Origin and History
The regiment was raised on August 24 1758 by Colonel Worge as a second battalion for the 76th Foot to serve in Africa. The battalion was soon separated from its parent regiment to become a new regiment numbered 86th.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:
- from August 1758 to 1763: Colonel Worge
The regiment was disbanded in 1763.
Service during the War
The regiment did not take part in any campaign during the Seven Years' War. However, it was sent in Africa to reinforce the 76th Foot occupying Sénégal.
Very few information is available about the uniform of this regiment: its distinctive colour was deep orange and its regimental braid white with a black stripe. The uniform illustrated below is based on these sole details, other details have been reconstructed based on the hypothesis that the uniform followed the instructions of the Royal Clothing Warrant of 1751.
|Coat||brick red lined deep orange and laced white (white with a central black stripe) with 3 pewter buttons and 3 white buttonholes (same lace as above) under the lapel
|Waistcoat||brick red laced white (same lace as above)|
|Gaiters||white with black buttons|
black during campaigns
Troopers were armed with a “Brown Bess” muskets, a bayonet and a sword.
Officers of the regiment probably wore the same uniforms as the private soldiers but with the following differences
- silver gorget around the neck
- a silver aiguilette on the right shoulder
- silver lace instead of normal lace
- a crimson sash
Officers wore the same headgear as the private soldiers under their command; however, officers of the grenadier company wore a more decorated mitre cap.
Officers generally carried a spontoon, however, in battle some carried muskets instead.
If this new regiment abided by the Royal Clothing Warrant of 1751:
- The drummers of the regiment were clothed in deep orange, lined, faced, and lapelled on the breast with red, and laced in such manner as the colonel shall think fit for distinction sake, the lace, however, was of the colours of that on the soldiers' coats.
- The front or fore part of the drums was painted deep orange, with the king's cypher and crown, and the number “LXXXVI” under it. The rims were red.
Once more, if this new regiment abided by the Royal Clothing Warrant of 1751, its colours would have looked like those illustrated hereafter.
King's Colour: Union with its centre decorated with a rose and thistle wreath around the regiment number "LXXXVI" in gold Roman numerals.
Regimental Colour: deep orange field; centre device consisting of a rose and thistle wreath around the regiment number "LXXXVI" in gold Roman numerals. The Union in the upper left corner.
Fortescue, J. W.: A History of the British Army Vol. II, MacMillan, London, 1899
Mills, T. F., Land Forces of Britain the Empire and Commonwealth (an excellent website which unfortunately does not seem to be online any more)
Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756 - 1763. Edited and published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt, 1989
Wikipedia - 76th Regiment of Foot
United Services Magazine 1863, Issue 3
Digby Smith for information provided on this junior regiment.