Cossé Brissac Infanterie
Origin and History
The regiment was created by the regulation of March 1 1674.
During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment served on the Rhine from 1733 to 1735.
During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment initially served in Bavaria in 1742. In 1743, it was at Deckendorf and in 1744 at Fribourg. In 1745, it served under the prince de Conti in Alsace. From 1746 to 1748, it took part to various campaigns in Flanders. At the end of the war, the regiment was reduced to one battalion.
On March 10 1749, the regiment was brought back to two battalions by the incorporation of the disbanded Vivarais Infanterie.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 57th and was under the command of:
- since August 25 1749: Cossé duc de Brissac
- September 21 1759: chevalier de Lemps
- from November 30 1761 to 1780: vicomte de Puységur
In December 1762, when the French army was reorganised, the regiment took the name of the province of Vivarais.
Service during the War
In 1757, the regiment was considered as cheerful, noisy but otherwise well behaved. Somewhere between August 23 and September 6, it joined the Army of Saxony, led by Soubise, in the area of Erfurt and Eisenach. On September 27, it was brigaded with the Castellas and La Viefville Saint-Chamond regiments under prince Camille in the second line of the left wing of the Franco-Imperial Army. On November 5, the regiment was at Rossbach where it formed a brigade along with the La Viefville Saint-Chamond Regiment under M. de Custine. Their brigade supported the left flank of Piémont Infanterie in the first line. The regiment was badly mauled and its colonel and the lieutenant were wounded and taken prisoners. At the end of the year, the regiment took its winter quarters in Cleve on the Lower Rhine, in the fourth line of the French Army. The decimated regiment was later sent back to France.
In 1758, the regiment was on the coasts of Bretagne and took part to the combat of Saint Cast.
In April 1761, the regiment returned to Germany where it was brigaded with La Dauphine Infanterie and took part to the campaign of that year.
In 1762, the regiment, still brigaded with La Dauphine Infanterie, served in Germany. It then returned to France where it was stationed at Rennes, Dinan and Saint Servain.
Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.
The drummers of the regiment wore the livery of the colonel.
The livery of the House of Cossé Brissac was citron yellow coat, black cuffs, lapels and collar all linead in thick silver lace on the borders. The cut of the coat was similar to the ceremonial dress of "Cent-Suisses". i.e. it is open on the sleeves from the sholders to the cuffs with buttons at the ends and all along the cut (after Schirmer and Beneton). The arms of this same House were probably painted on the drums and consisted of a black shield with three horizontal yellow bands (the lower part of each band was dented surmonted by a crown).
The livery of the House of Prunier de Lemps is unknown but its arms were: a silver tower on a red field.
The colonel flag was white with a white cross. Ordonnance flags had a white cross and each canton consisted of red, yellow, green and black smaller cantons.
Evrard P.; Praetiriti Fides
Menguy, Patrice; Les Sujets du Bien Aimé
Mouillard, Lucien; Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris 1882
Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891
Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006
Vial J. L.; Nec Pluribus Impar
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