Benedikt Daun Cuirassiers

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Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1682 by Franz de Gondola according to a decree issued on March 7 of the same year. It was formed around 2 coys contributed by Taafe Cuirassiers.

In 1683, during the Great Turkish War, the regiment campaigned with the main army, taking part in the relief of Vienna. In 1685, it was at the siege of Neuhäusel and took part in the expedition in Upper-Hungary. In 1686, it participated in the siege of Ofen, in another expedition in Upper-Hungary and in the engagement of Szegedin; in 1687, in the Battle of Mohacs; from 1688 to 1690, in the blockade of Grosswardein; in 1695, in the Battle of Ollasch; and in 1697 in the Battle of Zenta.

In 1698, the regiment assumed garrison duty in Bohemia.

Did you know that...
Benedikt Count Daun - Source: Museum Červený Kameň photo by H. Skala

General of Cavalry Johann Benedikt Bernhard Count Daun was not a relative of the famous FM Leopold Daun. In fact he was from a quite different branch of the Daun family. Born December 8 1700, he died on September 6 1766. His father was Heinrich Richard Lorenz Count Daun, Feldzeugmeister and Oberstwachtmeister of the "Stadtguardia" of Vienna. His mother was Anna Katharina Countess Sporck.

Anecdote contributed by Harald Skala

During the War of the Spanish Succession, in 1701, the regiment was attached to the army of Prince Eugène who proceeded to the invasion of Northern Italy. The same year, it took part in the combat of Carpi and in the Battle of Chiari; in 1702, in the Battle of Luzzara where it distinguished itself. A detachment participated in the raid on Milan. In 1703, the regiment was initially posted on the Po River. A detachment took part in General Visconti's raid in Piedmont. By the end of the year, two squadrons operated in Piedmont. In 1705, the four squadrons operating in Lombardy took part in the Battle of Cassano. In September 1706, the entire regiment fought in the Battle of Turin. In 1707, it was stationed in Piedmont and did not take part in any major action. In 1708, it was transferred to the Rhine where it joined the Army of the Moselle with which it went to the Low Countries. It was at the siege of Lille. In 1709, the regiment fought in the Battle of Malplaquet and took part in the siege of Tournai. In 1710, it was stationed in the Low Countries and did not take part in any major action. In 1711, it served with the Reichsarmee. In 1712, it returned to the Low Countries where it campaigned in the army of Prince Eugène, taking part in the Battle of Denain. In 1713, the regiment served on the Rhine.

From 1714 to 1716, the regiment garrisoned the Comitat of Trencsén (present-day Trenčín/SK).

The regiment counted 6 squadrons and a company of carabiniers. For battles, the latter was usually converged with other similar companies to form an elite unit.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment inhaber was:

  • since 1751: Julius Caesar Count Radicati (killed in action at Lobositz on October 1 1756)
  • October 1756: Fürst Christian von Löwenstein-Wertheim
  • from 1758: Johann Benedikt Bernhard Count Daun

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • 1756 Franz Xavier Count von Zollern
  • 1758 Varl Baron von Ziegesar

The regiment was disbanded in 1802

Service during the War

In June 1756, at the outbreak of the war, the regiment was stationed in Slovakia and counted 791 men and 780 horses. By September, it was in Northern Bohemia with [[Piccolomini, Ottavio II Enea Giuseppe Fürst|Piccolominiçç's covering force in the Königshof-Kolin region.

On May 6 1757, the regiment took part in the Battle of Prague where it was deployed in the Prince of Modena's Brigade, in the second line of the left wing of cavalry. On December 5 at the Battle of Leuthen, the regiment was deployed in Woellwurth's Brigade in the first line of the cavalry right wing under General Lucchesi.

By August 2 1758, the regiment was part of the Reserve of the main Austrian army under the command of Daun near Jaromirs. Daun was following up the Prussian army retiring through Bohemia after the failure of the invasion of Moravia.

