Chevallerie Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Hanoverian Army >> Chevallerie Infantry

Origin and History

Private of Chevallerie Infantry in 1756 according to Anciennete 1756 - Copyright: Franco Saudelli

The regiment was raised in 1648 and garrisoned at Celle.

During the Seven Years War the successive regimental inhabers (owners) were:

  • since 1740: von der Schulenburg
  • from 1743: von Oberg
  • from 1756: de la Chevallerie


Service during the War

On July 26 1757, the regiment took part in the Battle of Hastenbeck where it was deployed in the centre under the command of Lieutenant-General Wutginau.

On February 23 1758, at 7:00 a.m., during the Allied winter offensive in Western Germany, the regiment was part of a detachment under the command of the Hereditary Prince who launched an attack on Hoya on the Weser. On May 26, the regiment was with Ferdinand's main force in the camp of Nottuln. On May 31, it accompanied Ferdinand in his offensive on the west bank of the Rhine. The regiment was initially left at Rees under Major-General von Brunck to guard the bridgehead. On June 23, the regiment fought in the Battle of Krefeld where it formed part of the 6 battalions led by Lieutenant-General von Oberg, deployed in the centre. Oberg was ordered to make diversion towards Sankt-Tönis. On October 10, the regiment fought in the Battle of Lutterberg as part of Major-General Post's Brigade, deployed in the first line of the centre.

In June 1759, the regiment was part of Wangenheim's Corps who had taken position at Dülmen in Westphalia to observe the movement of a French Corps under the Marquis d'Armentières. On August 1, the regiment took part in the Battle of Minden where it was deployed in Wangenheim's Corps between Kutenhausen and the Weser, in the first line of the infantry centre.

On July 10 1760, the regiment was present the Combat of Corbach where the Hereditary Prince vainly tried to prevent the junction of two French armies. The regiment was attached to the Reserve under Lieutenant-General von Gilsa and did not take part in the fighting.

On November 13 1761, at the end of the campaign in Western Germany, the Allied army took its cantonments to the exception of a corps (including this regiment) placed under the command of Lieutenant-General Conway who took position along the Huve near Einbeck.

By May 23 1762, the regiment was attached to the Allied Main Army led by Ferdinand of Brunswick. On June 24, the regiment fought in the Battle of Wilhelmsthal where it formed part of the 6th column under Spörcken.

Uniform

Hanoverian uniforms were gradually simplified throughout the Seven Years' War. In this article, we illustrate a uniform circa 1756 (Franco Saudelli's plate at the top of the article) and another version circa 1760 (Hannoverdidi's plate accompanying the following table).

Privates

Source: Hannoverdidi
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced yellow with a sprig of oak leaves, three yellow and red pom poms and a black cockade
Grenadier
Chevallerie Infantry Grenadier Mitre Cap - Source: Hannoverdidi
Prussian mitre in the British pattern with a small front flap. Middle yellow front with crowned red field bearing GR and the Order of the Garter and a blue scroll reading NEC ASPERA TERRENT. Small middle yellow flap with grenade and decorations. Red sack, middle yellow base lined with yellow lace.
Neck stock black
Coat red with 2 brass buttons and 2 yellow buttonholes under the lapels (hidden by the sleeve in our plate)
Collar none
Shoulder Straps red (left shoulder)
Lapels middle yellow, each with 7 brass buttons and 7 yellow buttonholes
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 2 brass buttons and 2 yellow buttonholes
Cuffs middle yellow (slashed in the British pattern), each with 3 brass buttons and 2 yellow buttonholes just above each cuff on the sleeves
Turnbacks middle yellow fastened with a brass button
Waistcoat middle yellow with 2 horizontal pockets, each with 3 brass buttons
Breeches straw yellow
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black
Footgear black


N.B.: several other sources, like the Brauer Knötel plates, depict this uniform with straw yellow and green as distinctive colour (straw yellow lapels, straw yellow cuffs, green turnbacks and green waistcoat). The uniform seems to have changed during the war.

Troopers were armed with a musket and a sword, and carried a dark brown haversack with a metal canteen on the left hip.

Officers

Officers had gold lace lining the cuffs and lapels, a black cockade hat, a gold gorget with the arms of Hanover in the centre and carried a yellow sash slung over the right shoulder. Sergeants wore straw gloves. Partizans were carried.

Musicians

Drummers wore a red coat with swallows nest and lace in yellow.

The drum pattern had hoops in alternating middle yellow and red diagonal stripes, white drum cords over a brass drum with the Arms of Hanover in the centre.

Colours

Colonel Colour: white field bearing the arms of Hanover (common to all Hanoverian infantry regiments except 10-B).

Colonel Colour - Source: Hannoverdidi

Regimental Colour: yellow field; centre device consisting of a trophy of arms containing nude figures and tassels in an inner circular shield; the shield is intertwined with laurels; a mailed arm carrying a sword emerging from clouds above four hillocks and a tree; above is a scroll reading IDEM PACIS MEDIUM QUE BELLI. Hereafter, we present an illustration from the Reitzenstein Sammlung, dating from circa 1761 (left) and the interpretation of Hannoverdidi (right).

Regimental Colour - Source: Interpretation of the Reitzenstein Sammlung (circa 1761)
Regimental Colour - Source: Interpretation of user Hannoverdidi

References

Biles, Bill: The Hanoverian Army in the 18th Century, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. VI No. 3

Gmundener Prachtwerk, circa 1761

Knötel, H. der Jung, and Hans M. Brauer: Uniformbogen Nr. 45, Berlin

Niemeyer, Joachim, and Georg Ortenburg: The Hanoverian Army during the Seven Years War

Pengel, R., and G. R. Hurt: German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762, Imperial Press

Reitzenstein Sammlung, Bomann Museum, Celle

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Vial J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.