Courten Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Courten Infanterie

Origin and History

This Swiss regiment was raised on February 6 1690.

During the War of the Polish Succession, in 1735 and 1736, the regiment served on the left bank of the Rhine. In 1737, it was stationed at Givet.

During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment was initially stationed at Le Quesnoy in 1743. In 1744, it was at the attack of La Gardette. It then served in Flanders from 1745 to 1748.

The regiment counted two battalions and had prévôté (provostship).

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 91st and was under the command of:

  • since March 6 1744 until February 19 1766: de Courten

Service during the War

By August 1 1757, the regiment was in Germany with the Army of the Weser. At the end of the year, it took its winter-quarters in Germany in the first line of the French Army at Verden on the Aller River.

In February 1758, when Ferdinand of Brunswick launched the Allied winter offensive in Western Germany, the regiment retired on the Rhine with the rest of the French army. From March 30 to April 4, it was in the second line of Clermont's Army in the camp of Wesel on the Lower Rhine. In April, when Clermont redeployed his army along the Rhine, the regiment was stationed at Willich near Krefeld. On May 31, when Ferdinand successfully crossed the Rhine with his army and undertook a campaign on the west bank of the Rhine, the regiment had already left the Lower Rhine theatre of operation and was on its way to Hesse to reinforce Soubise's Army. By July, it had joined this army assembling near Friedberg in Hesse. On October 10, it was present at the Battle of Lutterberg where it was placed in the centre of the first line.

In June 1759, at the beginning of the French offensive in Western Germany, the regiment was part of the “Right Reserve” under the command of the Duc de Broglie who had taken position at Friedberg in Hesse.

By May 23 1760, the regiment was part of the Reserve of the second line of Broglie's Army, placed under the command of M. d'Auvet. On June 15, Saint-Germain had assembled the Army of the Lower Rhine near Düsseldorf, the regiment was part of d'Auvet's Division who was sent to the right bank of the Rhine along with his 2 artillery brigades and 15 pontoons. On July 31, the regiment took part in the Battle of Warburg where it was deployed in the first line of the left wing. By December 30, the regiment had taken its winter-quarters in Lichtenau.

To do: campaigns from 1761 to 1762

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: rf-figuren
Uniform Details as per
Etrennes Militaires 1756 and 1758, Etat militaire 1758, 1760 and 1761, and Abrégé du dictionnaire militaire 1759

completed where necessary with information from Taccoli's, Pajol's book and Mouillard's uniform plates
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced silver (with a white cockade as per Taccoli)
Grenadier black tricorne laced silver

towards 1759, bearskins became increasingly common among grenadiers of the French Army

Neck&sbsp;stock probably black
Coat red lined blue with 12 pewter buttons down to the pocket on the right side
Collar red
Shoulder Straps blue fastened with a pewter button (as per Mouillard)
Lapels red (left side only) with 12 blue trimmed buttonholes down to the pocket
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with with 3 pewter buttons and 3 blue trimmed buttonholes
Cuffs blue, each with 3 pewter buttons
Turnbacks none (Taccoli, in his work published in 1760, depicts blue turnbacks)
Waistcoat blue with a double row of pewter buttons and blue trimmed buttonholes down to the pockets
Breeches blue (red as per Taccoli)
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard n/a


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

n/a

Musicians

Drummers wore a blue livery. The blue drum barrel was decorated with large yellow fleurs de lys and with the royal arms of France and Navarre.

Colours

Colonel colour: white cross; each canton consisted of 10 white flames.

Ordonnance colours: white cross; each canton consisted of 10 flames (yellow, black, red, yellow, black, red, yellow, black, red and yellow).

Colonel Colour - Source: PMPdeL
Ordonnance Colour - Source: PMPdeL

References

Bunel, Arnaud: Vexillologie militaire européenne] - Régiment de Vigier (Suisse)

Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé

Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris, 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 202

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Service historique de l'armée de terre: Archives du génie, article 15, section 1, §5, pièce 23

Taccoli, Alfonso: Teatro Militare dell' Europa, Part 1, vol. 2; Madrid, March 1760

Vial, J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges