41st Foot

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> British Army >> 41st Foot

Origin and History

This regiment of 10 companies of “Invalids” (in fact, pensioners whether disabled or not, from independent companies of invalids and from Chelsea out-pensioners) was raised for garrison duty on March 11 1719 by Colonel Edmund Fielding, a veteran of Marlborough's wars. The regiment was initially designated as “Colonel Edmund Fielding's Regiment of Invalids”. The 3 first companies were raised in a matter of 5 days and were assigned to garrison duties at Portsmouth, relieving the Foot Guards. Detachments were also stationed at Plymouth and on the Island of Jersey.

In 1741, the regiment was renamed the “Royal Invalids”.

On July 1 1751, when a Royal warrant reorganised the British infantry, the regiment was designated as the “41st Regiment of Foot, or Invalids”.

During the Seven Years's War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • since March 11 1719: Colonel Edmund Fielding
  • from 1743: Colonel Wardour
  • from 17??: Colonel John Parsons

In 1787, the regiment ceased to comprise invalids and became a conventional line regiment, dropping the title.

Service during the War

The regiment assumed garrison duties throughout the war.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1756 - Source: Richard Couture from a template by Frédéric Aubert
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with a black cockade (left side)
Grenadier British mitre with: a blue front decorated with drums and bells of arms and with the regimental badge (the Rose and Thistle on a Red ground within the Garter, and Crown over it); a small red front flap with the white horse of Hanover surmounted by the motto "Nec aspera terrent"; red back; a blue headband probably wearing the number 41 in the middle part behind ; white pompom
Neckstock white
Coat brick red lined blue without lace with 10 white buttons on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder Straps red fastened with a white button (left shoulder)
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets without lace, each with 3 pewter buttons
Cuffs blue (slashed in the British pattern) without lace with 2 white buttons
Turnbacks blue
Waistcoat blue without lace
Breeches blue
Gaiters white with black buttons
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black
Footgear black shoes


Troopers were armed with with a "Brown Bess" muskets, a bayonet and a sword.

Officers

Officers of the regiment wore the same uniforms as the private soldiers but with the following differences

  • silver gorget around the neck
  • an aiguilette on the right shoulder
  • a crimson sash

Officers wore the same headgear as the private soldiers under their command; however, officers of the grenadier company wore a more decorated mitre cap.

Officers generally carried a spontoon.

Musicians

According to the Royal Clothing Warrant of 1751:

The drummers of the regiment wore the royal livery. They were clothed in red, lined, faced, and lapelled on the breast with blue, and laced with the royal lace (golden braid with two thin purple central stripes).
The front or fore part of the drums was painted blue, with the regimental badge (the Rose and Thistle on a red ground, within the Garter, and Crown over it), and the number “XLI” under it. The rims were red.

Colours

King's Colour: Union with its centre decorated the regimental badge (the Rose and Thistle on a red ground, within the Garter, and Crown over it). The regiment number "XLI" in Roman gold numerals in the upper left corner.

Regimental Colour: blue field; centre device consisting the regimental badge (the Rose and Thistle on a red ground, within the Garter, and Crown over it); the Union in the upper left corner; the crowned royal cipher in the 3 other corners. The regiment number "XLI" in Roman gold numerals superposed to the Union in the upper left corner.

King's Colour - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Regimental Colour - Source: Frédéric Aubert

References

Aylor, Ron, British Regimental Drums and Colours

Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

George II, The Royal Clothing Warrant, 1751

Lawson, Cecil C. P., A History of the Uniforms of the British Army - from the Beginnings to 1760, vol. II, p. 90-103

Mills, T. F., Land Forces of Britain the Empire and Commonwealth (an excellent website which unfortunately seems to have disappeared from the web)

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756 - 1763. Edited and published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt, 1989

Wikipedia 41st (Welch) Regiment of Foot