Belliqueux (64)

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Origin and History

The ship was built by Salinoc at Brest in 1755 and launched in 1756.

The ship was captured by the Royal Navy on November 2 1758 and renamed HMS Belliqueux.

During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:

  • in the French service
    • ???
  • in the British service
    • from November 1758: captain Thomas Saumarez
    • from 1761: captain Richard Edwards.

The ship was broken up in September 1772.

Service during the War

In March 1758, the ship was part of an important squadron (5 ships of the line and 6 or 7 frigates) being fitted out at Rochefort to escort, from the nearby Isle d'Aix, a fleet of 40 transports with 3,000 troops for America. On April 4, the squadron was attacked by a British squadron under the command of sir Edward Hawke. The French warships escaped but several merchantmen ran ashore. On May 2, the French fleet finally set sail from Rochefort for Louisbourg under the command of comte du Chaffault de Besné. The Belliqueux, armed en flûte transported part of a battalion of Cambis Infanterie. On June 10, the fleet landed the troops at Baie Sainte-Anne 80 km northwest of Louisbourg and then followed du Chaffault to Québec before the arrival of the British expedition who captured Louisbourg at the end of July. Du Chaffault's squadron arrived at Québec on June 29. In mid-September, du Chaffault sailed from Québec for France with his squadron. On October 27, he met Boscawen's squadron returning to Great Britain but after a brief cannonade, the two fleets separated. The ship was then disabled by a storm. On November 2, she was sighted off Bristol in the Irish sea by the Antelope (54) of captain Thomas Saumarez. Being armed en flûte and disabled, the Belliqueux surrendered without firing a shot. Saumarez was appointed captain of this prize.

In 1761, the ship served in the Mediterranean.

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 64
Gundeck 26 x 24-pdrs
Upper gundeck 28 x 12-pdrs
Quarterdeck and Forecastle 10 x 6-pdrs
Crew n/a
Length 157 feet 10½ in (48.1 m)
Width 44 feet10½ in (13.7 m)
Depth 19 feet10 in (6.0 m)
Displacement 1372 tons (1394 tonnes)

References

Blasco, Manuel, 3 Decks Wiki

  • British 3rd Rates
  • French 4th Rates

Deschênes, Ronald, Répertoire des vaisseaux de ligne français 1682-1780

Phillips, M., Michael Phillip's Ships of the Old Navy

Wikipedia

  • HMS Belliqueux (1758)