Di Stampa Cuirassiers

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Austrian Army >> Di Stampa Cuirassiers

Origin and History

Pfalz-Birkenfeld and later Di Stampa Cuirassiers between 1740 and 1769. - Source: Ottenfeld and Teuber Die östereichische Armee von 1700-1867

The regiment was raised in 1636 by Claus Dietrich Sperreuter, a former Swedish general.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment inhaber was:

  • since 1740: Prinz Wilhelm von Pfalz-Birkenfeld
  • from 1761: Cajetan count Stampa

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • 1756: Max baron von Rechbach
  • 1758: Abraham baron von Gersdorff

The regiment was disbanded in 1775.

Service during the War

In June 1756, at the beginning of the Seven Years' War, the regiment was stationed in Eastern Hungary and counted 806 men and 772 horses. In September, it was in Northern Bohemia with Piccolomini's covering force in the Königshof-Kolin region.

On June 18 1757, the regiment took part to the battle of Kolin. It was part of Castiglione’s brigade in the corps of count Colloredo held in reserve behind the centre. On November 22, the regiment took part to the battle of Breslau where it was deployed in count Kollowrat's brigade, in the second line of the cavalry left wing under count Stampach. On December 5 at the battle of Leuthen, the regiment was deployed in Kolowrat's brigade in the second line of the cavalry left wing under general Serbelloni.

By August 2 1758, the regiment was part of the reserve of the main Austrian army under the command of Daun near Jaromirs. Daun was following up the Prussian army retiring through Bohemia after the failure of the Prussian invasion of Moravia.

To do: campaigns from 1759 to 1762

Uniform

Privates

Uniform around 1762 - Source: Frédéric Aubert from a plate of Richard Couture and Ibrahim90 and from an illustration of the Albertina Handschrift
Uniform Details
as per the Albertina Handschrift of 1762

completed with other sources when necessary
Headgear
Trooper black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade fastened with a small brass button
Carabinier black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade fastened with a small brass button
Neckstock black
Coat white with one row of 14 brass buttons on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder strap red fastened with a brass button
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 brass buttons
Cuffs red with 3 brass buttons
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat white with 2 rows of brass buttons
Breeches red
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather (according to an illustration of the Bautzener Bilderhandschrift of 1762)
Waistbelt none
Cartridge Box n/a
Scabbard black with brass decorations
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth red bordered by a red and white lace (according to an illustration of the Bautzener Bilderhandschrift of 1762)
Sabretache red bordered by a red and white lace (according to an illustration of the Bautzener Bilderhandschrift of 1762)
Blanket roll white and red (according to an illustration of the Bautzener Bilderhandschrift of 1762)


Troopers were armed with a black breastplate (worn over the coat), a pallasch (sword) and a pair of pistols. Carabiniers also carried a carbine.

Other interpretations

The Bautzener Bilderhandschrift of 1762 shows a lace on the tricorne and a red neckstock.

Officers

The officers (according to the Bautzener Bilderhandschrift of 1762) wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:

  • laced tricorne with a green and white cockade
  • blue saddlecloth and sabretache both laced in red and fringed in yellow

Musicians

The aprons of the trumpets were yellow with black ciphers. No information has been found about the decoration of the kettledrums.

Musicians wore a uniform very similar to troopers. However, they had two red ribbons fastened to the back of their coat at the level of the shoulder blades.

Colours

Leib Standard: no information found yet

Colonel Standard (hypothetical) – Source: Frédéric Aubert

Regimental Standard: no information found yet (Shown on the reverse : the Birkenfeld old Coat of Arms)

Regiment Standard (hypothetical) – Source: Frédéric Aubert

References

Bleckwenn, Hans: Die Regimenter der Kaiserin, Gedanken zur "Albertina Handschrift" 1762 des Heeresgeschichtlichen Museums Wien, Köln: 1967

Friese, Ulf-Joachim: Quellen zur Uniformierung der österreichisch-ungarischen Armee 1740-1763

Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Grosser Generalstab: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Hiller, Berlin, 1830-1913

Knötel, Richard: Uniformkunde. Lose Blätter zur Geschichte der Entwicklung der militärischen Tracht, 18 Bde., Rathenow 1890-1919

Kornauth, Friedrich: Das Heer Maria Theresias: Faksimile-Ausgabe der Albertina-Handschrift, "Dessins des Uniformes des Troupes I.I. et R.R. de l'année 1762", Wien: 1973

Raspe: Accurate Vorstellung der sämtlichen Kayserlich Koeniglichen Armeen zur eigentlichen Kentnis der Uniform von jedem Regimente. Nebst beygefügter Geschichte, worinne von der Stiftung, denen Chefs, der Staercke, und den wichtigsten Thaten jedes Regiments Nachricht gegeben wird., Nürnberg: 1762

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, hrsg. von der KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, überarb. u. aktual. Neuauflage 1989

Thümmler, L.-H.: Die Österreichiches Armee im Siebenjährigen Krieg: Die Bautzener Bilderhandschrift aus dem Jahre 1762, Berlin 1993

Zahn, Michael: Oesterreichische Kürassier und Dragoner Standarten in Siebenjährigen Krieges, Zusammenstellung, 1988