Antiguo de Reding Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army >> Antiguo de Reding Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in the canton of Schwiz in 1742. In 1743, the regiment counted 2 battalions.

Contrarily to the Spanish infantry regiments, the Swiss regiments had no company of grenadiers. A corporal and 12 grenadiers being included into each company of the regiment. However, in case of need, it was possible to form an ad hoc company of grenadiers. For this purpose, a captain, a lieutenant and a sub-lieutenant of grenadiers were attached to each Swiss regiment.

When the Swiss infantry was reorganised in 1756, the regiment counted 2 battalions, of 4 companies each. This reorganisation was completed only in 1758.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • 1742: Carlos Reding

Service during the War

No information available yet about the service of the regiment during the Seven Years' War

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Ibrahim90
Uniform Details as per
the Album de Taccoli of 1759
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with a black cockade fastened with a white button
Grenadier black bearskins with a probably yellow flame
Neckstock white
Coat dark blue with 6 white buttons on the right side below the lapel
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels yellow with 10 white buttons
Pockets horizontal pockets with 6 small white buttons
Cuffs yellow with 3 white buttons
Turnbacks yellow probably with blue “heart-shaped” fastener
Waistcoat yellow with white buttons
Breeches dark blue
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard brown


Armaments consisted of a musket, a bayonet and a sword (brass hilt).

Officers

The colonel, lieutenant-colonel, sargentos mayores and officers carried a spontoon and an officer stick. They used to hang this stick at the second button of the coat. The type of handle of the officer stick was different for each rank:

  • gold for the colonel
  • silver for the lieutenant-colonel
  • silver (but only one finger wide) for the Sargento Mayor and the captains
  • ivory for assistants, lieutenants and for the chaplain
  • wooden with a silver ring for sub-lieutenants

Sergeants carried a halberd instead of a spontoon. Furthermore, their officer stick had no handle.

Musicians

no information available yet

Colours

According to the regulation of 1749, the coronela (colonel flag) of each Swiss regiment was white and carried the royal arms in its centre (the arms of Charles III probably surrounded by the necklace of the order of the Toison de Oro).

The batallonas (ordonnance flags) of the regiment were yellow with a red Burgundian cross terminated in each corner by 5 flames (blue, white, red, white, blue).

Colonel Colour - Source: Richard Couture
Ordonnance Colour - Source: PMPdeL

References

Album de Taccoli, 1759

Clonard, Conde de, Álbum de la Infantería española, 1861

Ministerio de Defensa, El Ejército de Fernando VI, Madrid, 1993, pp. 134-143

Acknowledgment

Juan José Torres and the Asociación Cultural de Modelismo Histórico Alabarda for the information and counselling provided for this article.