Bohusläns Dragoons

From Project Seven Years War
Jump to: navigation, search

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Swedish Army >> Bohusläns Dragoons

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in Bohuslän in 1660 for Colonel Rutger von Ascheberg. It initially consisted of only 4 companies. In 1674, the unit was brought to the full strength of a regular cavalry regiment by adding 4 companies from Halland.

At the beginning of the Scanian War, in 1676, the regiment fought at the battles of Halmstad on August 17 and Lund on December 4, where it suffered heavy losses. On July 14 1677, it took part in the Battle of Landskrona. In July 1678, the regiment was part of the force who relieved the fortress of Bohus. A few weeks later, it fought at the Battle of Uddevalla (August 28).

In 1684, the regiment was incorporated into the indelta system.

During the Great Northern War, the regiment initially served on the Danish border in 1700. In 1709, it served on the border of the Province of Bohuslän. On February 28 1710, it took part in the Battle of Helsingborg. It also took an active part in the campaign of 1715. In 1718, the regiment participated in the campaign in Norway

In 1720, it incorporated half of the "Riksankedrottningens Livregementet". In 1727 the regiment was renamed the Bohuslän Dragoon Regiment. It was also known as the "Green Dragoons" or "German Dragoons" and counted 8 companies for a total of 904 men.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • no information available yet

Service during the War

In 1758, 2 companies (300 men) of the regiment were sent to Pomerania to reinforce the Swedish expeditionary force operating against Prussia.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1757 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform in 1757
Headgear black tricorne without lace and with a brass button on the left side
Neck stock black
Coat Russian green lined yellow with 12 brass buttons down the front and 2 brass buttons in the small of the back
Collar yellow (or green)
Shoulder strap Russian green fastened with 1 brass button
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 brass buttons
Cuffs yellow, each with 3 brass buttons
Turnbacks yellow
Waistcoat blue
Breeches buckskin or reindeer skin
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather bandolier
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box n/a
Scabbard black with brass fittings
Bayonet scabbard none
Gloves chamois
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Housings Russian green laced yellow
Holster caps Russian green laced yellow
Blanket roll Russian green


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols, a short dragoon musket and a bayonet.

Officers

The officers wore the same uniform as the troopers with the following exceptions:

  • a gold laced tricorne
  • black breeches (sometimes)
  • housings and holster caps laced gold

NCOs

The NCOS wore the same uniform as the troopers with the unique distinction of a narrow golden lace on the tricorne.

Musicians

The musicians wore green uniforms with yellow swallow nests laced white at the shoulders. The uniform had no additional laces.

The drums were made of brass with white rims. The trumpets were made of brass with a medium blue banner.

Colours

The pikes used as staffs to carry the colours were always striped in blue and yellow. The standards was swallow tailed, had gold finials, and gold and silver cords, tassels and fringe.

Lifstandar (colonel standard): white field; borders heavily embroidered in gold and silver; centre device carried the crowned royal arms of Sweden flanked by 2 crowned golden lions; the upper inner corner carried a red tower flanked by a blue lion (on the right) and a blue sword (on the left).

Kompanistandar (ordonnance standard): Russian green field; borders heavily embroidered in gold and silver; centre device consisting of the royal cipher “AF” surmounted by a silver crown and with 2 silver palm branches beneath tied with a red ribbon.

Lifstandar - Source: rf-figuren using elements of a template by Hannoverdidi
Kompanistandar - Source: rf-figuren

The colonel's squadron carried the Lifstandar, each other squadron had a Kompanistandar.

References

This article contains texts translated from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Großer Generalstab, Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen - Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 6 Leuthen, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher), Berlin 1904, pp.92-107, Annex pp. 11-16

Other sources

Brolin, Gunnar: 18th C. Swedish Military Flags - Part I: Standards and Guidons, 18th Century Military Notes & Queries No. 5

Högman, Hans: Svenska regementen under indelningsverkets dagar

Pengel, R. D. and G. R. Hurt: Swedish Army in Pomerania – 1757-1763, Birmingham, 1983

Purky, Jim: Swedish Army Organization, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989

Schorr, Dan: Uniforms of the Swedish Army, 1757-1762, The Courrier, June-July 1979

Schorr, Dan: Swedish Cavalry Standards 1757-1762, The Courrier, December 1979-January 1980

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.