By mid-August 1759, during the Austro-Imperial campaign in Saxony, the regiment was attached to Hadik's Corps. On September 21, it probably took part in the Combat of Korbitz where it was deployed on the left wing of Hadik's Corps under Major-General Schallenberg. On November 20, the regiment took part in the Battle of Maxen where it was attached to Brentano's Corps initially posted at Röhrsdorf, 5 km north of Maxen.

In early June 1760, the regiment formed part of the Austrian Grand Army encamped near Dresden and was attached to the Reserve under General Count Wied.

To do: description of the actions during the campaigns from June 1761 to 1762.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1762 - Source: Frédéric Aubert from a plate of Richard Couture and Ibrahim90
Uniform Details
as per the Albertina Handschrift of 1762

completed with other sources where necessary
Headgear
Trooper black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade fastened with a small brass button
Carabinier black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade fastened with a small brass button
Neckstock black
Coat white with 15 brass buttons on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder strap white fastened with a brass button
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets with 3 brass buttons
Cuffs red with 3 brass buttons
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat white with two rows of brass buttons
Breeches red
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt none
Cartridge Box black
Scabbard black with brass decorations
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth red laced with a white braid bordered red and decorated with red vertical bars (according to an illustration of the Bautzener Bilderhandschrift of 1762)
Sabretache red laced with a white braid bordered red and decorated with red vertical bars (according to an illustration of the Bautzener Bilderhandschrift of 1762)
Blanket roll white and red (according to an illustration of the Bautzener Bilderhandschrift of 1762)


Troopers were armed with a black breastplate (worn over the coat), a pallasch (sword) and a pair of pistols. Carabiniers also carried a carbine and had a sabre instead of a sword.

Other interpretations

Raspe shows 13 buttons on the coat instead of 15. It also illustrates only one row of button on the waistcoat.

The Bautzener Bilderhandschrift presents a few diffrences:

  • laced tricorne
  • red neckstock
  • straw breeches

Officers

The officers (according to the Bautzener Bilderhandschrift of 1762) wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:

  • laced tricorne with a green and white cockade
  • light green saddlecloth and sabretache both laced in dark green and fringed in yellow

Musicians

The aprons of the trumpets were yellow and bore arms to the House of Daun. The apron of the kettledrums were yellow with silver emboideries.

Colours

Leib Standard: no information found yet

Colonel Standard (hypothetical) – Source: Frédéric Aubert

Regimental Standard: rectangular light pink standard, brown flagpole

  • Obverse: a central scene depicting a landscape with a dragon, a thunderbolt and a motto
  • Reverse: crossed flags, cipher and crown
Colonel Standard (hypothetical) – Source: Frédéric Aubert

References

Bleckwenn, Hans; Die Regimenter der Kaiserin, Gedanken zur "Albertina Handschrift" 1762 des Heeresgeschichtlichen Museums Wien, Köln: 1967

Funcken, Liliane and Fred , Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Grosser Generalstab, Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Hiller, Berlin, 1830-1913

Knötel, Richard: Uniformkunde. Lose Blätter zur Geschichte der Entwicklung der militärischen Tracht, 18 Bde., Rathenow 1890-1919

Kornauth, Friedrich, Das Heer Maria Theresias: Faksimile-Ausgabe der Albertina-Handschrift, "Dessins des Uniformes des Troupes I.I. et R.R. de l'année 1762", Wien: 1973

Raspe, Accurate Vorstellung der sämtlichen Kayserlich Koeniglichen Armeen zur eigentlichen Kentnis der Uniform von jedem Regimente. Nebst beygefügter Geschichte, worinne von der Stiftung, denen Chefs, der Staercke, und den wichtigsten Thaten jedes Regiments Nachricht gegeben wird., Nürnberg: 1762

Schirmer, Friedrich, Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, hrsg. von der KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, überarb. u. aktual. Neuauflage 1989

Thümmler, L.-H., Die Österreichiches Armee im Siebenjährigen Krieg: Die Bautzener Bilderhandschrift aus dem Jahre 1762, Berlin 1993

Zahn, Michael, Oesterreichische Kürassier und Dragoner Standarten in Siebenjährigen Krieges, Zusammenstellung, 1988