Origin and History
In 1684, a regiment previously in the service of the bishopric of Osnabrück entered into the Austrian service a the cuirassier regiment of Friedrich August prince of Braunschweig-Lüneburg.
The regiment counted 6 squadrons and a company of carabiniers. For battles, the latter was usually converged with other similar companies to form an elite unit.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment inhaber was:
- since 1743: Joseph count Lucchesi d’Abarra (killed at Leuthen on December 5 1757)
- from 1758: Adolf Nikolaus baron von Buccow
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:
- 1756: Philipp von Vicque
- 1759: Franz Hrobschitzky von Hrobschütz
The regiment was disbanded in 1768.
Service during the War
In June 1756, at the beginning of the war, the regiment was stationed in Hungary and counted 782 men and 788 horses. In September, the regiment was in Bohemia with Piccolomini's covering force in the Königshof-Kolin region.
On May 6 1757, the regiment took part to the battle of Prague where it was deployed in baron Bretlach's brigade, in the first line of the right wing under count Lucchesi. On November 22, the regiment took part to the Breslau where it was deployed in Aspremont's brigade in the first line of the right wing under count Lucchesi. Towards the end of the battle, Erzherzog Joseph Dragoons were threatened by a Prussian counter-attack but the regiment along with Carl von Lothringen Infantry Regiment relieved them, forcing the Prussians to retire towards the suburbs of Saint-Nicholas. On December 5 at the battle of Leuthen, the regiment was deployed in Spada's brigade in the first line of the cavalry right wing under general Lucchesi.
On October 14 1758, the regiment took part to the battle of Hochkirch where it was deployed in the leftmost column under O'Donnell, to the west of Steindörfel.
To do: campaigns from June 1760 to 1762
|Coat||white with 15 pewter buttons on the right side
|Waistcoat||red with 2 rows of pewter buttons and with 2 horizontal pockets (each with 3 pewter buttons)|
Troopers were armed with a black breastplate (worn over the coat), a pallasch (sword) and a pair of pistols. Carabiniers also had a carbine and carried a sabre instead of a sword.
The Bautzener Bilderhandschrift of 1762 shows a lace on the tricorne, a red neckstock and straw breeches.
Raspe in 1762 shows 12 buttons on the coat.
The officers (according to the Bautzener Bilderhandschrift of 1762) wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:
- laced tricorne with a green and white cockade
- yellow saddlecloth and sabretache both laced in green and fringed in yellow
According to Donath (Kaiserliche Kürassiere 1740-1765), trumpeters wore a black tricorne laced white with a white round cockade and a black plume tipped red. They wore a red coat laced silver with white shoulder straps, white swallow nests, white buttons, red cuffs laced silver and white turnbacks laced silver. Their waiscoat was red and their breeches red. Saddle cloth and sabretache were similar to those of the troopers.
Leib Standard: no information available yet
Regiment Standard: red (Brunswick-Lüneburg Coat of Arms shown on the obverse, but hypothetical)
Bleckwenn, Hans; Die Regimenter der Kaiserin, Gedanken zur "Albertina Handschrift" 1762 des Heeresgeschichtlichen Museums Wien, Köln: 1967
Funcken, Liliane and Fred , Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle
Grosser Generalstab, Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Hiller, Berlin, 1830-1913
Kornauth, Friedrich, Das Heer Maria Theresias: Faksimile-Ausgabe der Albertina-Handschrift, "Dessins des Uniformes des Troupes I.I. et R.R. de l'année 1762", Wien: 1973
Raspe, Accurate Vorstellung der sämtlichen Kayserlich Koeniglichen Armeen zur eigentlichen Kentnis der Uniform von jedem Regimente. Nebst beygefügter Geschichte, worinne von der Stiftung, denen Chefs, der Staercke, und den wichtigsten Thaten jedes Regiments Nachricht gegeben wird., Nürnberg: 1762
Thümmler, L.-H., Die Österreichiches Armee im Siebenjährigen Krieg: Die Bautzener Bilderhandschrift aus dem Jahre 1762, Berlin 1993
Zahn, Michael, Oesterreichische Kürassier und Dragoner Standarten in Siebenjährigen Krieges, Zusammenstellung, 1988