Origin and History
The regiment was created on September 5 1684. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to form soon against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided problems of precedence among these new regiments.
During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment served on the Rhine from 1733 to 1735.
During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment initially served in Bavaria in 1742. In 1744, it was at Fribourg. At the beginning of 1747, it served in Flanders but was soon transferred to the Alps and, on July 19, took part in the battle of Assietta where its colonel, the Marquis de Ruffey, was killed.
At the beginning of the Seven years War, the regiment counted only one battalion. A second battalion was raised in April 1762.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 74th and was under the command of:
- since November 11 1751: Comte de la Tour d'Auvergne
- from December 21 1761 to December 25 1766: Vicomte de Béon
Service during the War
By August 1 1757, the regiment was stationed in the towns of Châteaulin, Le Faou, Crozon et Camaret in Bretagne.
In 1758, the regiment garrisoned Saint-Malo along with Brie Infanterie. On September 10, during the second British expedition against the coasts of France, it joined the French force assembling at Lamballe to attack the retiring British army. On September 11, the regiment took part, under the Comte de la Tour d'Auvergne, in the combat of Saint-Cast where it initiated the first assault against the British force raiding the coasts.
In 1761, the regiment was sent to Saint-Domingue (Haiti). It returned to France only in 1764.
|Coat||white lined blue with coppers buttons down to the waist on the right side
|Waistcoat||blue with one row of small copper buttons; horizontal pockets, each with 3 copper buttons|
Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.
The colonel flag was white with a white cross. Ordonnance flags had a white cross and four green cantons. Each canton was traversed by a two adjacent diagonal bands: violet and isabelle (coffee). The ordonnance flags remained unchanged from 1684 to 1791.
Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle
Menguy, Patrice; Les Sujets du Bien Aimé
Mouillard, Lucien, Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris: 1882
Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891
Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006
Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757, Service Historique de l'armée de terre
Taccoli, Alfonso; Teatro Militare dell' Europa, Part 1, vol. 2; Madrid, March 1760
Yahoo SYW Group Message No. 2304
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.