Dachenhausen Cavalry

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Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1665.

The regimental inhabers were:

  • since 1734: von Montigny
  • 1754: C. von Dachenhausen
  • 1758: Aug. Bremer (Alt-Bremer)

The regiment was disbanded in 1803.

Service during the War

On July 26 1757, the regiment took part in the battle of Hastenbeck where it was detached from the main army and posted near Afferde along with Schlütter Horse. During the battle, the squadrons took position in a defile between Afferde and Diedersen to cover the extreme left rear of the Hanoverian position. Ordered to counter-attack the French in Obensburg, the brigade was wildly successful as the French, in their confusion, fired on their Swiss allies thinking they were advancing Hanoverians. However, the recapture of Obensburg was short-lived as the French cavalry soon arrived and the Hanoverian cavalry withdrew covering the retreat of the rest of Cumberland's force.

On May 26 1758, the regiment was with Ferdinand's main force in the camp of Nottuln. On May 31, it accompanied Ferdinand in his offensive on the west bank of the Rhine. On June 23, the regiment took part in the battle of Krefeld where it was deployed in the centre as part of the brigade under Lieutenant-general von Oberg whose division was ordered to make diversion towards Sankt-Tönis.

In June 1759, the regiment was part of the Allied Main Army under the command of Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick. On August 1, it was present at the battle of Minden where it was deployed in the second line of the cavalry right wing commanded by Lord Sackville whose deliberate inactivity kept the unit out of any serious action.

On July 31 1760, the regiment took part in the battle of Warburg where it was deployed between Ossendorf and Menne in the third line of the cavalry centre.

On February 15 1761, the regiment took part in the combat of Langensalza. From 7:30 AM, Major von Falkenberg at the head of one squadron of the regiment delayed the Saxon infantry regiment Prinz Anton for more than two hours till the arrival of Lieutenant-general Reden followed by his regiment (Reden Dragoons). On February 19, Luckner's Corps, reinforced with 4 sqns (this regiment along with Veltheim Cavalry), attacked the barricaded bridge at Vacha, drove back the defenders and made itself master of the town, forcing Stainville to retire from this town. On July 16, the regiment was at the battle of Vellinghausen where it was deployed in the second line of the right wing under the command of the Hereditary Prince of Brunswick. It unit was effectively kept out of combat.

By May 23 1762, the regiment served with the Main Allied Army where it was attached to Lieutenant-general von Hodenberg's Division. On June 24, it took part in the battle of Wilhelmsthal where it was attached to the 5th column under the Prince von Anhalt. On August 30, the regiment took part in the combat of Nauheim where it was attached to Luckner's Corps.

Uniform

Accurate Vorstellung der saemtlichen Churfürstl. hannöverischen Armee zur eigentlichen Kentniß der Uniform von jedem Regimente nebst beygefügter Geschichte, worinne von der Stiftung, denen Chefs, der Staercke und den wichtigsten Thaten jedes Regiments Nachricht gegeben wird Nürnberg: Raspe 1763 (Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt)

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Hannoverdidi
Uniform Details
Headgear black tricorne laced white with oak leaves as a field sign, a black cockade and a white small bob on the hat (green bobs in 1761)
Neckstock black
Coat white with 6 pewter buttons grouped 2 by 2 on the right side and 1 pewter button at the small of the back on each side
Collar none
Shoulderknot none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal, each with 3 pewter buttons
Cuffs apple green with 3 pewter buttons
Turnbacks apple green
Waistcoat straw edged apple green
Breeches chamois
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt buff
Waistbelt buff
Cartridge Box black
Scabbard black
Footgear black
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth basic color apple green; border pattern of red, blue, yellow and white leaves in no special order; emblem white horse on red ground over green turf within a blue garter white lettering, above is a crown gold with red interior
Green and white girth in 1761.
Sabretache see saddlecloth
Blanket roll apple green


Troopers were armed with a Pallasch (straight steel hilted sword), two pistols and a carbine. The carbine was slung from the shoulder belt on a swivel hook.

Officers

Officers wore a yellow silken sash around the waist; a silver gorget, a silver porte-epee; silver lace on the tricorne; gold lace around the collar and cuffs. They did not carry any cross-belt.

NCOs

NCO had silver laces on the cuffs, pockets, and waistcoat. They did not carry any cross-belt.

Musicians

Musicians comprised trumpeters and one kettle-drummer. They were dressed in reverse colours and probably swallow nests at the shoulders. Staff trumpeter probably carried NCO distinctives.

