Arc-en-Ciel (50)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> Arc-en-Ciel (50)

Origin and History

The ship was built by Pierre Morineau at Bayonne in Aquitaine, starting in 1744, and launched in 1745.

During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:

  • in the French Navy
    • 'in 1756: M. de Blingham
  • in the British Navy
    • from February 1757: Captain John Rous
    • from 1758 to 1759: Captain Henry Martin

The ship was sold by the British Navy at Chatham on September 6, 1759.

Service during the War

On April 20, 1756, the ship sailed from Brest laden with provisions and recruits destined for Louisbourg. She was armed en flûte and reduced to 20 guns. On June 12, she was taken in fight by the Lichfield (50) and Norwich (50), in sight of the Centurion (60) and Fougueux (64).

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 50
1st deck 24 x 18-pdrs
2nd deck 26 x 8-pdrs
Crew 365 men (350 men when in the British service)
Length 143 ft 10 in (43.85 m)
Width 39 ft 6 in (12.04 m)
Depth 19 ft 3 in (5.88 m)
Displacement 800 tons

References

Clowes, Wm. Laird, The Royal Navy – A History from the Earliest Time to the Present, Vol. III, Sampson Low, Marston and Company, London: 1898, p. 293

Dull, Jopnathan R.: The French Navy and the Seven Years' War, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2005, p. 56.

Harrison, Simon and Manuel Blasco, 3 Decks

Montcalm: Journal du Marquis de Montcalm durant ses campagnes en Canada de 1756 à 1759, Quebec: L.-J Demers & Frere, 1985, p 185

The English Reports, Vol. CLXVII, p. 525 

Acknowledgement

Charles Mayhood for additional information on this ship