Bresse Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Bresse Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was created on September 14 1684 from a battalion of Normandie Infanterie. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to form soon against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments.

During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment remained in France.

During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment initially served in Bavaria in 1742. From 1745 to 1746, it took part to various actions in Flanders (Mons, Charleroi, Namur) and fought at Raucoux on October 11 1746. In 1747, the regiment was transferred to Provence.

The regiment counted only one battalion.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 83rd and was under the command of:

  • since December 1 1745: comte de Kercado-Molac
  • from February 20 1761 to November 25 1762: L. de Rozières, marquis de Sorans

When the French army was reorganised at the end of 1762, the regiment was disbanded on November 25.

Service during the War

By August 1 1757, the regiment was stationed at Granville in Lower Normandy. Later the same year, it was transferred to Bretagne to defend the coast against British incursions.

On September 11 1758, the regiment took part to the combat of Saint-Cast.

From 1759 to 1762, the regiment was stationed at Saint-Cast in Bretagne.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per
Etrennes militaires 1758,
and Etat militaire 1761
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Grenadier black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Neckstock black
Coat grey-white
Collar blue
Shoulder Straps n/a
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets (6 small copper buttons sewn above each pocket)
Cuffs blue with 6 small copper buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat blue
Breeches grey-white
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard n/a


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

Officers had gold button loops on the collar, cuffs, and waistcoat.

Musicians

n/a

Colours

The colonel flag was white with a white cross. Ordonnance flags had a white cross and each canton was subdivided into three horizontal bands alternating in green and yellow and disposed in opposition. Ordonnance flags remained unchanged from 1684 to 1762.

Colonel Colour - Source: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Source: Kronoskaf

References

Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Menguy, Patrice; Les Sujets du Bien Aimé

Mouillard, Lucien, Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris: 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891

Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757, Service Historique de l'armée de terre