The kettle-drums were made of copper.

The kettle-drum apron and trumpet banners were green fringed in gold and carried the Springing White Horse surmounted by an Electoral crown; the motto “NEC ASPERA TERRENT” underneath.

Colours

The regiment carried one Leibstandarte and one regimental standard.

Colonel Standard (Leibstandarte): white field , there is no mention of the colour of the fringe and embroideries, here we assume them to be silver to fit with the colour of the buttons of the uniform:

  • obverse: centre device consisting of the initials “GR” within a garter supported by a crowned lion and a unicorn, the whole surmounted by a golden crown with red cushions surrounded by golden embroideries; the motto “DIEU ET MON DROIT” underneath
  • reverse: centre device consisting of a scene depicting St. George fighting the dragon, surmounted by the motto “VIRTUS ANIMI SUPERAT OMNIA”

This standard kept at the Hannover Historisches Museum (inventory number VM 16997) measures 51 cm high and 64 cm wide. Its flagpole has a length of 268 cm.

Leib Standard – Source: rf-figuren

Regimental Standard: green field, there is no mention of the colour of the fringe and embroideries, here we assume them to be silver to fit with the colour of the buttons of the uniform:

  • obverse: centre device consisting of a White Horse on a red ground within the Garter; the motto “NEC ASPERA TERRENT” underneath
  • reverse: centre device consisting of an allegory embroidered in gold depicting Fame; the motto “ARMA VIROSQUE CANO” above
Regimental Standard – Source: rf-figuren

References

Deutsche Uniformen, Bd. 1, Das Zeitalter Friedrich des Großen, 240 Bilder von Herbert Knötel d. J., Text und Erläuterungen von Dr. Martin Letzius, hrsg. von der Sturm-Zigaretten GmbH, Dresden 1932

Knötel, R.: Farbiges Handbuch der Uniformkunde: Die Entwicklung der militärischen Tracht der deutschen Staaten, Österreich-Ungarns und der Schweiz. Begründet von Prof. Richard Knötel. Grundlegend überarbeitet und bis zum Stand von 1937 fortgeführt von Herbert Knötel d.J. und Herbert Sieg. Dem Stand der Forschung angepaßt und ergänzt von Ingo Pröper, überarbeitete Neuauflage, Stuttgart 1985

Knötel, Richard: Die Uniformen des Hannoverschen Heeres 1763 und 1770. Part I : Das Heer von 1763, in: Mitteilungen zur Geschichte der militärischen Tracht, vol. XVI, no. 1-4 (1909), page 3-15

Knötel, Richard: Die Uniformen des Hannoverschen Heeres 1763 und 1770. Part II: Das Heer von 1770, in: Mitteilungen zur Geschichte der militärischen Tracht, vol. XVI, no. 4-5 (1909), page 15-20

Knötel, Richard: Die Uniformen des Hannoverschen Heeres 1763 und 1770. Kurze Stammliste. 1617 bis 1803, in: Mitteilungen zur Geschichte der militärischen Tracht, vol. XVI, no. 6-11 (1909), page 22-42

Lawson, Cecil C. P., A History of the Uniforms of the British Army - from the Beginnings to 1760, vol. II

Manley, S., Uniforms of the Danish and German States' Armies 1739 - 1748, Potsdam Publications

Niemeyer Joachim, Ortenburg Georg: Die Chur-braunschweig-lüneburgische Armee im Siebenjährigen Kriege: Das Gmundener Prachtwerk, Beckum 1976

Niemeyer, Joachim and Georg Ortenburg: The Hanoverian Army during the Seven Years War; Deutsche Gesellschaft für Heereskunde

Pengel, R.D, Hurt G.R.: Seven Years War. Brunswick-Luneburg (Hanover). Hessen Cassel. Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel. Schaumburg Lippe. Supplement, Birmingham 1984

Pengel & Hurt, German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762, Imperial Press

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, hrsg. von der KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, überarb. u. aktual. Neuauflage 1989

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Uniformierung der kurhannoverschen Infanterie 1714 - 1803 in: Zeitschrift für Heereskunde, 1970

Schirmer, Friedrich: Nec Aspera Terrent: Eine Heereskunde der hannoverschen Armee von 1631 bis 1803, Niedersächische Hausbücherei, Bd. 3, Hannover 1929

Sichart, Louis von: Geschichte der Königlich-Hannoverschen Armee. Dritter Band. Vierter Zeitraum. 1756-1789, Hanover 1870 [google books]

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.