Austrian Grand Staff

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Origin and History

Uniforms in 1751 – Source: Rudolf Ottenfeld 1895

Austria had rather unusual rank designations for general officers. The following table lists these ranks in descending order with their abbreviation and their equivalent in other contemporary armies.

General Officers Ranking
Rank Abbreviation Equivalent rank in other armies Remarks
General-Lieutenant Gen-Lieut   Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine (aka Lothringen) – brother of Emperor Franz and thus brother-in-law to Maria Theresia - was the only holder of this rank during the timeframe of the Seven Years' War. Before him Prince Eugène de Savoie and Charles' brother Franz himself had been the last General-Lieutenants.
Feldmarshall FM Field-marshal normally the highest rank of the Habsburg military authority, he usually commanded an entire army with disposition over the Kriegs-Cassa and nominal powers to replace unsatisfactory generals; he received political and military guidance directly from Vienna
Feldzeugmeister FZM General (infantry) usually commanded an entire wing or line or even lead a whole army in his own right; the term was an antique anomaly which derived from Zeug, or ordnance
General der Cavallerie GdC General (cavalry) the distinction with FZM became quite vague when a GdC was put in charge of mixed commands
Feldmarshall Lieutenant FML Lieutenant-general usually commanded a division or Departement of two or more brigades
General Feldwachtmeister GFWM Major-general usually commanded a brigade consisting of two or more regiments

List of senior officers

Some explanations on this list
The dates within the brackets are those of birth and death, when known.

Functions listed are by the rank achieved during the Seven Years' War with the dates of promotions. The last entry is the topmost rank achieved, if different from the one achieved in the Seven Years' War. In some case, the rank achieved before 1756 was also indicated. The ranks achieved in the Reichsarmee are also indicated.

Orthograph of names still widely varied during the XVIIIth century so its possible that the reader has encountered different spelling in various sources.

A

Albersdorff, Johan Baptist, Freiherr v. (_-_); 1752 GFWM; 1770 FML
Alfson, Adolf Nikolaus Freiherr v. (1704-1779); 1759 GFWM
Almasy, Ignaz Joseph Graf v. (1726-1804);1758 GFWM; 1784 GdC
Althann, Michael Anton Graf v. (1716-1774); 1757 FML; 1758 GdC
Amadei, Karl Freiherr v. (1723-1796); 1758 GFWM; 1765 FML
Andlau-Birseck, Franz Joseph Marinus Freiherr v. (1694-1769); 1752, FML; 1757 FZM
Angern, Johann Christian Ludwig, Freiherr v. (1704-1767); 1757 FML; 1763 FZM
Anhalt-Zerbst, Friedrich August Fürst zu (1734-1793); 1756 FML; 1768 Reichs-FML
Arberg u. Valangin, Karl Anton Graf (1705-1768); 1757 FML; 1760 FZM
Arenberg, Carl Leopold Herzog von (1721-78); 1755 FML and Reichs-FML; 1758 FZM; 1769 GFZM.
Argout, Johann Gaston Chevalier d' (_-1782); 1757 GFWM
Ariosti, Joseph Graf v. (1690-1766); 1752 FML
Aspremont u. Lynden, Ferdinand Karl Graf v. (1689 - 1772); Feb. 28, 1734 GFWM; March 16, 1741 FML; June 26, 1746 retroactive July 14, 1745 GdK; July 12, 1754 FM
Aspremont u. Lynden, Wilhelm Josef Hyazinth Graf v. (1702 -1779); 1758 FML
Attems, Ludwig Philipp Michael Graf v. (1710-1774); 1757 GFWM
Ayasassa, Joseph Karl Graf v. (1715-1779); GFWM 1758; 1762 FML; 1767 GdC

B

Baden-Baden, August Georg Margrave v. (1706-1771); 1754 GFWM; 1758 FML; 1768 FM
Baden-Durlach, Christoph II Markgraf v. (1717-1789); 1752 FML; 1758 FZM; 1761 Reichs-GFZM; 1769 FM; 1787 Reichs-GFM
Baden-Durlach, Karl August Markgraf v. (1712-1786); 1752 FML; 1758 FZM; 1760 GFM
Bärnkopp, Johann Wenzel Freiherr v. (1723-1794); 1764 GFWM; 1787 FZM
Baranyai de Bodorfalva, Johann Freiherr (1685-1766); 1748 GdC
Barkozy de Szala, Emerich Freiherr v. (_-_); 1748 GFWM
Barkozy de Szala, Michael Freiherr v (_-_); 1760 GFWM
Batthyànyi, Adam Wenzel Fürst v. (1722-1787); 1752 GFWM; 1758 FML; 1761 FZM
Batthyànyi, Karl Joseph Fürst v. (1697(99?)-1772); Dec. 24, 1733 GFWM; March 27, 1735 FML; March 10, 1739 GdK, May 16, 1745 FM
Baumbach, Karl Friederich Reinhold Freiherr v. (1713-1779); 1758 GFWM; 1766 FML
Baxeras, Francisco de (_-_); 1757 GFWM
Brandeburg-Bayreuth, Friedrich Wilhelm Kristian Markgraf v. (1708-1769); 1763 FZM
Beck Philipp Levin Freiherr v. (1720-1768); 1755 GFWM; 1758 FML; 1762 FZM
Beleznay v. Belezna u. Pilis, Nikolaus (1723-1787); 1754 GFWM
Belgiojoso, Antonio Graf Barbiano di (1715-1791); 1757 GFWM; 1766 FML
Beneda, Anton Joseph Wenzel Freiherr v. (1688-1775); 1745 GFWM
Berlichingen, Eberhard Maximilian Karl Freiherr v. (1718-1785); 1757 GFWM; 1758 FML; 1770 GdC
Berlichingen, Johann Friederich Alexander Freiherr v. (1719-1789); 1759 GFWM; 1772 FML
Bethlen, Adam Joseph Graf v. (1719-1772); 1758 GFWM
Bethlen,Wolfgang Graf v. (1705-1763); 1745 GFWM; 1762 FML
Bettoni, Johann Anton Graf v. (1717-1773); 1758 GFWM; 1759 FML
Bibow, Christoph Friederich Freiherr v. (_-1773); 1757 GFWM; 1766 FML
Biela, Wilhelm Philipp (_-1773); 1758 GFWM
Birkenfeld, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Prinz v. Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, Wilhelm (Jan. 4 1701 - Dec. 25 1760); Dutch GdK; July 15 1754 FM
Botta d'Adorno, Anton Otto Marchese (1688-1774); Jan. 14, 1734 GFWM; April 5, 1735 FML; June 29, 1745 FZM; July 1, 1754 FM
Botta d'Adorno, Jakob Baptist Marchese (1729-1803); 1759 GFWM; 1790 FM
Boucheporne, Johann Jakob de (_-); 1756 GFWM
Bournonville, Franz Joseph Graf v. (1710 (1701)?-1769); 1752 FML; 1758 GdC
Bournonville, Maximilian Casimir Graf v. (1713-_); 1760 GFWM
Brandenburg-Ansbach u. Bayreuth, Karl Alexander Markgraf v. (1736-1806); 1753 GFWM; 1792 French FM
Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, Karl I. Herzog. v. (1713 - 1780); 1735 GFWM
Braunschweig-Lüneburg u. Wolfenbüttel , Ludwig Ernst Hzg. v. (Sept. 25 1718 - May 12 1788); March 1 1750 FM; April 25 1750 Imperial GFZM; Oct. 24 1753 GFM; Nov. 2 1750 Dutch FM, Jan. 13 1759 Gen.-Cpt.
Brentano-Cimaroli, Anton Joseph v. (1719-64); 1758 GFWM; 1762 FML
Bretlack (also Pretlack), Johann Franz Freiherr v. (1708-1767); 1752 GdC; 1761 Reichs-GFZM
Bretlack (also Pretlack), Johann Ludwig Christian Freiherr v. (1716-1781); 1757 GFWM; 1758 FML
Bretton, Claude Hyacinthe Baron (_-1779); 1757 FML; 1767 FZM
Breuner; Maximilian Sigismund Graf v. (1704-1770); 1753 GFWM; (?) FML
Brincken, Jakob Friederich Freiherr v. (_-1791); 1758 GFWM; 1766 FML
Browne, Maximilian Ulysses Graf v. (Oct. 23 1705 - June 27, 1757); July 10, 1754 FM
Browne, Joseph Ulysses Graf v. (1728-1759); 1758 GFWM
Browne, Philipp Georg Graf v. (1727-1803); 1758 GFWM; 1765 FML
Browne, Valentin Freiherr v. (_-1784); 1757 GFWM; 1760 FML
Buccow, Adolf Nikolaus Freiherr v. (1712-64);1752 FML; 1758 GdC
Buday, Adam (_-1792); 1753 GFWM
Bülow, Christian August Freiherr v. (_-1790); 1758 GFWM
Bülow, Ferdinand Friederich Freiherr v. (1711(12)-1776); 1758 GFWM; 1759 FML; 1770 FZM
Burghausen, Otto Ludwig Konrad Graf v. (1713-1795); 1756 FML
Burmann, Sigmund Freiherr v. (_-_); 1758 GFWM
Buttler, Ludwig Freiherr v. (1709-1775); 1756 GFWM; 1758 FML

