Origin and History
This Irish regiment was raised on June 18 1690 from Irish soldiers who had followed James II to France.
During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment served at Kehl in 1733, then on the Moselle and the Rhine in 1734 and 1735.
During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment took part to the invasion of Bohemia in 1742. It followed Maillebois in his retreat towards France in 1743. From 1744 to 1748, the regiment served in Flanders.
The regiment counted only 1 battalion.
When the French infantry was reorganised in 1762, the regiment incorporated the disbanded Royal Écossais Infanterie on December 21.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 92nd and was under the command of:
- since January 14 1751 to 1775: Bulkeley
Service during the War
By August 1 1757, the regiment was assuming garrison duty in the citadel and fort of Calais.
In 1760, the regiment served in Germany.
In 1761, the regiment was stationed at Marburg.
To do: details of the campaigns from 1758 to 1761.
|Coat||red lined green with white buttonholes on one side and tin buttons down to the pockets grouped 2 by 2
|Waistcoat||green with white buttonholes on each side|
Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.
N.B.: the uniform seems to have changed in 1762 during the general reorganisation. The coat was still red but lined white and with green distinctive and a green shoulder strap. The waistcoat was now red.
not yet available
Drummers wore uniforms similar to those of the privates but with laces on the cuffs and arms of the coat.
- Colonel flag: white field; centre device consisting of a golden Irish harp surmounted by a golden crown with the motto In Hoc Signo Vinces; 1 gold crown in each corner.
- Ordonnance flag: red and green opposed cantons; centre device consisting of a golden Irish harp surmounted by a golden crown with the motto In Hoc Signo Vinces; 1 gold crown in each canton.
Évrard P., Praetiriti Fides
Funcken, Liliane and Fred; Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle
Menguy, Patrice; Les Sujets du Bien Aimé
Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, pp. 206-207
Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006
Service historique de l'armée de terre, Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757
Vial J. L., http://vial.jean.free.fr/new_npi/
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.