Burgos Infantry

From Project Seven Years War
Jump to: navigation, search

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army >> Burgos Infantry

Origin and History

As per a royal decree dated 20 January 1694, each province of Spain had to raise a provincial tercio of 1,000 men to reinforce the army. Accordingly, the Province of Burgos raised the “Tercio Provincial Nuevo de Burgos” . It consisted of:

  • staff
    • 1 maestre de campo
    • 1 sargento mayor (major)
    • 1 capellan mayor (major chaplain)
    • 2 adjutants
    • 1 furriel mayor (major quartermaster)
    • 1 tambour mayor
    • 1 captain of campaign
    • 1 surgeon
  • 15 companies, each of:
    • 1 captain (to the exception of one company placed directly under the command of the maestre de campo
    • 1 page
    • 1 sergeant
    • 1 standard bearer
    • 1 drummer
    • soldiers

In 1694, the new tercio was not yet completed when it took part in the Battle of Torroella where it suffered heavy losses. It was then assigned to the defence of Gerona which capitulated on 23 August. The tercio then marched to Toledo.

In 1695, the tercio marched to Gibraltar and was transported to Ceuta which was besieged by the Moors. It remained in Ceuta until 1700.

In 1700, the tercio returned to Gibraltar where it relieved the Tercio del Casco de Granada. It later returned to Ceuta.

In 1701, during the War of the Spanish Succession, the tercio was initially stationed in Ceuta on the coast of North Africa. It was soon relieved by other units and returned to Gibraltar and then marched to join the garrison of Cádiz. In 1702, it took part in the defence of Cádiz against an Allied expedition and then returned to Gibraltar. In 1703, it joined the Army of Extremadura under the command of General Villadarias. In 1704, the tercio took part in the invasion of Portugal, in the capture of Marvão and Castelo de Vide and in the storming of the fortified village of San Aleixo before being transferred to participate in the siege of Gibraltar. In 1705, when the Franco-Spanish army raised the siege of Gibraltar, the tercio returned to Cádiz. In 1706, it was assigned to the garrison of Badajoz. On 4 June, a second battalion was raised in Burgos. In October, the tercio successfully defended Badajoz. It then left Extremadura and marched to Castile. In 1707, the tercio was transformed into a regiment designated as the “Regimiento de Burgos”. It took part in the Battle of Almansa and in the siege of Lérida; in 1709, in the victorious Battle of La Gudiña and in the blockade of Olivenza; in 1710, in the storming of Miranda do Douro, in the capture of Carvajales, in the plundering of Bragança, in the Battle of Almenar, in the disastrous Battle of Saragossa, in the Combat of Brihuega and in the decisive Battle of Villaviciosa. In 1712, the regiment took part in the siege of Campomajor. In 1713, it was transferred to the Army of Aragon.

On 20 April 1715, the disbanded “Regimiento de Triana” was incorporated in the regiment.

In January 1717, the regiment marched to Barcelona where it embarked for Sardinia. It then took part in the sieges and capture of Cagliari and Algeri. In 1718, it was transferred to Sicily where it participated in the siege and capture of Messina. In 1719, the first battalion remained at Messina to serve as garrison and defended the place while the second battalion was sent to Porto Longone. In 1720, the first battalion defended Yacca before returning to Spain while the second remained at Porto Longone.

In 1733, at the outbreak of the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment was sent to Tuscany. In 1734, it took part in the Battle of Bitonto and in the reconquest of Naples. It was then transferred to Sicily. In 1735, it took part in the siege of Messina and in the capture of Syracusa and Trapani. It then returned to Tuscany. In 1736, the regiment returned to Spain.

In 1741 at the beginning of the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment marched to France to join the army destined to the invasion of Lombardy. In 1744, it took part in the Battle of Madonna del Olmo; and in 1746, in the Battle of Piacenza. In 1747, it was stationed in the County of Nice. In 1748, it returned to Spain.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • from at least 1756: Don José Blanco de Orozco

Service during the War

In 1756, the regiment was sent to Ceuta on the coast of North Africa to form part of the garrison.

On 4 October 1757, the regiment was ordered to sail to the camp of Gibraltar.

In 1762, the regiment the regiment was sent to the Province of Extremadura.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Ibrahim90
Uniform Details as per
the Album de Taccoli of 1759
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced yellow with a red cockade fastened with a yellow button
Grenadier black bearskins probably with a garance red flame
Neckstock white
Coat white with yellow buttons on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 yellow buttons
Cuffs garance red with 3 yellow buttons
Turnbacks white with red “heart-shaped” fasteners
Waistcoat white with yellow buttons and horizontal pockets
Breeches white
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard brown


Armaments consisted of a musket, a bayonet and a sword (brass hilt).

The État militaire (circa 1737-1750) in the Anne S.K. Brown Collection illustrates a fusilier of this regiment with a garance red waistcoat.

Officers

no information available yet

Musicians

no information available yet

Colours

The coronela (colonel flag) of the regiment was white with a red Burgundian cross terminated in each corner by a medallion carrying the arms of the regiment (a crowned king surmounted by a towers) surmounted by a golden crown. In the middle: the arms of Charles III surrounded by the necklace of the order of the Toison de Oro (Golden Fleece).

The batallonas (ordonnance flags) of the regiment were white with a red Burgundian cross terminated in each corner by a medallion carrying the arms of the regiment (a crowned king surmounted by a towers) surmounted by a golden crown.

Colonel Colour - Source: Richard Couture
Ordonnance Colour - Source: Richard Couture

References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. X, Madrid, 1851-62, pp. 364-377

Other sources

Album de Taccoli, 1759

Boeri, Giancarlo, José Luis Mirecki, and José Palau: The Spanish Armies in the War of the league of Augsburg 1688-1697, C. Boeri, 2002

État militaire (circa 1737-1750), Anne S.K. Brown Collection

Wikipedia

Acknowledgment

Juan José Torres and the Asociación Cultural de Modelismo Histórico Alabarda for the information and counselling provided for this article.

Anton for the additional info provided.