C

Callenberg, Heinrich Graf v. (1685-1772); 1748 FZM
Callenberg, Karl (Kurt) Friederich Reinecke Graf v. (1727-1800); 1760 GFWM; 1767 FML
Callot, Karl Freiherr v. (1709-1781); 1761 GFWM; 1768 FML
Campitelli, Giuseppe Cavaliere di (_-1773(63?)); 1755 GFWM; 1759 FML
Caracciolo, Ludwig Graf v. (1708-1760); 1758 GFWM
Caramelli di Castiglione-Fallet, Karl Graf v. (1716-88); 1758 GFWM; 1760 FML; 1770 GdC
Castellar (Castellane?), Karl v. (_-_); 1750 GFWM
Castiglione, Eudemio Marchese di (1713-1773); 1753 GFWM
Cavaglieri, Karl Freiherr v. (1696-1766); 1752 FML; 1764 FZM
Cavriani, Franz Karl Graf v. (1707-1788); 1758 FML
Chanclos, de Leves, Karl Urban Graf v. (Oct. 13 1686 - Feb. 19 1761); July 3 1754 FM
Choteck, Johann Nepomuk Karl Graf v. (1705(04?)-1787); 1748 FZM
Clerici di Cavenago, Antonio Giorgio Marchese (1715-1768); 1758 FZM
Colloredo-Mels u. Wallsee, Nikolaus Anton Graf v. (1702-1763); 1758 GFWM
Colloredo-Mels u. Wallsee, Anton Graf v. (1707-1785); 1760 FM
Colloredo-Mels u. Wallsee, Karl Borromäus Graf v. (1718-1786); 1758 FML
Colloredo-Mels u. Wallsee, Joseph Maria Graf v. (1735-1818); 1759 GFWM; 1789 FM
Czekel v. Rosenfeld, Michael Gottfried (1708 -1786); 1758 FML
Czigani (Zigan) de Cserma, Joseph Wenzel Freiherr v. (_-_); 1758 GFWM; 1764 FML

D

Daun, Heinrich Dietrich Martin Joseph Graf u. Herr v. u. zu (Sept. 1, 1678 - Jan. 31, 1761); March 16, 1741 FM
Daun, Leopold Joseph Maria Graf v., Fürst v. Teano, Marchese di Rivola (1705-66); March 1, 1734 GFWM; March 18, 1739 FML; July 5, 1745 FZM; July 7, 1754 FM
Daun, Johann Benedikt Graf u. Herr v. u. zu (1700-1766); 1758 GdC
Daun, Franz de Paula Joseph Graf u. Herr v. u. zu (1727-1785); 1760 GFWM; 1767 FML
Deynse (D’Aynse) (vid. Merode)
Dessewffy v. Csernek u. Tarkeö, Joseph Graf (_-1768); 1752 FML
Dickweiler, Philipp Edler Freiherr v. (_-1764); (?) FML
Dietrich von Adelsfels, Anton (_-1765); 1760 GFWM
Dombasle, Karl Franz Baron de Houx Graf v. (1704-1775); 1756 FML
Drais v. Sauerbrunn, Kaspar Freiherr v. (1715-1769); 1759 GFWM
Draskovich v. Trakostyan, Joseph Casimir Graf v. (1714-1765); 1758 FML; 1763 FZM
Drechsel, Damian Joseph Freiherr v. (1718-1791); 1761 GFWM; 1778 FML

E

Eckel, Joseph Ludwig (_-_); 1758 GFWM
Ellrichshausen, Karl Reinhard Freiherr v. (1720-1779); 1759 GFWM; 1760 FML: 1770 FZM
Elmendorff, Friederich Kaspar Freiherr v. (1706-1767); 1760 GFWM
Engelhardt u. Schnellenstein, Christoph Gottfried v. (1685-1768); 1752 FML
Eötvös v. Vàsàros-Nàmény, Nikolaus Freiherr v. (1716-1782); 1762 GFWM
Erdödy v. Monyoròkerék u. Monoszlò, Anton Graf (1714-1769); 1747 GFWM
Este, Francesco III Maria Duca di Modena e Reggio (1698-1780); Nov. 10, 1737 FZM; Sept. 1, 1755 FM
Este, Ercole III Rainaldo Duca di Modena e Reggio (1727-1803); 1757 GFWM; 1766 FM
Este, Carlo Emmanule Marchese di Santa Cristina d' (_-1766); 1755 GFWM
Esterhazy v. Galàntha, Paul Anton I Fürst (1711-1762); 1758 FM
Esterhazy v. Galàntha, Nicolaus Joseph Fürst (1714-90); 1757 FML; 1762 FZM; 1770 FM
Esterhazy v. Galàntha, Joseph Graf (1714-59 (62?)); 1758 FML
Esterhazy v. Galàntha, Emmerich Graf (1722-92); 1758 GFWM, 1773 GdC

F

Faber du Faur, Christian Wolfgang Freiherr v. (1710-1793); 1759 GFWM; 1784 FZM
Felix, Franz Anton (_-_); 1758 GFWM
Ferraris, Joseph Johann Graf v. (1726-1814); 1759 GFWM; 1808 FM
Feuerstein v. Feuersteinsberg, Andreas Leopold Freiherr v. (1697-1774); 1757 GFWM; 1759 FML
Feuerstein v. Feuersteinsberg, Anton Ferdinand Freiherr v. (1691-1780); 1748 FZM
Finé, Francesco de (_-_); 1759 GFWM
Forgàcs v. Ghymes u. Gacs, Ignaz Graf (1702-1772); 1757 FML; 1761 FZM
Fuchs v. Fuchsberg, Johann Baptist Graf (_-_); 1760 GFWM

