3rd Pandur

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Origin and History

Grenadier of the 3rd Pandur - Source: Richard Knötel Uniformkunde

The regiment was raised on June 13 1759 in Novaia Serbia (a recent settlement of Serbian immigrants on the right bank of the Dnieper in Southern Ukraine) to garrison Novomirgorod, the administrative centre of the province, and thus strengthen the garrisons on the southern border of Russia after the departure of several regiments of regulars for East Prussia and Brandenburg. The newly raised garrison battalion consisted of 1 company of grenadiers and 3 companies of pandurs for a total of about 350 men.

As per the work of the German Grosser Generalstab, the regiment initially counted 350 men and was rapidly increased to 900 men in 1760.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • no information available yet


Service during the War

no information available yet

Uniform

The uniform of the pandurs of Novaia Serbia was not formally regulated. Our tentative reconstruction is based on Viscovatov. In his work, all regiments of pandurs are given the same uniform.

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Richard Couture from a template by David of Not By Appointment
Uniform Details
Headgear
Fusilier black shako ornamented with a frontal copper plate bearing the Arms of Russian
Grenadier black shako ornamented with a larger frontal copper plate bearing the monogram of Tsarina Elizabeth Petrovna and an allegory representing Novaia Serbia
Neckstock black
Coat light blue edged red with red cords and copper buttons
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets no information available
Cuffs red
Turnbacks none
Cloak red (not illustrated)
Waistcoat red edged light blue with light blue cords and copper buttons
Breeches tight red breeches
Gaiters none
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt black leather
Waistbelt wide light blue barrel sash
Cartridge Box black leather (grenadiers carried a black grenade-box instead)
Bayonet Scabbard none
Scabbard black leather with copper fittings
Footgear short black boots (yellow for parade)


Troopers were armed with a musket and a sabre.

N.B.: Schirmer also mentions 2 pistols and a bayonet.

NCOs

NCO's wore the same uniform and armament as privates with the following differences:

  • red cuffs edged gold (1 braid for the quartermaster, 2 braids for the senior corporal)

Corporals wore the same uniform as privates without any distinction.

Officers

Officers wore a completely different uniform:

  • a light blue coat edged gold with golden cords and buttons with red cuffs
  • red waistcoat edged gold with golden cords and buttons
  • a wide black and gold barrel sash
  • tight red breeches
  • short yellow boots

Officers were armed with a sabre and a pair of pistols.

Musicians

Drummers wore the same uniform as the troopers with swallow nests on shoulders. Fifers of the companies of grenadiers were similarly dressed.

Colours

no information available yet

References

Gromoboy, Vlad: The Russian Pandours - Pandour Hussars (1741-61), in Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. XII No. 1

Großer Generalstab, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher): Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen. Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 4 Groß-Jägersdorf und Breslau, Berlin 1902

  • chapter A: Das Kaiserlich Russiche Heer, page 1-46
  • appendix: supplement 1, Das Kaiserlich Russiche Heer, page 3-18

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756 - 1763. Edited and published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt, 1989.

Vial J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar

Viskovatov, A.V.: Istoritsheskoe opisanie odezhdy i voisk, vol. 3, St. Petersburg 1844-1856 Viskovatov

Zweguintzow W.: Russkaja armija, czast 1-ja 1700-1763, Paris, 1967, p. 72.