Diepenbroick Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Hanoverian Army >> Diepenbroick Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1692 and garrisoned at Buxehude and Bremervorde.

During the Seven Years War the regimental inhabers were:

  • from 1756: von Diepenbroick
  • from 1759: von Rhoedern
  • from 1762: Prinz Ernst von Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Service during the War

On July 26 1757, during the French invasion of Hanover, the regiment took part in the Battle of Hastenbeck where it was deployed in the first line of the right wing under the command of General Block.

On May 26 1758, the regiment was with Ferdinand's main force in the camp of Nottuln. On May 31, it accompanied Ferdinand in his offensive on the west bank of the Rhine. On June 17, when Spörcken set off from his camp at Rheinberg, he left the regiment at Orsoy. On October 10, the regiment fought in the Battle of Lutterberg where it was deployed the first line of the centre.

In June 1759, the regiment was part of the main Allied army under the command of Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick. On July 27 in the afternoon, the Hereditary Prince set off from Petershagen, near Minden, with 6 bns, including this regiment, and 8 dragoon sqns, a corps totalling some 6,000 men, and marched south-westward to Lübbecke to threaten the French left flank and the supply line between Minden and Paderborn. On August 1, the regiment was part of the right wing of the corps of the Hereditary Prince who attacked and defeated Brissac's French corps in the engagement of Gohfeld.

On July 10 1760, the regiment was present at the Combat of Corbach where it was attached to the Reserve under the Prince von Anhalt. This reserve did not take part to the combat.

On February 15 1761, the regiment fought in the Combat of Langensalza. On March 21, it took part in the engagement of Grünberg where it was taken prisoners. By July 16, it had been exchanged and was attached to Spörcken's Corps, remaining at Herzfeld on the left bank of the Lippe during the Battle of Vellinghausen.

By May 23 1762, the regiment served in the main Allied army, in Lieutenant-General Count Kielmansegg's Division. On June 24, the regiment took part in the Battle of Wilhelmsthal.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Hannoverdidi
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with a sprig of oak leaves, three red pom poms and a black cockade
Grenadier
Diepenbroick Infantry Grenadier Mitre Cap - Source: Hannoverdidi
Prussian mitre in the British pattern with a small front flap. Pewter front bearing crowned coat of arms. Small pewter flap embossed with crowned GR. Red sack, white base piped with white lace.
Neck stock black
Coat red with 2 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes under the lapels
Collar none
Shoulder Straps red (left shoulder)
Lapels white with 7 pewter buttons and 7 white buttonholes
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 2 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes
Cuffs white (slashed in the British pattern), each with 3 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes just above each cuff on the sleeves
Turnbacks white fastened with a pewter button
Waistcoat white with 2 horizontal pockets, each with 3 pewter buttons
Breeches straw yellow
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black
Footgear black


Troopers were armed with a musket and a sword, and carried a dark brown haversack with a metal canteen on the left hip.

Officers

Officers had silver lace lining the cuffs and lapels, a black cockade hat, a gold gorget with the arms of Hanover in the centre and carried a yellow sash slung over the right shoulder. Sergeants wore straw gloves. Partizans were carried.

Musicians

Drummers wore a red coat with swallows nest and lace in white.

The drum pattern had hoops in alternating white and red diagonal stripes, white drum cords over a brass drum with the Arms of Hanover in the centre.

Colours

Colonel Colour: Exceptionally this regiment had its own colonel colour which had a white field; centre device consisting of a Lion couchant surmounted by a yellow scroll carrying the motto UT ALI DORMIANT.

Colonel Colour – Source: Hannoverdidi

Regimental Colour: red field; centre device consisting of a Lion couchant surmounted by a yellow scroll carrying the motto UT ALI DORMIANT. Hereafter, we present an illustration from the Reitzenstein Sammlung, dating from circa 1761 (left) and the interpretation of Hannoverdidi (right).

Regimental Colour - Source: Interpretation of the Reitzenstein Sammlung (circa 1761)
Regimental Colour - Source: Interpretation of user Hannoverdidi

References

Biles, Bill: The Hanoverian Army in the 18th Century, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. VI No. 3

Gmundener Prachtwerk, circa 1761

Knötel, H. der Jüngere, and Hans M. Brauer: Uniformbogen Nr. 45, Berlin

Niemeyer, Joachim, and Georg Ortenburg: The Hanoverian Army during the Seven Years War

Pengel, R., and G. R. Hurt: German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762, Imperial Press

Reitzenstein Sammlung, Bomann Museum, Celle

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Vial, J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar