Chasseurs-à-pied d'Origny

From Project Seven Years War
Jump to: navigation, search

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Chasseurs-à-pied d'Origny

Origin and History

The unit was raised on January 4 1760 under the name of Chasseurs d'Origny. It was attached as foot jägers to Turpin Hussards. This unit counted 477 men, including its staff, and consisted of:

  • a staff of 2 officers
    • 1 lieutenant-colonel
    • 1 aide-major
  • 1 grenadier company of:
    • 3 officers
      • 1 captain
      • 1 lieutenant
      • 1 sub-lieutenant
    • 7 NCOs
      • 3 sergeants
      • 4 corporals
    • 4 anspessades (lance corporals)
    • 48 grenadiers
    • 1 drummer
  • 4 fusilier companies, each of:
    • 3 officers
      • 1 captain
      • 1 lieutenant
      • 1 sub-lieutenant
    • 10 NCOs
      • 4 sergeants
      • 6 corporals
    • 6 anspessades (lance corporals)
    • 82 fusiliers
    • 2 drummers

During the Seven Years' War, the unit was commanded by:

  • since January 4 1760 until March 27 1761: Lieutenant-Colonel M. d'Origny (killed in action during an attack on Waldeck)

The unit was disbanded on April 4 1761, a few days after the death of its commander.

Service during the War

On July 16 1760, the unit was part of Glaubitz's detachment which was attacked by surprise by the Hereditary Prince of Brunswick in the engagement of Emsdorf. It was posted to the west of the village of Erksdorf.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1760 - Source: Richard Couture adapted from a template by Jean-Louis Vial
Uniform Details as per the État Militaire of 1761 and Raspe in 1760
Headgear
Fusilier black tricorne laced white with a white cockade
Grenadier probably a bearskin
Neck stock black
Coat sky blue lined garance red
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels black, each with 6 pewter buttons grouped 2 by 2
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 pewter buttons and 3 black laced buttonholes (in a clover leaf shape)
Cuffs black, each with 2 pewter buttons
Turnbacks garance red
Waistcoat garance red with 8 pewter buttons and 8 black laced buttonholes (in a clover leaf shape)
Breeches garance red (straw as per Raspe)
Gaiters black
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt probably white (no information available)
Waistbelt probably white (no information available)
Cartridge Box no information available
Bayonet Scabbard black with brass fittings
Scabbard black with brass fittings


Armaments of light troops usually consisted of a musket, a bayonet and a sabre.

NCOs

no information found yet

Officers

Officers wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following differences:

  • silver embroidered buttonholes on the lapels, cuffs, pockets and waistcoat
  • no turnbacks
  • red breeches
  • black boots with white knee covers

Musicians

no information found yet

Colours

no information found yet

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 222

Other sources

Anon.: Recueil de toutes les troupes qui forment les Armées Francoise, dessinés et illuminé d'après nature; Nuremberg: Nicolas Gabriel Raspe; 1761

Bacquet, Capitaine d’infanterie: L’infanterie française au XVIIIe siècle – L’organisation, Paris: Berger-Levrault, 1907, p. 60

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006