G

Gabelkoven, Sigmund Ignaz Joachim Freiherr v. (1708-1788); 1759 GFWM
Gaggi, Carlo Antonio Marchese di (1706-1780); 1759 GFWM
Gaisruck, Franz Sigismund Hyeronimus Felix Graf v. (1686-1769); March 23, 1735 GFWM; Aug. 15, 1739 FML; Oct. 17, 1745 FZM; July 11, 1754 FM
Gaisruck, Rudolf Karl Graf v. (1700(01)-1778); 1758 GFWM; 1758 FML; 1770 FZM
Galhau, François de (_-_); 1750 GFWM
Gastheimb; Karl Graf (_-1785); 1752 GFWM
Gelhay, Karl Ludwig (_-1769); 1751 FML
Gemmingen zu Hornberg u. Treschklingen, Eberhard Freiherr v. (1688-1767); 1752 FML
Gemmingen zu Hornberg u. Treschklingen, Reinhard Freiherr v. (1710-1775); 1757 FML
Gemmingen zu Hornberg u. Treschklingen, Sigmund Freiherr v. (1724-1806); 1759 GFWM; 1787 FZM
Gersdorf, Gottlob Abraham Freiherr v. (1715-1772); 1758 GFWM
Giannini, Ernst Friederich Alexander Reichsgraf Marchese Carpeneto-Suavio (1719-1775); 1760 GFWM; 1762 FML
Goundrecourt, Stephan Graf v. (_-_); 1758 GFWM
Gourcy (Gorcey), Peter Paul Graf v. (1705-1795); 1758 GFWM; 1764 FML
Gourcy (Gorcey), Joachim Pantaleon Graf v. (1707-1796); 1758 GFWM; 1766 FML
Grana, Johann Ferdinand Marchese del Carretto (1726-1778); 1758 GFWM
Grechtler, Johann Georg Freiherr v. (1705-1780); 1758 GFWM
Gribevaul, Jean-Baptiste Vaquette de (1715-1789); 1758 GFWM; 1762 FML; 1765 French GL
Grünne, Fredinand Maria Hemricourt de Mozet Graf v. (1725-1779); 1758 GFWM; 1766 FML
Guadagni, Ascanio Alessandro Marchese di (circa 1685 - Feb 27 1759); July 14 1754 FM
Guasco de Clavières, Johann Franz Graf v. (1708-63); 1758 FML; 1762 FZM
Guasco de Clavières, Peter Alexander Graf v. (1714-80); 1758 GFWM; 1760 FML; 1770 FZM
Guicciardi, Joseph Philipp Graf v. (1704-1790); 1759 FML
Gyldenhoff, Karl August Freiherr v. (_-1764); 1757 GFWM
Gyulai v. Màros-Neméth u. Nàdaska, Stephan II Graf (1683-1758); 1752 FML
Gyulai v. Màros-Neméth u. Nàdaska, Franz Graf (1714-1787); 1752 GFWM
Gyulai v. Màros-Neméth u. Nàdaska, Samuel Graf (1723-1802); 1761 GFWM; 1768 FML

H

Hadik v. Futak, Andreas Graf (1710-90);1756 FML; 1758 GdC; 1774 FM
Hager v. Alentsteig, Franz Alois Freiherr v. (1722-1812); 1758 GFWM; 1766 FML
Haller v. Hallerstein, Samuel Graf (_-1777); 1757 FML; 1764 FZM
Haller v. Hallerstein, Friederich Graf (_-1782); 1759 GFWM
Haller v. Hallerstein, Gabriel Graf (_-1793); 1753 GFWM
Hallwyil, Franz Anton Graf v. (1708-1779); 1756 GFWM; 1764 FML
Hamilton, Anton Johann Nepomuk Graf v. (1722-1776); 1758 GFWM; 1764 FML
Hannig, Johann Georg Karl Freiherr v. (1709-1784); 1761 GFWM; 1766 FML
Harrach zu Rohrau, Karl Anton Graf v. (1692-1758); 1742 FML
Harrach zu Rohrau, Johann Joseph Philipp Graf v. (Oct. 22, 1678 - Aug. 8 1764); Oct. 21, 1723 FM
Harrach zu Rohrau, Alois Ernst Graf v. (1728-1800); 1759 GFWM; 1767 FML
Harrach zu Rohrau, Franz Xaver Graf v. (1732-1781); 1759 GFWM; 1773 FML
Harsch v. Almedingen, Ferdinand Philipp Graf (1704-1792); 1748 FZM
Hartenegg, Johann Friedrich v. (_-_); 1758 GFWM; 1759 FML
Hedfeld, Anton Ignaz Jaerens, Freiherr v. (_-_); 1759 GFWM
Hedewiger, Heinrich Gottlieb v. (_-_); 1755 GFWM
Herberstein, Karl Joseph Graf v. (1694-1764); 1753 GFWM
Herberstein, Johann Georg Thaddäus Graf v. (1715-1778); 1744 FML
Herberstein, Johann Joseph Jakob Graf v. (1715-1760); 1758 GFWM; 1760 FML
Hessen-Darmstadt, Ludwig VIII Landgraf v. (1691-1768); May 5, 1722 GFWM; March 12, 1735 GdK; March 28, 1741 FM
Hessen-Darmstadt, Leopold Prinz. v. (1708-1764); 1740 GFWM
Hessen-Darmstadt, Georg Wilhelm Landgraf. v. (1722-1782); 1752 FML; 1754 Reichs-GFML; 1758 Reichs GdC; 1764 FZM; 1771 Oberrhein GFM
Hessen-Rheinfels-Rothenburg, Ernst Konstantin Landgraf v. (1716-1778); 1757 FML
Hildburghausen (see Sachsen-Hildburghausen)
Hinderer v. Steinhausen, Johann Christoph Freiherr v. (_-_); 1752 FML
Hocke, Karl Freiherr v. (1714-1791); 1760 GFWM
Hohenembs, Franz Wilhelm Maximilian Graf v. (1692-1759); 1756 GFWM
Hohenzollern-Hechingen, Joseph Wilhelm Fürst v. (1711-1798); 1757 FML; 1758 GdC; 1758 Reichs-GFML; 1787 GFM
Hohenzollern-Hechingen, Franz Xaver Fürst v. (1719-1765); 1758 GFWM; 1764 FML
Holze, Georg Günther v. (1694-1773); 1759 FML
Hussey, Thomas Freiherr v. (1705-1780); 1758 GFWM


I,J

Inkey de Palin, Kaspar (_-_); 1758 GFWM
Jahnus v. Eberstaedt, Franz Max. Freiherr (1711-1772); 1757 GFWM; 1763 FML
Jacquemin (Schakmin), Heinrich Ludwig Freiherr v. (1713-1792); 1758 GFWM; 1773 GdC
Jòsika v. Branyicska, Joseph Freiherr v. (_-_), 1757 GFWM
Joyeuse, Joahnn Baptist Graf v. (1699-1765(75?)); 1748 GFWM


K

Kager v. Stampach, Georg Karl Graf (_-.1768); 1752 GdK
Kalnoky v. Köröspatak, Anton Graf (1706-1783); 1757 FML; 1759 GdC
Kàrolyi v. Nagykàroly, Franz Anton Graf (1732-1791); 1758 GFWM; 1785 FZM
Kavanagh, Karl Freiherr v. (1709-1777); 1758 GFWM
Keglevich de Buzin, Gabriel Graf v. (_-_); 1754 GFWM
Kengyel, Nikolaus Freiherr v. (_-_); 1754 GFWM
Kerekes v. Kerekeshàzy u. Cziffer, Sigmund Freiherr (_-1781); 1761 GFWM
Kessel, Joseph Anton v. (_-1763); 1758 FML
Ketteler, Friederich Wilhelm Graf v. (1718-1783); 1758 GFWM
Keuhl (Kheul), Karl Gustav Freiherr v. (1694-1758); 1758 FM
Kinsky v. Wchinitz u. Tettau, Franz de Paula Ulrich Fürst (1726-1792); 1757 GFWM; 1759 FML; 1778 FM
Kinsky v. Wchinitz u. Tettau, Joseph Graf (1731-1804); 1761 GFWM; 1796 FM
Kleefeld, Wenzel Matthias Freiherr Hnogek v. (1713-1779); 1757 GFWM; 1759 FML; 1770 FZM
Kleinholt, Johann Wilhelm Freiherr v. (_-1771); 1758 FML
Knesevich v. Szent-Helena, Martin Freiherr v. (1708-1781); 1759 GFWM
Koch, Johann Baptist Freiherr v. (1733-1780); 1759 GFWM; 1767 FML
Kohàry v. Csàbràgh u. Szitnya, Nikolaus Graf v. (1721-1769); 1758 GFWM
Kolb, …v. (_-_); 1757 FML
Kölbel, Christian Freiherr v. (_-1760); 1757 GFWM
Kolowrat-Krakowsky, Cajetan Franz Xaver Graf v. (1689-1769); 1758 FM
Kolowrat-Krakowsky, Emanuel Wenzel Cajetan Graf v. (1700-1769); 1758 GdC
Komka, Johann v. (_-_); 1761 GFWM
Königsegg-Aulendorf, Franz Xaver Graf v. (1724-1792); 1758 GFWM
Königsegg-Rothenfels, Christian Moritz Graf v. (1705-1778); 1758 FM
Kotz v. Dobrz, Johann Franz Freiherr v. (_-1776); 1759 GFWM
Krammer v. Obereck, Adam Ferdinand Freiherr v. (1698-1779); 1756 GFWM
Krottendorf Maximilian Freiherr v. (1700-1772); 1758 FML
Kupperwolf, Christoph v. (_-_); 1755 GFWM


