Origin and History
This Swiss regiment was raised on February 6 1690.
During the War of the Polish Succession, in 1735 and 1736, the regiment served on the left bank of the Rhine. In 1737, it was stationed at Givet.
During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment was initially stationed at Le Quesnoy in 1743. In 1744, it was at the attack of La Gardette. It then served in Flanders from 1745 to 1748.
The regiment counted two battalions and had prévôté (provostship).
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 91st and was under the command of:
- since March 6 1744 until February 19 1766: de Courten
Service during the War
By August 1 1757, the regiment was in Germany with the Army of the Weser. At the end of the year, it took its winter-quarters in Germany in the first line of the French Army at Verden on the Aller River.
In February 1758, when Ferdinand of Brunswick launched the Allied winter offensive in Western Germany, the regiment retired on the Rhine with the rest of the French army. From March 30 to April 4, it was in the second line of Clermont's Army in the camp of Wesel on the Lower Rhine. In April, when Clermont redeployed his army along the Rhine, the regiment was stationed at Willich near Krefeld. On May 31, when Ferdinand successfully crossed the Rhine with his army and undertook a campaign on the west bank of the Rhine, the regiment had already left the Lower Rhine theatre of operation and was on its way to Hesse to reinforce Soubise's Army. By July, it had joined this army assembling near Friedberg in Hesse. On October 10, it was present at the Battle of Lutterberg where it was placed in the centre of the first line.
In June 1759, at the beginning of the French offensive in Western Germany, the regiment was part of the “Right Reserve” under the command of the Duc de Broglie who had taken position at Friedberg in Hesse.
By May 23 1760, the regiment was part of the Reserve of the second line of Broglie's Army, placed under the command of M. d'Auvet. On June 15, Saint-Germain had assembled the Army of the Lower Rhine near Düsseldorf, the regiment was part of d'Auvet's Division who was sent to the right bank of the Rhine along with his 2 artillery brigades and 15 pontoons. On July 31, the regiment took part in the Battle of Warburg where it was deployed in the first line of the left wing. By December 30, the regiment had taken its winter-quarters in Lichtenau.
To do: campaigns from 1761 to 1762
|Coat||red lined blue with 12 pewter buttons down to the pocket on the right side
|Waistcoat||blue with a double row of pewter buttons and blue trimmed buttonholes down to the pockets|
|Breeches||blue (red as per Taccoli)|
Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.
Drummers wore a blue livery. The blue drum barrel was decorated with large yellow fleurs de lys and with the royal arms of France and Navarre.
Colonel colour: white cross; each canton consisted of 10 white flames.
Ordonnance colours: white cross; each canton consisted of 10 flames (yellow, black, red, yellow, black, red, yellow, black, red and yellow).
Bunel, Arnaud: Vexillologie militaire européenne] - Régiment de Vigier (Suisse)
Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé
Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris, 1882
Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 202
Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006
Service historique de l'armée de terre: Archives du génie, article 15, section 1, §5, pièce 23
Taccoli, Alfonso: Teatro Militare dell' Europa, Part 1, vol. 2; Madrid, March 1760
Vial, J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges