Origin and History
The regiment was created on February 16 1626 when the Finnish Grand Regiment was divided into smaller units.
In 1634, a government regulation ranked the Björneborgs Regiment sixth among the infantry regiments.
During the Great Northern War, transferred to Riga in the Spring 1700, fortress garrison thereafter. With Lewenhaupt to the Ukraine, 1708. After the battle of Ljesna, 1708, the survivors were placed under Västerbottens regiment and captured after Poltava. Reraised in 1710 and belonged to the Army of Finland. In the campaign against Trondhjem with Armfeldt, 1718
This Finnish regiment counted 1,025 men and consisted of two battalions of 4 companies. Each company should have consisted of 140 men.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:
- since 1749: Hans Henrik Delwig
- from 1758: Ture Gustav Rudbeck
- from 1760: Johan Hasfehr
- from 1762 to 1763: Lorentz Johan Goos
Service during the War
Initially, the regiment was not involved in this war and remained in Scandinavia.
In 1761, 4 companies (500 men) of the regiment were transported to Pomerania to reinforce the Swedish army fighting Prussia.
|Coat||dark blue with 10 brass buttons down the front with yellow trimmed buttonholes and 2 brass buttons at small of the back
|Gaiters||white stockings with brown leather strap at knee|
Troopers were armed with a sword and a musket. The bayonet was permanently fixed to the musket.
Schirmer mentions white trimmed buttonholes and yellow buttons.
NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:
- a silver lace on the tricorne
- brass buttons (smaller than those of officers)
NCOs carried halberds but no cane.
Officers wore a blue uniform (coat) with blue distinctives (collar, cuffs, turnbacks). They were further distinguished from privates by:
- a gold lace on the tricorne
- no turnbacks on the coat
- a silver gorget
- brass buttons
- blue or black breeches (breeches of the same colour as those of the privates were also worn)
N.B.: contrarily to the custom in other armies, Swedish officers did not wear any sash
Horses were equipped with blue housing with a yellow border.
Musicians usually wore a yellow coat with white swallow nests on the shoulders.
The drum had a brass barrel decorated with a brown bear wearing a gold crown and surrounded by two white six pointed stars. Rims were blue edged yellow.
The pikes used as staffs to carry the colours were always yellow. The Liffana had gold finials while the Kompanifana had steel finials. The colours measured 2.12 x 1.70 m. (1.81 x 1.33 m. as per Clifford).
Liffana (colonel flag): white field; centre device carried the crowned royal arms of Sweden flanked by 2 crowned golden lions; the outer corner of the first canton charged with a brown bear wearing a gold crown and surrounded by two white six pointed stars.
N.B.: for the liffana, Clifford adds a pedestal supporting the arms, the letters “AFRS” above the arms and 1 royal crown in the corner of each of the 3 remaining cantons.
Kompanifana (ordonnance flag): blue (upper part) and yellow (lower part) field; centre device charged with a brown bear wearing a gold crown and surrounded by two white six pointed stars; the whole surrounded by a green laurel wreath tied with a gold ribbon.
The colonel's battalion carried the Liffana and a Kompanifana. The lieutenant-colonel's battalion carried 2 Kompanifanor.
Großer Generalstab: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen - Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 6 Leuthen, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher), Berlin 1904, pp.92-107, Annex pp. 11-16
Höglund, Lars-Eric and Ake Sallnäs: The Great Northern War 1700-1721, Colours and Uniforms, Acedia Press, Karlstadt, 2000
Högman, Hans: Svenska regementen under indelningsverkets dagar (broken link)
Pengel, R. D. and G. R. Hurt: Swedish Army in Pomerania – 1757-1763, Birmingham, 1983
Purky, Jim: Swedish Army Organization, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1
Säwe, Teofron: Sveriges deltagande i Sjuåriga Kriget Åren 1757-1762, Beijers Bokförlagsaktiebolag, Stockholm, 1915
Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989
Schorr, Dan: Swedish Flags 1757-1762 - Part II Infantry Flags, The Courrier, March-April 1980
Schorr, Dan: Uniforms of the Swedish Army, 1757-1762, The Courrier, June-July 1979
Wilson, Peter: The Swedish Army in 1756, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.