Clare Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Clare Infanterie

Origin and History

Clare Infanterie Private - Source: Edmond Lajoux, Le Lys, l’Ancre et la Croix - Les régiments qui construisirent l’empire d’outre-mer 1665-1786 from the collection of Dr Marco Pagan

This Irish regiment was raised on June 18 1690 under the name of Mountcashel from Irish soldiers who had followed James II to France.

During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment served on the Rhine in 1733 and 1735.

During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment was initially stationed in Flanders in 1741. From 1743 to 1745, it served on the Rhine. It was supposed to take part in the expedition in Scotland but was finally sent to Flanders from 1746 to 1748.

The regiment counted only 1 battalion.

When the French infantry was reorganised in 1762, the regiment incorporated the disbanded Ogilvy Infanterie on December 21.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 93rd and was under the command of:

  • since August 3 1720 until his death on September 9 1761: Thomond Charles O'Brien, Comte de Clare
  • from September 20 1761 to 1775: Vicomte de Thomond


Service during the War

By August 1 1757, the regiment was stationed at Cherbourg in Lower Normandy.

At the beginning of August 1758, the regiment formed part of the French force defending Cherbourg during the second British expedition against the French Coasts. It garrisoned the town with Horion Infanterie.

By May 23 1760, the regiment was part of the first line of the infantry centre of Broglie's Army in Germany. By December 30, the regiment had taken its winter-quarters in Giessen.

In 1761, the regiment was stationed at Marburg.

To do: details of the campaigns from 1761 to 1762.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: rf-figuren
Uniform Details as per
Etrennes Militaires 1756 and 1758, Etat Militaire 1758, 1760 and 1761, Abrégé du Dictionnaire Militaire 1759 and Gal Hanotaux 1757

completed where necessary as per Mouillard
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced silver
Grenadier black tricorne laced silver
Neck stock black
Coat red lined yellow and 1 pewter button on each side at the small of the back
Collar yellow
Shoulder Straps yellow (left shoulder only)
Lapels one lapel running down to the waist on the same side as the buttons, 12 pewter buttons down to the waist grouped 2 by 2
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 4 pewter buttons on each pocket
Cuffs yellow narrow cuffs (en botte), each with 4 pewter buttons
Turnbacks yellow
Waistcoat red lined white with 2 rows of pewter buttons and white buttonholes on both sides
Breeches white
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Cross-belt probably natural leather
Waist-belt probably natural leather
Cartridge Box probably natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard n/a


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

N.B.: the uniform seems to have changed in 1762 during the general reorganisation. The coat was still red but lined white and with yellow lapels and a yellow shoulder strap.

Officers

no information available yet

Musicians

Drummers wore uniforms similar to those of the privates but with laces on the cuffs and arms of the coat.

Colours

Colonel colour: white field with a white cross; centre device consisting of a golden Irish harp surmounted by a golden crown with the motto In Hoc Signo Vinces; 1 gold crown in each corner.
Ordonnance colours: red and yellow opposed cantons with a red cross bordered white; centre device consisting of a golden Irish harp surmounted by a golden crown with the motto In Hoc Signo Vinces; 1 gold crown in each canton.
Colonel Colour - Source: PMPdeL
Ordonnance Colour - Source: PMPdeL

References

Évrard, P.: Praetiriti Fides

Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé (a website who has unfortunately disappeared from the web)

Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, pp. 208

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Service historique de l'armée de terre: Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757

Vial, J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.