Cronhjelmska Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Swedish Army >> Cronhjelmska Infantry

Origin and History

This permanent "Varvade" regiment was formed in 1722 with troops originating from various units. It recruited at Sveaborg.

This permanent unit consisted of 1,088 men in 2 battalions of 4 companies. Each company had 125 privates and 11 officers, NCOs and musicians.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • since 1752 until 1762: Johan Cronhjelm

Service during the War

During the entire Seven Years' War, the regiment garrisoned the fortress of Sveaborg (actual Suomenlinna) in Finland while 69 men were detached to Karlskrona..

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1756 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with a tin button on the left side
Grenadier Prussian style mitre with a blue bag (because of the great similarity of the Prussian and Swedish grenadiers, in the field the mitre was covered with a black wax cloth)
Neckstock black
Coat dark blue with 10 tin buttons down the front with white trimmed buttonholes and 2 tin buttons at the small of the back
Collar white
Shoulder Straps on the left shoulder with one tin button
Lapels none
Pockets on each side with 3 tin buttons each
Cuffs white
Turnbacks white
Waistcoat white
Breeches dark blue
Gaiters white stockings with brown leather strap at knee
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt broad white leather shoulder-strap
Waistbelt white with brass buckle
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard none
Scabbard black with brass fittings
Footgear black shoes with brass buckles

Troopers were armed with a sword and a musket. The bayonet was permanently fixed to the musket.

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • a silver lace on the tricorne
  • brass buttons (smaller than those of officers)

NCOs carried halberds but no cane.

Officers

Officers wore a blue uniform (coat) with blue distinctives (collar, cuffs, turnbacks). They were further distinguished from privates by:

  • a gold lace on the tricorne
  • no turnbacks on the coat
  • a silver gorget
  • brass buttons
  • blue or black breeches (breeches of the same colour as those of the privates were also worn)

N.B.: contrarily to the custom in other armies, Swedish officers did not wear any sash

Horses were equipped with blue housing with a white border.

Musicians

Musicians probably wore a white coat with blue swallow nests on the shoulders.

The drum had a brass barrel. Rims were blue edged yellow.

Colours

The pikes used as staffs to carry the colours were always yellow. The Liffana had gold finials while the Kompanifana had steel finials. The colours measured 2.12 x 1.70 m. (1.81 x 1.33 m. as per Clifford).

Liffana (Colonel flag): white field; centre device was the crowned King's monogram surrounded by palm branches tied with a gold or yellow ribbon.

Kompanifana (Ordonnance flag): gironed field with an upper triangle of light blue and yellow diagonal stripes, a lower light blue triangle and yellow left and right triangles; centre device consisting of a golden crown; the golden cipher “F” surmounted by a crown; a small golden cipher in each corner (some details of this colour are speculative because a detailed description was not available).

Liffana - Source: Hannoverdidi
Kompanifana - Source: rf-figuren

The colonel's battalion carried the Liffana and a Kompanifana. The lieutenant-colonel's battalion carried 2 Kompanifanor.

References

Großer Generalstab: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen - Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 6 Leuthen, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher), Berlin 1904, pp.92-107, Annex pp. 11-16

Högman, Hans: Svenska regementen under indelningsverkets dagar (broken link)

Pengel, R. D. and G. R. Hurt: Swedish Army in Pomerania – 1757-1763, Birmingham, 1983

Purky, Jim: Swedish Army Organization, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1

Säwe, Teofron: Sveriges deltagande i Sjuåriga Kriget Åren 1757-1762, Beijers Bokförlagsaktiebolag, Stockholm, 1915

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, vol. III, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989, pp. 25-38

Schorr, Dan: Swedish Flags 1757-1762 - Part II Infantry Flags, The Courrier, March-April 1980

Schorr, Dan: Uniforms of the Swedish Army, 1757-1762, The Courrier, June-July 1979

Wilson, Peter: The Swedish Army in 1756, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.