Origin and History
The ship was built at Deptford and launched in 1716.
During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:
- 1755: Lord Harry Powlett
- 1757: Captain Samuel Graves
The ship was retired from service in 1764.
Service during the War
On July 24 1755, while the French squadron of du Guay was at Cadiz, sir Edward Hawke was despatched with 21 ships of the line (including the Barfleur) and 5 frigates to intercept du Guay or any other French ships that might escape Boscawen on their return to Brest. Hawke cruised off Cap Finistère. On August 23, Hawke gave verbal orders to lord Harry Powlett in the Barfleur to give chase to a sail in the south east. The ship pursued this sail all night and, on August 24, was unable to find back the British fleet. The same day she gave chase to a sail seen in the south west, ignoring three other sails seen in the north east which might probably be part of du Guay's fleet. The Barfleur, with her rudder in bad condition, was then obliged to put into port without order. From October 20 to 22, lord Harry Powlett was tried for his conduct during his previous mission by a court martial on board the Prince George in Portsmouth harbour. Powlett was acquitted but admonished to be more cautious in his future conduct.
In August 1757, the ship joined the fleet assembling at Spithead under the command of sir Edward Hawke. On September 8, this fleet sailed. It escorted 45 transports carrying more then 7,000 foot for an expedition against an undisclosed French port of the Atlantic coast. The raid was finally intended against Rochefort. On September 23, she was part of the ships who bombarded the works on the little island of Aix at the mouth of the river leading up to Rochefort. In half an hour the position surrendered. Despite this success the raid on Rochefort failed lamentably. On October 6, the expeditionary force, returned home with no tangible results.
To do: campaigns from 1758 to 1763
Anonymous, A Complete History of the Present War, from its Commencement in 1756, to the End of the Campaign, 1760, London, 1761
Blasco, Manuel, British 2nd Rates, 3 Decks Wiki
Clowes, Wm. Laird, The Royal Navy – A History from the Earliest Time to the Present, Vol. III, Sampson Low, Marston and Company, London: 1898, p. 171-172