L

La Reintrie, Heinrich Baron du Pin de (_ -_); 1757 GFWM; 1760 FML
Lacy, Franz Moriz Graf v. (1725 -1801); 1756 GFWM; 1758 FML; 1759 FZM; 1766 FM
Lamberg, Raimund Kasimir Graf v. (1719(16?)-1775); 1759 GFWM; 1766 FZM
Langlois, Peter v. (_-1789); 1759 GFWM, 1785 FZM
Lanjus v. Wellenburg, Franz Joseph Graf (1717 - 1780); 1761 GFWM
Lanjus v. Wellenburg, Karl Ludwig Graf (1720 - 1780); 1759 GFWM; 1767 FML
Lantieri di Paratico, Federico Conte (1716 - 1773); 1752 GFWM, 1758 FML
Lantieri di Paratico, Nicola Ferdinando Conte (_ - _); 1759 GFWM
Las Torres, Carlos Vizconde de (_-1775); 1751 FML
Laßgallner, Johann Karl Frhr. v. (1714 -1798); 1758 GFWM; 1766 FML
Lattermann, Franz Frhr. v. (1716 -1806); 1761 GFWM; 1775 FML
Laudon, Gideon Ernst Frhr. v. (1717 - 1790); 1757 GFWM; 1758 FML; 1759 FZM; 1778 FM
Le Fêvre, Theodor Franz (_ - _); 1757 GFWM; 1757 FML
Lechner, Joseph v. (_ - _); 1755 GFWM
Leeuven, Engelbert Frhr. v. (_ - _); 1759 GFWM
Leilersberg, Anton Ignaz Frhr. v. (_ - _); 1754 GFWM
Leublfink, Friedrich Christian Frhr. v. (1714(10 ?)-1775); 1760 GFWM
Liechtenstein, Herzog. v. Troppau u. Jägerndorf, Josef Wenzel Laurenz Fürst. v. (1696 – 1772); Nov. 27, 1733 GFWM; May 30, 1734 FML; March 2, 1739 GdK; May 12, 1745 FM
Liechtenstein, Herzog. v. Troppau u. Jägerndorf, Karl Borromäus Fürst. v. (1730 – 1789); 1758 GFWM; 1760 FML; 1788 FM
Liechtenstein, Johann Joseph Simplicius Prinz v. (1734 -1781); 1760 GFWM; 1773 FML
Lietzen, Sigmund Friedrich Samuel Freiherr. v. (_-1780); 1757 FML, 1761 FZM
Ligne, Claudius Lamoral II. Fürst. v., Prince d'Espinay et d'Amblise (1685 - 1766); May 27, 1717 GFWM; Oct. 23, 1733 FML; Jan. 7, 1744 FZM; Oct. 21 1751 FM
Ligne, Prince d´Epinay et d´Amblise, Karl Joseph Fürst. v. (1735 -1814); 1759 GFWM; 1808 FM
Lindainer v. Rosen, Silvius (_ - _); 1758 GFWM
Ljubibratich v. Trebinja, Hieronymus Freiherr (1716 -1779); 1759 GFWM; 1767 FML
Llorach y de Moixó, Carlos Conde de (1681-1762); 1753 GFWM
Lobkowitz, Anton August Joseph Fürst. v. (1729 - 1803); 1760 GFWM
Lobkowitz, Joseph Maria Karl Fürst v. (1725 - 1802); 1758 GFWM; 1785 FM
Lobkowitz, Karl Felix Fürst. v. (1719 - 1760); 1758 FML
Los Rios de Gutierrez, Francisco de los Rios y de la Tour, Marques de (1689 - March 1775); Oct. 5, 1745 FM
Los Rios, Francisco Marqués de (1725-1772); 1757 GFWM; 1758 FML
Losy v. Losenau, Anton Joseph Graf (_- 1762); 1760 (1758?) GFWM
Lothringen u. Bar, Karl Alexander Herzog. v. (December 12, 1712 – July 4, 1780); August 6 1737 GFWM; Janyary 20, 1738 FML; November 22, 1740 FM; May 21, 1746 Generalissimus
Löwenstein-Wertheim, Christian Philipp Johann Alexander Fürst. v. (1719 -1781); 1757 FML; 1759 GdC
Löwenwolde, Friedrich Kasimir Graf v. (1692 - 1769); 1748 GdC
Lucchesi Palli d´Averna, Giuseppe Conte (_-1757); 1748 GdC
Lumaga, Nikolaus (_-1798); 1761 GFWM
Luszinsky, Gabriel Theodor Freiherr v. (_-1773); 1757 GFWM; 1759 FML
Lützow, Gustav Adolf Freiherr v. (1705 - 1757); 1757 FML
Lützow. Kaspar Ludwig Freiherr v. (1693 -1769); 1753 GFWM
Luzán, Johann Emanuel Graf v. (_-1765); 1748 FZM


