a golden braid on the border of the collar
  • golden braids on the sleeve (2 for the vakhmistr, 1 for quartermaster)

Musicians

There was 1 kettle-drummer for the regiment and 1 trumpeter for each of the 10 companies. They wore uniforms identical to those of the troopers with the following differences:

  • small wings on the shoulders
  • braids of an unknown colour

Trumpets and kettle drums were made of copper and decorated with red (maybe blue) lace and cords.

Colours

Russian hussar regiments carried no standards during the Seven Years' War.

References

Gromoboy, Vlad: The Russian Pandours - Pandour Hussars (1741-61), Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. XII No. 1

Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 4 Groß-Jägersdorf und Breslau, Berlin, 1902, Appendix 1

Konstam A. & Younghusband B.: Russian Army of the Seven Years War, Osprey, London, 1996

Vial, J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar

Viskovatov, A. V.: Historical Description of the Clothing and Arms of the Russian Army

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.