Austrian Grenz-Infantry Organisation

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Austrian Army >> Austrian Grenz-Infantry Organisation

Introduction

At the end of the War of the Austrian Succession in 1748, the Austrian Army counted 9 Grenz-Infantry regiments.

After the War of the Austrian Succession the Generalate of the frontiers were reorganised. In the Banal region, the Banus of Croatia organised his Grenzer troops in two regiments (simply designated as Banal-Grenzinfanterieregiment nr. 1 and Banal-Grenzinfanterieregiment nr. 2). Similarly, 3 Slavonian regiments (Brooder, Gradiskaner and Peterwardeiner); 2 Warasdiner (Creutzer and Sankt Georger); and 3 Karlstädter (Oguliner, Ottochaner and Szluiner) were established. They all consisted of four battalions and two grenadier companies. Each regiment totalled 4,080 men. Another Karlstädter, the Lykaner, was also established. It exceptionally counted six battalions and two grenadier companies for a total of 6,000 men. Altogether, Grenzer units totalled 46,800 men.

Grenzer units were mainly destined to wars against the Turks. For wars on other theatres of operation, they had to supply only a third of their total forces. However, this ratio was exceeded on several occasions during the Seven Years' War when the third who had served in the previous campaign was gradually replaced by another third provided for the incoming operations.

There was also a Landmiliz of 6 companies raised in Banat but it did not take part in the European conflict. It was known as the Banater Landes-Bataillon.

Wartime Organisation

At the outbreak of the Seven Years' War, the Austrian Grenz infantry who had to serve in European conflicts amounted to 15,600 men (one third of the entire force).

When the Austrian Army mobilised in the Summer of 1756, the fourth battalion was entitled "Garrison Battalion", while the 3 other battalions of a regiment now formed as 2 so-called "Field Battalions", each of 6 companies, by disbanding the third battalion.

Therefore, most regiments were organised as follows:

  • Regimental Staff
  • I. Battalion
    • Battalion Staff
    • 1. Grenadier Company
    • 1. Fusilier Company
    • 2. Fusilier Company
    • 3. Fusilier Company
    • 4. Fusilier Company
    • 5. Fusilier Company
    • 6. Fusilier Company
    • 1. Sharpshooter Company
  • II. Battalion
    • Battalion Staff
    • 2. Grenadier Company
    • 7. Fusilier Company
    • 8. Fusilier Company
    • 9. Fusilier Company
    • 10. Fusilier Company
    • 11. Fusilier Company
    • 12. Fusilier Company
    • 2. Sharpshooter Company
  • III. Battalion (Depot)
    • Battalion Staff
    • 13. Fusilier Company
    • 14. Fusilier Company
    • 15. Fusilier Company
    • 16. Fusilier Company

Tactically a Grenz-Husar squadron was assigned to a foot battalion of the same Generalate.

In 1757, the Grenz-Inantry regiments were equipped with 1-pdr guns or 2-pdr and 4-pdr howitzers which were not very effective and were retired by the end of the campaign of that year.

References

Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763

    • Vol. 1 Pirna und Lobositz, Berlin, 1901, pp. 130-134, 141, 150