M

MacDonell, Michael Alexander Jakob Graf v. (_-1759); 1755 GFWM
MacElligot, Peter Julius Cäsar Freiherr v. (_- _); 1758 GFWM
Macskásy v. Tinkova, Wolfgang (_- _); 1753 GFWM
Maguire v. Enniskillin, Johann Sigismund Graf (1710(11)-1767); 1756 FML; 1759 FZM
Malowetz v. Malowitz u. Kosor(sch), Ignaz Freiherr (_- _);1751 GFWM
Marschall v. Burgholzhausen, Ernst Dietrich Graf (1692 -1771); 1758 FM
Martigny du Han, Florimund Claudius Joseph Graf v. (_- _); 1757 GFWM; 1758 FML
Mastrilli, Giovanni (?) Duca di Gallo (1742-1824); 1761 GFWM
Materna (Materni), Siegmund Freiherr v. (_- _); 1756 GFWM
Mathesen, Johann Andreas Freiherr v. (_-1793); 1759 GFWM; 1784 FZM
Mayans, Francisco Conde de (_- _); 1752 GFWM
Mayern, Johann Friedrich Graf v. (_-1771); 1759 FML
Mednyanszky v. Medgyes, Johann Freiherr (_- _); 1757 FML
Meichsner v. Adelshofen, Johann Christoph Freiherr (_- _); 1759 GFWM
Mercy d´Argenteau, Anton Ignaz Graf v. (1692 - 1767); 1760 FM
Merode, Fürst. v. Deynse (D’Aynse), Johann Karl Joseph Graf v. (1719 -1774); 1757 FML, (?) FZM
Migazzi zu Wall u. Sonnenthurm, Ferdinand Vinzenz Graf v. (1711 -1785); 1758 GFWM; 1760 FML; 1770 FZM
Mikassinovich v. Schlangenfeld, Michael Freiherr (_- _); 1758 GFWM; 1766 FML
Minutillo, Hieronymus v. (1715 - 1804); 1759 GFWM
Mittrowsky v. Mittrowitz u. Nemyšl, Maximilian Joseph Graf (1709 -1782); 1757 GFWM; 1760 FML; 1770 GdC
Moltke, Karl Freiherr v. (_-1770); 1757 FML
Moltke, Philipp Ludwig Freiherr v. (1693 -1780); Feb. 24, 1734 GFWM; March 14, 1739 FML; Oct. 5, 1745 FZM; July 6, 1754 FM
Molza, Graf v. Gazzolo, Jakob (_1782); 1760 FML
Montmorency, Comte de Logny, Louis-Erneste-Gabriel Prince de (1735 - 1768); 1759 GFWM
Montoya de Cardona, Francisco Conde de (_-1782); 1757 FML
Möringer, Johann Jakob (?) Freiherr v. (_- 1774); 1744 GFWM
Mórócz, Emerich v. (_- 1758); 1752 FML
Moser v. Filseck, Gottfried Wilhelm Freiherr (_- _); 1763 GFWM
Müffling gen. Weiß, Christoph Philipp Freiherr v. (1702 -1777); 1757 GFWM; 1758 FML
Münchhausen, Anton Karl Friedrich Günther Freiherr v. (_-1772); 1759 GFWM
Murray, Baron de Melgum, Joseph Jakob Graf v. (1718 - 1802); 1758 GFWM; 1784 FZM
Muscettola, Giuseppe Conte di Picerno (_- _); 1752 GFWM


N

Nádasdy v. Fogáras, Franz Leopold Graf (1708 - 1783); 1758 FM
Nagel, Ludwig Kaspar (Freiherr ?) v. (_- _); 1751 GFWM
Nassau-Usingen, Friedrich August Hzg. v. (1738 - 1816); 1760 GFWM, 1790 FM
Nasselli, Ludwig Graf v. (_- _); 1758 GFWM; 1766 FML
Nauendorff, Karl Wilhelm Freiherr v. (1716 - 1777); 1758 GFWM; 1760 FML
Navarro, Joseph de (_- _); 1759 GFWM
Neipperg, Wilhelm Reinhart Graf v. (1684 - 1774); Nov. 4, 1723 GFWM; Nov. 20, 1733 FML; May 2, 1735 FZM; April 12, 1741 FM
Normann, Ernst Christoph Freiherr v. (1716(17) - 1770); 1760 GFWM
Nugent von den Grafen v. Westmeath, Jakob Robert Graf v. (1720 -1794); 1759 GFWM; 1767 FML


O

O'Donell, Johann Graf v. (1712 - 1784); 1757 GFWM; 1760 FML
O'Donnell v. Tyrconnel, Karl Claudius Graf (1715 - 1771); 1756 FML; 1757 GdC
O'Kelly v. Gallagh u. Tywoly, Wilhelm Graf (1700 - 1767); 1758 FML; 1763 FZM
Oeynhausen, Johann Georg Moritz Graf v. (1697 - 1764); 1747 GFWM
Ongnies, Graf v. Mastaing, Fürst. v. Grimberghen, Otto Heinrich d´ (_-1791); 1758 GFWM
Orczy, Laurenz Freiherr v. (1718 - 1789); 1758 GFWM
Orlandini, Hippolyt Philipp Cavaliere (_- _); 1760 GFWM
Orsich de Szlavetich, Johann Christoph Graf (1718 - 1782); 1756 GFWM; 1766 FML
Orsini, Marchese di Roma, Egidio (_-1758(61)); June 18, 1716 GFWM; Nov. 4, 1723 FML; March 13, 1741 GdK; June 8, 1754 FM
Ostein, Ludwig Wilhelm Johann Maximilian Graf v. (1705 -1757); 1752 FML; 1750 Reichs-GFML
Otterwolf v. Niederstraeten, Franz Leopold (_-1757); 1755 GFWM


P

Pachta v. Rayhofen, Johann Joseph Philipp Graf (1723 -1822); 1759 GFWM
Pálffy ab Erdöd, Johann Leopold Nikolaus Joseph Graf v. (1728 -1791); 1758 GFWM;1784 FZM
Pálffy ab Erdöd, Leopold Stephan Graf v. (1716 - 1773);1760 FM
Pálffy ab Erdöd, Paul Karl III. Engelbert Graf v. (1697 - 1774); Feb. 15, 1734 GFWM; March 6, 1739 FML; Oct. 11, 1745 GdK; July 5, 1754 FM
Pálffy ab Erdöd, Rudolf Graf v. (1719 - 1768); 1757 FML
Pallasty v. Pallást u. Keszihócz, Franz Stephan (Graf ?) (_-1796); 1759 GFWM
Pallavicini-Centurioni, Johann Lukas Graf v. (1697 - 1773); April 5, 1735 GFWM; March 28, 1741 FML; July 15, 1745 FZM; July 13, 1754 FM
Palude, Cesare Conte della (_- _); 1759 GFWM
Panowsky, Andreas v. (_- _); 1758 GFWM
Partini v. Neuhof, Johann Karl Freiherr (1706 -1765); 1756 GFWM; 1760 FML
Pelican, Maximilian v. (_- _); 1759 GFWM; 1767 FML
Pellegrini, Friedrich Peter Graf v. (_-1765); 1757 GFWM; 1760 FML
Pellegrini, Karl Clemens Graf v. (1720 - 1796); .1759 GFWM; 1760 FML; 1788 FM
Perelli, Franz Ritter v. (_- _); 1758 GFWM
Perroni, Ludwig Graf v. (_-1757); 1756 GFWM
Pertusati, Christoph Graf v. (_-1759); 1748 GdC
Petazzi di San Servolo, Benvenuto Sigmund Graf v. (1699 -1784); 1757 FML; 1761 FZM
Petrasch, Ernst Gottlieb Freiherr v. (1708 - 1792); 1760 GFWM
Pfuhl, Adolf Joseph Freiherr v. (_- _); 1758 GFWM
Picalquez, José Ignatio Conde de (_- _); 1751 GFWM
Piccolomini d'Aragona, Ottavio II Enea Giuseppe Fürst. v., Duca di Amalfi, Conte di Sticciano (Feb. 17, 1698 - Jan. 25, 1757); Nov. 28, 1748 FZM
Pickel, Johann Sebastian v. (_-1757); 1745 GFWM
Pignatelli d´Aragona, Fernando Fürst. v., Principe di Strongoli, Duca di Tolve, Conte di Melissa (1689 - 1767); 1740 FZM
Piza y Esteva, Peter Franz v. (1697 - 1774); 1756 FML
Platz, Joseph Anton Graf v. (1677 - 1767); 1748 FZM
Plunkett, Thomas Freiherr v. (1716 - 1779); 1757 FML
Podstatzky, Franz Karl Graf v. (1719 - 1776); 1757 GFWM; 1760 FML; 1775 GdC
Pompeati de Lucchini, Franz (_- _); 1758 GFWM
Ponce de León, Emanuel Pedro Graf v. (1705 - 1789); 1759 FML;1770 FZM
Poniatowski, Andreas Fürst v. (1735 - 1773); 1761 GFWM; 1771 FZM
Porporati, August (Kaspar ?) Graf v. (_- 1757); 1757 FML
Portugal, Emanuel Infant v., Herzog v. Bragança (August 3, 1697 – August 3, 1766); December 24, 1718 GFWM; October 26, 1733 FML; August 16, 1734 FM
Preiß, Johann Franz Joseph Freiherr v. (1704 - 1797); 1760 GFWM;1770 FZM
Pretlack (vid. Bretlack)
Preysach, Jakob Freiherr v. (_-1787); 1756 FML;1770 GdC
Preysing, Ernst Friedrich Freiherr v. (1698 - 1759); 1748 GdC
Prié-Turinetti, Marchese di Pancaliere, Giovanni Antonio di (1687 -1757); 1744 FZM
Puebla, Antonio Conde de La (_-1776); 1757 FZM
Pugnetti, Rudolf Freiherr v. (1718 - 1771); 1759 GFWM


