Origin and History
The regiment was created on September 18 1684. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among them.
During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment initially served on the Rhine in 1733. In 1734, it was at Philippsburg and in 1735 at Klausen.
During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment was initially sent to Bavaria in 1742. In 1743, it took part in the defence of Eggenfeld. The regiment began the campaign of 1745 but was soon transferred to the Alps where it was stationed at Château-Dauphin until March 4 1746 when it had to surrender and became prisoner of war.
The regiment counted only one battalion.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 87th and was under the command of:
- since January 1 1748 to September 11 1758: Chevalier de Polignac
- from 1758: Marquis de Coislin
The regiment was disbanded on November 25 1762.
Service during the War
In 1756, the regiment was assigned to the guard of the coasts of Bretagne, a role that it assumed until 1762.
By August 1 1757, the regiment was stationed at Saint-Servan.
In September 1758, during the second British expedition against the coasts of France, the regiment was garrisoning Saint-Malo along with Boulonnais Infanterie. On September 10, it joined the French force assembling at Lamballe to attack the retiring British army. On September 11, it took part to the combat of Saint-Cast where it supported the first assault. Its colonel, the chevalier de Polignac, was killed during this action.
To do: campaigns from 1759 to 1762
|Coat||grey-white with copper buttons down to the waist on the right side
|Waistcoat||grey-white (red in 1761)|
N.B.: Taccoli depicts a red waistcoat in his work published in 1760
Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.
The colonel flag was white with a white cross. Ordonnance flags had a white cross and four red cantons, each traversed by a diagonal yellow band.
Ordonnance flags remained unchanged from 1727 to 1762.
Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle
Menguy, Patrice; Les Sujets du Bien Aimé
Mouillard, Lucien, Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris: 1882
Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891
Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006
Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757, Service Historique de l'armée de terre
Taccoli, Alfonso; Teatro Militare dell' Europa, Part 1, vol. 2; Madrid, March 1760
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.