Buch Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years' War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army >> Buch Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in on May 25 1734 by colonel Sury under the name of “Regimiento de Soleure”.

Contrarily to the Spanish infantry regiments, the Swiss regiments had no company of grenadiers. A corporal and 12 grenadiers being included into each company of the regiment. However, in case of need, it was possible to form an ad hoc company of grenadiers. For this purpose, a captain, a lieutenant and a sub-lieutenant of grenadiers were attached to each Swiss regiment.

In 1743, the regiment counted 4 battalions.

In 1745, the regiment was known as the “Segundo de Soleure”.

When the Swiss infantry was reorganised in 1756, the regiment counted 2 battalions, of 4 companies each. This reorganisation was completed only in 1758.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • no information available yet

Service during the War

No information available yet about the service of the regiment during the Seven Years' War

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Ibrahim90
Uniform Details as per
the Album de Taccoli of 1759
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with a black cockade fastened with a white button
Grenadier black bearskins with a red (encarnado) flame
Neckstock white
Coat dark blue with small white buttons arranged three by three on both sides
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets in the form of an escutcheon with small white buttons
Cuffs encarnado with small white buttons
Turnbacks encarnado probably with blue “heart-shaped” fastener
Waistcoat dark blue with white buttons
Breeches dark blue
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard brown


N.B.: Taccoli's plates clearly illustrate different shades of red used by the Spanish army. We have rendered the colour encarnado used by this regiment as Taccoli represent it in his plate. However, this is not a guarantee of accuracy since it depends entirely on Taccoli's interpretation and on plates which are now some 250 years old.

Armaments consisted of a musket, a bayonet and a sword (brass hilt).

Officers

The colonel, lieutenant-colonel, sargentos mayores and officers carried a spontoon and an officer stick. They used to hang this stick at the second button of the coat. The type of handle of the officer stick was different for each rank:

  • gold for the colonel
  • silver for the lieutenant-colonel
  • silver (but only one finger wide) for the Sargento Mayor and the captains
  • ivory for assistants, lieutenants and for the chaplain
  • wooden with a silver ring for sub-lieutenants

Sergeants carried a halberd instead of a spontoon. Furthermore, their officer stick had no handle.

Musicians

no information available yet

Colours

According to the regulation of 1749, the coronela (colonel flag) of each Swiss regiment was white and carried the royal arms in its centre (the arms of Charles III probably surrounded by the necklace of the order of the Toison de Oro).

No information has been found yet about the battallonas colours of this Swiss regiment.

Colonel Colour - Source: Richard Couture

References

Album de Taccoli, 1759

Ministerio de Defensa, El Ejército de Fernando VI, Madrid, 1993, pp. 134-143

Acknowledgment

Juan José Torres and the Asociación Cultural de Modelismo Histórico Alabarda for the information and counselling provided for this article.