R

Radicati, (Alois ?) Julius Cäsar Graf v. (_-1756); 1752 FML
Raigecourt, Johann Claudius Graf v. (1690 - 1761); 1745 GFWM
Rantzau, Leopold Graf v. (_- _); 1751 GFWM
Rasp, Lorenz Bernhard August Freiherr v. (1724 - 1791); 1760 GFWM; 1773 FML
Rath, Otto Heinrich Freiherr v. (_- _); 1759 GFWM
Re(c)hbach auf Mederndorf, Maximilian Daniel Freiherr v. (1705 -1764); 1758 GFWM, 1764 FML
Reichlin v. Meldegg, Franz Joseph Anton Freiherr (1703 -1764); 1753 GFWM
Reinhard, Franz v. (_- _); 1758 GFWM
Reitzenstein, Johann Georg Heinrich Philipp Freiherr v. (1723 -1795); 1761 GFWM
Reviczky de Revisnye, Johann Freiherr (_- _); 1761 GFWM
Rhedey v. Kis-Rhede, Johann Graf (1714 - 10.1.1768); 1760 GFWM; 1766 FML
Rheinsheim, Ferdinand Alexander Freiherr v. (_- 28.1.1771); 1754 FML
Ried, Joseph (Johann ?) Heinrich Freiherr v. (1720 - 1779); 1758 GFWM; 1762 FML; 1770 FZM
Riedesel zu Eisenbach, Georg Friedrich Freiherr v. (1708 - _); 1757 GFWM
Riese, Franz Karl Freiherr v. (1721 - 1786); 1759 GFWM; 1785 FZM
Rochepine, Peter Philipp Freiherr Bechard v. (1694 - 1776); 1757 FML
Rodt, Anton Egbert Franz Freiherr v. (27.7.1710 - 1768); 1756 GFWM
Rogendorf, Franz Anton Joseph Graf v. (1707 – 1781(82)); 1752 FML
Roth, Joseph Freiherr v. (_- 1772); .1758 GFWM; 1766 FML
Rouvroy, Johann Theodor Freiherr v. (1728 - 1789); 1761 GFWM; 1787 FZM
Rummel v. Waldau, Kaspar Freiherr (_- _); 1759 GFWM
Rzikowsky v. Dobrzitz, Johann Wilhelm Freiherr (_- _); 1752 GFWM


S

Sachsen, Herzog. v. Teschen, Albrecht Kasimir August Moritz Prinz v. (1738 - 1822); 1760 FML; 1763 GdK; 1765 FM; 1767 Reichs-GFM
Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld, Christian Franz Prinz v. (1730 -1797); 1758 GFWM
Sachsen-Gotha, Johann August Herzog v. (1704 - 1767); Jan. 23, 1734 GFWM; March 26, 1738 FML; Oct. 7, 1745 GdK; July 4, 1754 FM
Sachsen-Gotha, Wilhelm Karl Christian Prinz v. (1701 - 1771); 1752 FML; 1764 FZM; 1739 Reichs-GFML; 1750 Reichs-GFZM
Sachsen-Hildburghausen, Joseph Maria Friedrich Wilhelm Prinz v. (1702 – 1787); April 20, 1734 GFWM; April 30, 1735 FML; Sept. 25, 1736 FZM; April 18, 1741 retroactive April 12, 1741 FM; June 11, 1739 Imperial GFZM; Nov. 9, 1785 Imperial GFM
Saint-André, Friedrich Daniel Freiherr v. (1700 - 1775); 1757 FZM
Saint-Ignon, Johann Anton Joseph Graf v. (1716 -1779); 1758 GFWM; 1764 FML
Saint-Ignon, Johann Baptist Graf v. (1721 - 1763); 1758 GFWM
Saint-Julien u. Walsée, Johann Karl Christian Kaspar v. Guyard, Graf v. (1719 - .1798); 1761 GFWM
Saint-Pierre, Marquis de Montfalcon, François-Philibert de (_- 1770); 1748 GdC
Salburg, Franz Ludwig Graf v. (1689 - 1758); April 3, 1734 GFWM; March 23, 1739 FML; July 9, 1745 GdK; July 9, 1754 FM
Salm, Herzog v. Hoogstraeten, Nikolaus Leopold Fürst. v. (1701 -1770); March 4, 1734 GFWM; March 22, 1739 FML; July 7, 1745 FZM; July 8, 1754 FM
Salm-Salm, Herzog. v. Hoogstraeten, Maximilian Friedrich Ernst Fürst. v. (1732 - 1773); 1759 GFWM; 1767 FML
Sayn-Wittgenstein, Karl Wilhelm Gustav Graf v. (1691 - 1759); 1751 GFWM
Schallenberg, Christoph Adam Franz Jakob Graf v. (1702 - 1780);.1758 FML
Schengen, Lothar Freiherr v. (_- _); 1753 GFWM Schmertzing, Friedrich Hannibal Freiherr v. (1693 - 1762); 1748 GdK
Schmidt, Andreas v. (_- _); 15.9.1759 GFWM
Schmidt, Friedrich Freiherr v. (_- 1771); 1757 GFWM
Schneid, Franz Philipp (Freiherr) v. (_- 1790); 1752 GFWM
Schreger, Franz v. (_- _); 1753 GFWM
Seckendorf, Wilhelm Friedrich (Johann Wilhelm Gottfried ?) Freiherr v.(1698 - 1773); 1758 GFWM
Seckendorff-Aberdar, Karl Ludwig Freiherr v. (1717 - 1793); 1758 GFWM
Seckendorf-Gudent, Friedrich Heinrich Graf v. (July 5, 1673 – November 23, 1763); Sept. 1709 Saxon MG; 1714 LG, later GdK; May 7, 1717 Austrian FML; November 11, 1723 FZM; May 21, 1737 FM; October 7, 1731 Imperial GdK; May 22, 1742 Bavarian FM; July 20, 1747 Austrian FM
Seenuß v. Freudenberg, Karl Freiherr (_- 1763); 1745 GFWM
Serbelloni, Giovan Battista Conte (1694(97) - 1778); 1758 FM
Seriman, Paul Anton Graf v. (1714(20) - 1789); 1761 GFWM
Sermage de Szomszedvár, Medvedgrad u. Topolovec, Peter Troylus Graf (1722 - 1771); 1761 GFWM
Simbschen, Joseph Karl Freiherr v. (_- 1763); 1758 GFWM; 1762 FML
Sincère, Claudius Freiherr v. (1696 - 1769); 1756 FML; 1757 FZM
Sintzendorff, Oktavian Karl Graf v. (1702 - 1767); 1741 GFWM
Sinzendorff, Johann Philipp Norbert Reichserbschatzmeister und Graf v. (1717 - 1779); 1757 GFWM
Siskovics, Joseph Graf v. (1719 - 1783); 1757 GFWM; 1759 FML; 1766 FZM
Skerlecz v. Lomnitza, Gabriel (_- _); 1762 GFWM
Somogyi v. Medgyes, Franz (_- 1775); .1760 GFWM
Soro, Johann Graf v. (1730 - 1809); 1760 GFWM; 1805 FZM
Soro, Johann Sebastian Graf v. (_- 1760(61)); 1752 GFWM; 1759 FML
Spada, Alerano di (_- 1778); 1760 GFWM
Spada, Matteo (?) Marchese di (_- _); 1758 GdC
Spallart, Jakob Robert v. (_- _); 1757 GFWM; 1759 FML
Splényi v. Miháldy, Gabriel Anton Freiherr (1690 - 1762); 1748 GdC
Sprecher v. Bernegg, Salomon Freiherr (1697 - 1758); 1752 FML
Stampa, Kajetan Graf v. (1715 - 1773); 1757 GFWM; 1757 FML; 1767 GdC
Stampach (vid. Kager v. Stampach)
Stappel, Heinrich Freiherr v. (_- 1760); 1752 GFWM
Starhemberg, Emanuel Johann Michael Graf v. (1708 -1771); 1758 FZM
Starhemberg, Johann Guidobald Joseph Philipp Graf v. (1720 -1763); 1760 GFWM
Starhemberg, Johann Ludwig Adam Graf v. (.1717 - 1778); 1757 FML
Starhemberg, Johann Winulf Graf v. (1710 - 1765); 1758 FZM
Starhemberg, Joseph Franz Xaver Graf v. (1724 - 1774); 1758 GFWM
Stein (Stain) zum Rechtenstein, Karl Leopold Graf v. (1729 -1809); 1758 GFWM; 1784 FZM
Stein zum Rechtenstein, Franz Xaver Freiherr v. (1703 - 1765); 1753 GFWM
Stein, Karl Konrad Freiherr v. (_- _); 1758 GFWM
Stentzsch, Georg Leonhard Freiherr v. (_- 1761); 1748 FZM
Stetten, Maximilian Sigismund Wilhelm Freiherr v. (1717 - _); 1763 GFWM
Stolberg-Gedern, Christian Karl Prinz v. (1725 -1764); 1759 FML; 1764 FZM; 1758 Reichs-GFML: 1761 Reichs-FZM
Stolberg-Gedern, Gustav Adolf Prinz v. (1722 -1757); 1755 GFWM
Sulkowski, Herzog v. Bielitz, Alexander Anton Fürst. v. (1730 -1786); 1760 GFWM; 1767 FML
Sulkowski,, Herzog v. Bielitz, Franz de Paula Fürst. (1733 - 1812); 1758 GFWM; 1767 FML
Szalloghy, Ignaz v. (_- _); 1759 GFWM; 1767 FML
Szápáry v. Muraszombat, Széchisziget u. Szápár, Peter Graf (1711-1796); 1753 GFWM
Szdellarovich v. Feldstern, Samuel Friedrich (_- _); 1761 GFWM
Széchényi v. Sárvár u. Felsö-Videk, Anton Graf (_- 1767); 1758 FML
Szluha v. Iklad, Georg Graf (_- _); 1751 GFWM


