Calatrava Cavalry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army >> Calatrava Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in Andalusia on January 31 1703 by Baltasar de Moscoso at his own expense. It was first reviewed at Santa Maria, near Cádiz, on May 4 1703.

In 1704, during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-13), the regiment took part in the invasion of Portugal, in the capture of Alegrete and Portalegre, in the engagement of Monsanto and in an ambush in the vicinity of Olivenza. In 1705, it continued to serve in Extremadura and surprised two Portuguese detachments in the villages of Aldeia da Venda and Vila Viçosa, taking prisoners an entire battalion and a squadron. It then participated in the relief of Badajoz. In 1706, it took part in the bombardment of Elvas; in 1707, in the blockade of Olivenza and in the siege and recapture of Ciudad Rodrigo; in 1708, in engagements near Jeréz de Caballeros and Almendral; in 1709, in the Battle of La Gudina. In 1712, the regiment was allocated to the Army of Extremadura.

After the war, the regiment took up quarters in the Province of Extremadura.

In 1718, the regiment was renamed Calatrava, a name that it would keep until 1824.

In 1719, during the brief war with France, the regiment was sent to Catalonia.

In 1727, the regiment joined the Army of Andalusia and took part in the unsuccessful siege of Gibraltar.

In 1738, the regiment was once more transferred to Catalonia where it occupied Torruella de Mangrí.

In 1741, at the beginning of the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), the regiment was selected for operations in Italy. In 1742, it sailed to Spezia but was immediately redirected to the Province of Dauphinée. In 1743, it operated in Savoy. In 1744, it took part in the Battle of Casteldelfino, in the siege of Coni, in the Battle of Madonna dell'Olmo and in the retreat to the County of Nice. In 1745, the regiment campaigned in Lombardy where he served in the division of General Aramburu which sallied from Castelnuovo Scrivia and occupied Casale Monferrato. It then took part in the capture of Lodi and Milan. During the retreat, it fought in engagements near Ottagio and at the the passage of the Tanaro and took part in the sieges of Tortona, Serravalle and Alessandria. In 1746, it fought in the Battle of Piacenza. In 1747, it returned to Spain.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • no information available yet

Service during the War

In 1762, the regiment was selected to join the army assembling for the planned invasion of Portugal. It was allocated to the division of the Count de Maceda and, at the beginning of May, took up quarters in Ciudad Rodrigo. On June 5, it entered in Portugal. At the end of the campaign, on October 31, it took up quarters in Las Rozas. On November 14, it was transferred to Badajoz.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Ibrahim90
Uniform Details as per
the Album de Taccoli of 1759
Headgear black tricorne laced white with a red cockade fastened with a small white button
Neck stock white
Coat white with white buttons down to the pocket on the left side, 1 white button on each side in the small of the back and small white buttons on each side to fasten the basques
Collar none
Shoulder straps white aiguillette on the right shoulder
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 white buttons
Cuffs red, each with 4 white buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat red with white buttons
Breeches red
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt none
Waistbelt none
Cartridge Box n/a
Scabbard n/a
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth red laced with a wide silver braid decorated with a thin red braid
Housings red laced with a wide silver braid decorated with a thin red braid
Blanket roll n/a


Officers

no information available yet

Musicians

Musicians probably wore a uniform with reversed colours: red coat with white facings.

Colours

no information available yet

References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XV, Madrid, 1851-62, pp. 112-123

Other sources

Album de Taccoli, 1759

Acknowledgment

Juan José Torres and the Asociación Cultural de Modelismo Histórico Alabarda for the information and counselling provided for this article.