T

Taaffe, Nikolaus Graf v., 6. Viscount Taaffe (1677 - 1769); 1752 FML
Tallián de Vizek, Ignaz v. (_- _); 1751 GFWM
Teleki v. Szék, Adam Graf (1703 - 1769); 1751 GFWM
Teleki v. Szék, Samuel Graf (1710 - 1783); 1751 GFWM
Terzi, Joseph Freiherr v. (_- 1773); 1752 FML
Thoricourt de la Marlière, Charles-Emmanuel Chevalier (_- _); 1758 GFWM
Thürheim, Franz Ludwig Graf v. (1710 - 1782); 1757 FZM; 1766 FM
Thurn u. Valsassina, Franz Graf v. (1718 - 1766); 1758 GFWM; 1762 FML
Tillier, Johann Anton Freiherr v. (1722 - 1761); 1758 GFWM; 1760 FML
Tillier, Joseph Maximilian Freiherr v. (1726 - 1788); 1759 GFWM; 1773 FML
Tornaco, Arnold Franz Freiherr v. (1696 - 1766), 1748 FZM
Török, Johann Andreas Freiherr v. (1723 - 1793); 1759 GFWM; 1767 FML
Trauttmansdorff, Franz Johann Karl Graf v. (1709 - 1786); 1757 FML
Trivulzio gen. Galli, D. Antonio Ptolemeo, Principe di Misocchi (1692 -1767); 1748 GdC
Tschammer v. Bortwitz, Karl Emanuel (_- 22.11.1785); 1759 GFWM
Turati, Giuseppe Antonio Conte (_- _); 1759 GFWM


U

Ujházy, Ferdinand Franz Graf v. (1714 - 1769); 1758 GFWM
Unruhe, Ferdinand Johann Franz Xaver Freiherr v. (1711 - 1777); 1756 GFWM, 1760 FML
Uracca, Hyazinth v. (_-_); 1758 GFWM
Ursel u. Hoboken, Prince d´Arche et de Charleville, Karl Elisabeth Konrad Herzog. v. (1717(18)- 1775), 1756 FML


V

Valentiani, Franz Andreas Graf v. (_- 1758); 1758 GFWM
Vécsey de Hajnácskeö, Stephan Freiherr v. (1719 - 1802); 1758 GFWM
Vehla, Franz v. (_- 1777); 1757 GFWM; 1766 FML
Velasco, Antonio Marqués de (_- 1769); 1753 GFWM
Verneda, Karl Graf v. (_- 1789); 1760 GFWM
Vicque, Philipp Franz Freiherr de (_- _); 1757 GFWM
Villars, Alexander Graf v. (_- 1767); 1761 GFWM
Ville, Charles Gabriel Marquis de (1711- 1792); 1757 FML; 1758 GdC
Villegas, D. Juan Francisco de (_- _); 1752 GFWM
Vitelleschi, Philipp Marchese di (_- _); 1758 GFWM; 1764 FML
Vitzthum, Andreas Graf v. (_- 1780); 1757 GFWM
Vogelsang, Christian Jakob Ritter v. (1701 - 1785); 1758 GFWM; 1759 FML; 1770 FZM
Voghera, Augusto Marchese di (1700 - 1781); 1758 GFWM; 1759 FML; 1770 GdC
Voghtern, Emanuel Lorenz Freiherr v. (_-_); 1752 FML
Voith v. Salzburg, Heinrich Gottlob Freiherr (_- _); 1757 GFWM


W

Waldeck u. Pyrmont, Karl August Friedrich Fürst v. (1704 -1763); April 4, 1734 GFWM; March 21, 1738 FML; Nov. 1, 1741 FZM; March 20, 1746 FM
Waldstein, Johann Anton Albrecht Michael Graf v. (1714 -1781); 1758 GFWM
Wallbrunn, Peter Christoph Anton Alexius Freiherr v. (1698 - 1772); 1745 GFWM
Wallis, Alexander Franz Freiherr v. (1707 - _); 1753 GFWM
Wallis, Baron v. Karighmain, Franz Wenzel Count v. (1696 -1774); Jan. 3, 1734 GFWM; March 31, 1735 FML; June 27, 1745 FZM, June 30, 1754 FM
Walthör v. Waldenau, Ignaz Freiherr (1713 - 1760); 1759 GFWM
Wartensleben, Friedrich Leopold Georg Graf v. (1721 - 1770); 1759 GFWM
Weichs, Nikolaus Franz Freiherr v. (_- 1789); 1757 GFWM; 1766 FML
Wenge, Friedrich Florenz Johann Theodor Raban Freiherr v. der (1702 - 1775); 1752 FML
Wetzel, Friedrich Emerich Freiherr v. (1693 - 1759); 1752 FML
Wied-Runkel, Friedrich Georg Heinrich Graf v. (1712 - 1779); 1757 FML; 1759 FZM; 1778 FM; 1768 Reichs-GFZM
Wiese u. Kaiserswaldau, Hans Friedrich v. (1711 - 1767); 1758 GFWM
Wilczek, Johann Josef Maria Balthasar Graf v. (1710 - 1787); 1752 FZM
Wildenstein, Johann Georg Freiherr v. (_- 1766); 1755 FML
Winckelmann, Friedrich Arnold v. (_- 1757); 1745 GFWM
Wöber, Thomas Augustin Jakob Joseph Freiherr v. (1692 - 1771); 1755 FML
Wocher, Franz (Ludwig Anton ?) Freiherr v. (_- _); 1759 GFWM; 1767 FML
Woestenraedt, Philipp Joseph Deodat Graf v. (1711 - 1797); 1751 GFWM
Wolckenstein, Jakob Joseph Graf v. (_- 1763); 1734 GFWM
Wolfenbüttel (see Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel)
Wolf(f)ersdorff, Johann Reinhard Freiherr v. (_-1773); 1755 GFWM; 1757 FML
Wolff, Johann Michael (_- 1764); 1756 GFWM
Wöllwarth, Philipp Gottfried Freiherr v. (_- 1770); 1757 FML; 1758 GdC
Wrbna u. Freudenthal, Karl Wenzel Anton Graf v. (1716-1757); 1756 GFWM
Wulffen, Christian Friedrich Freiherr v. (_- _); 1756 FML
Wür(t)zburg, Karl August Freiherr v. (_- _); 1758 GFWM; 1764 FML
Wurmbrand-Stuppach, Heinrich Graf v. (1716 - 1759); 1745 GFWM
Wurmser, Dagobert Sigmund Graf v. (1724 -1797); 1763 GFWM; 1795 FM


Z

Zedlitz, Karl Kaspar Konrad Freiherr v. (1691 - 1758); 1751 GFWM
Zedtwitz, Johann Franz Anton Freiherr v. (1713 - 1784); 1756 GFWM; 1783 FZM
Ziegesar, Karl Wilhelm Freiherr v. (1712(17)- 1781); 1759 GFWM
Zobel (Czobel); Joseph v. (_- _); 1758 GFWM
Zorn v. Plobsheim, Maximilian August (1715(19) - 1774); 1759 GFWM; 1772 FML
Zschock, Christian Gottlieb v. (1694 - 1766); 1745 GFWM
Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, Friedrich Michael Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Herzog v. (1724-1767); 1757 GdC; 1758 FM; 1760 Reichs-GFM

Service during the War

Being a General in the Austrian Army was a potentially dangerous position, regardless of the Rank. This is a list of the Generals Killed in Action during the Seven Years War:

FM Browne, Maximilian Ulysses, (Prague 1757)
GFWM Browne, Joseph Ulysses, (Hochkirch 1758)
GdC Lucchesi Palli d´Averna, Giuseppe, (Leuthen 1757)
FML Lützow, Gustav Adolf, (Kolin 1757)
GFWM Otterwolf v. Niederstraeten, Franz Leopold, (Leuthen 1757)
GFWM Perroni, Ludwig, (Prague 1757)
FML Porporati, August, (Reichenberg 1757)
FML Radicati, Julius Cäsar, (Lobositz 1756)
GFWM Valentiani, Franz Andreas, (Hochkirch 1758)
GFWM Walthör v. Waldenau, Ignaz, (Torgau 1760)
GFWM Wrbna u. Freudenthal, Karl Wenzel Anton, (Breslau 1757)

The list of wounded in action is endless: on the top of such a list there is the FM Daun, wounded at Torgau, 1760.

Uniform

The Austrian Army of the Prinz Eugen, who died in 1736, was commanded by gentlemen who were dressed as they wished. The red colour was often displayed on richly gold embroidered coats but also grey and brown were common. Often Austrian generals wore the uniform of the regiment for which they were Inhaber (proprietor). For example, the day of Prinz Eugen's funeral, on April 23 1736, the body of the greatest Imperial general was buried wearing a scarlet coat faced with black velvet and laced gold.

This was the uniform of the Colonel Proprietor of the Prinz Savoyen Dragoons. Only on 1748 did the military reform commission decide that the uniform of generals needed to be standardized. Even then, until 1751, the generals had freedom to choose their own dress and, more often than not, they wore civilian clothes.

Finally, Empress Maria Theresa decreed the design of a uniform in a letter sent to general officers.

Headdress, shirt, breeches and boots were the same for all ranks of general officers, rank badges being shown by the number of gold stripes (Gallonnierung) on the front edges of the coat, around the neck and upper edge of the cuff, and on the pockets. The gold lace had a distinctive zig-zag pattern. This was used to edge not only the coat but also the hat and the waistcoat. A gold-headed walking cane also indicated the rank.

General officers

This section depicts the regulation uniforms. Hpwever, it should be noted that Maria Theresia in the promulgation of common general uniforms on February 25, 1751 stated "...so sollen sie nur einerley Uniforme haben. Dieser Uniforme aber verhindert die samentliche Generalität nicht, den Uniforme ihrer Regimenter zu tragen, welche sie...", meaning: '...the common uniform does not prevent the whole 'Generalität' from wearing their regimental uniforms...'.

Uniforms in 1751 as per Ottenfeld – Source: Dr Marco Pagan
Uniform in 1751
as per Ottenfeld
Headgear black cocked tricorne hat laced gold with a golden fastener
Neckstock white
Coat white single breasted coat hooked in the middle; edged in gold lace (different number of braids for each rank)
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels scarlet, for FZM, FML and GFWM with 9 gold buttons (arranged in 3:3:3)

no lapel for FM and generals of cavalry, the latter had 10 buttons in pairs

Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 gold buttons; edged in golden lace according to the rank
Cuffs scarlet. each with 3 gold buttons and golden laced buttonholes; edged gold
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat scarlet edged in gold with 12 small gold buttons and with horizontal pockets (each with 3 gold buttons)
Breeches scarlet
Sash golden striped black, worn around the waist under the coat
Gaiters black (for winter) and white gaiters (for summer and parade)
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt none
Waistbelt white
Scabbard black
Footgear black shoes on foot service, high cavalry boots when mounted


Uniforms of Hussar General Officers – Source: Adapted from an illustration of the Vinkhuijzen Collection

Generals stemming from hussar regiments embellished a white hussar style uniform (pelisse and dolman) with gold braids in a pattern according to their rank (see the portrait in our article on General Hadik for an example). They would also have had especially brilliant 'sujtás' on the thighs of their white breeches.

Colours

not applicable

References

Anon.: Generalitaet nach der Ancienneté Militär État 1757 (aka Bildhanschrift Delacre)

Duffy, Christopher: The Austrian Army in the Seven Years War: Instrument of war, Emperor's Press, 2000

Poletti, C. and N. Pentimalli: Il Principe Eugenio di Savoia, C. Ed. Uff. Storico Stato Maggiore Esercito, Roma 2001

Quellen zur Geschichte der Bewaffnung: Ausrüstung und Adjustierung des K. K. Heeres. Herausgegeben vom Curatorium des K. K. Heeresmuseums, Vienna 1888

Schmidt-Brentano, A.: "Kaiserliche und K.u.K Generale (1618-1815)". Österreichische Staatsarchiv, 2006

Summerfield, S.: Austrian SYW Cavalry and Artillery, Ken Trotman Ltd, 2011

Seaton, A.: The Austro-Hungarian Army of the SYW, Osprey Publishing Ltd, 1973

Teuber, O.: Die Oesterreichschische Armee, Vienna 1895-1904

Acknowledgement

Dieter Müller for the initial version of this article and additional info on uniforms

Dr Marco Pagan for the list of senior officers and the section on uniforms

Ing. Jiří Sissak, Ph.D for his compilation of Austrian generals from the manuscript Generalitaet nach der Ancienneté Militär État 1757 (aka Bildhanschrift Delacre)