Diepenbroick Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Hanoverian Army >> Diepenbroick Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was created in 1692 for Brigadier La Motte with three companies contributed by the Celler Boisdavid Infantry and three companies by La Motte Infantry. The new regiment was immediately sent to Hungary to fight the Turks and took part in the siege of Grosswardein. In 1693, it was at the siege of Belgrade. In 1694, it participated in the defence of Peterwardein. At the end of the same year, when it returned home, it ceded two companies back to their original regiments but its total strength was maintained at six companies. Furthermore, Brigadier La Motte returned to his former regiment, being replaced by Lieutenant-Colonel Tozin at the head of the present regiment. In 1695, two new companies were added to the regiment but were disbanded in 1697.

In 1696, during the Nine Years' War (1688–97), the regiment was among the reinforcements sent to the Netherlands by the Duchy of Lüneburg.

In 1701, on the eve of the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-13), the regiment received two additional companies. In 1702, it marched to the Netherlands and took part in the capture of Liège. In 1703, it participated in the Battle of Ekeren; and in 1704, in the battles of Schellenberg and Blenheim. In 1705, the regiment was incorporated in the Hanoverian Army. It took part in the capture of Sintvliet. In 1706, it participated in the Battle of Ramillies and in the siege and capture of Menin; in 1708, in the Battle of Oudenarde and in the covering of the siege of Lille; in 1709, in the siege of Tournai and in the sanguinary Battle of Malplaquet; and in 1711, in the sieges of Douai and Bouchain. In 1712, it served on the Rhine.

In 1714, the regiment returned home.

In 1719, the regiment was part of the force sent against the Russians and Mecklenburgers and fought in the action of Wallsmühlen. After the capture of Schwerin, it formed part of the garrison of the place.

In 1733, the regiment was once more sent to Mecklenburg to quench troubles and to lift the blockade of the Castle of Güstow.

In 1738, the regiment marched against the Danes to Steinhorst.

In 1742, during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), the regiment was sent to the Austrian Netherlands. In 1743, it took part in the Battle of Dettingen before returning to Brabant. In 1745, it was transferred to the Rhine. In 1746, it returned to Brabant where it fought in the Battle of Rocoux. In 1747, it took part in the Battle of Lauffeld.

During the Seven Years War the regimental inhabers were:

  • from 1750: Colonel Gustav Wilhelm von Diepenbroick (promoted to major-general in 1757, retired as lieutenant-general in 1759)
  • from 1759: Colonel Carl Ludwig von Rhoedern (aka Rhoeden, retired as major-general in 1762)
  • from 1762: Ernst Gottlob Albrecht, Prince von Mecklenburg-Strelitz (promoted to major-general in 1763 and to lieutenant-general in 1776)

Service during the War

In April 1756, the regiment was part of the Allied reinforcements sent to Great Britain.

In March 1757, the regiment was sent back to the continent. On July 26, during the French invasion of Hanover, the regiment took part in the Battle of Hastenbeck where it was deployed in the first line of the right wing under the command of General Block.

On May 26 1758, the regiment was with Ferdinand's main force in the camp of Nottuln. On May 31, it accompanied Ferdinand in his offensive on the west bank of the Rhine. On June 17, when Spörcken set off from his camp at Rheinberg, he left the regiment at Orsoy. On October 10, the regiment fought in the Battle of Lutterberg where it was deployed the first line of the centre. In this battle, the regiment lost Captain-Lieutenant von Platen, killed; Lieutenant-Colonel Cwachtmann, Major von Schenk and Captain von Korf, wounded.

In June 1759, the regiment was part of the main Allied army under the command of Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick. On July 27 in the afternoon, the Hereditary Prince set off from Petershagen, near Minden, with 6 bns, including this regiment, and 8 dragoon sqns, a corps totalling some 6,000 men, and marched south-westward to Lübbecke to threaten the French left flank and the supply line between Minden and Paderborn. On August 1, the regiment was part of the right wing of the corps of the Hereditary Prince who attacked and defeated Brissac's French corps in the engagement of Gohfeld. In October, the regiment distinguished itself at the siege of Münster, repulsing a sortie. After the capture of Münster, the regiment took up its winter-quarters in the place.

On July 10 1760, the regiment was present at the Combat of Corbach where it was attached to the Reserve under the Prince von Anhalt. This reserve did not take part to the combat. On September 19, the regiment fought in the engagement of Löwenhagen.

On February 15 1761, the regiment fought in the Combat of Langensalza. On March 21, it took part in the engagement of Grünberg where it was taken prisoners while acting as rearguard during the retreat. By June, it had been exchanged and allocated to Spörcken's Corps posted on the Diemel near Warburg. On June 29, Broglie tried to isolate this corps from the main Allied army. During the retreat, the regiment covered Spörcken's baggage and artillery. The French attacked this rearguard near Brakel and the regiment lost a few officers. On July 16, it was attached to Spörcken's Corps, remaining at Herzfeld on the left bank of the Lippe during the Battle of Vellinghausen. In August, the regiment was attached to Luckner's Corps who attacked French outposts at Dassel, Uslar and Hörter, taking 500 dragoons and many foot prisoners and capturing 2 guns, 3 colours and more than 800 horses and mules. On October 13, the regiment contributed to the relief of Braunschweig.

By May 23 1762, the regiment served in the main Allied army, in Lieutenant-General Count Kielmansegg's Division. On June 24, the regiment took part in the Battle of Wilhelmsthal.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Hannoverdidi
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with a sprig of oak leaves, three red pom poms and a black cockade
Grenadier
Diepenbroick Infantry Grenadier Mitre Cap - Source: Hannoverdidi
Prussian mitre in the British pattern with a small front flap. Pewter front bearing crowned coat of arms. Small pewter flap embossed with crowned GR. Red sack, white base piped with white lace.
Neck stock black
Coat red with 2 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes under the lapels
Collar none
Shoulder Straps red (left shoulder)
Lapels white with 7 pewter buttons and 7 white buttonholes
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 2 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes
Cuffs white (slashed in the British pattern), each with 3 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes just above each cuff on the sleeves
Turnbacks white fastened with a pewter button
Waistcoat white with 2 horizontal pockets, each with 3 pewter buttons
Breeches straw yellow
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black
Footgear black


Troopers were armed with a musket and a sword, and carried a dark brown haversack with a metal canteen on the left hip.

Officers

Officers had silver lace lining the cuffs and lapels, a black cockade hat, a gold gorget with the arms of Hanover in the centre and carried a yellow sash slung over the right shoulder. Sergeants wore straw gloves. Partizans were carried.

Musicians

Drummers wore a red coat with swallows nest and lace in white.

The drum pattern had hoops in alternating white and red diagonal stripes, white drum cords over a brass drum with the Arms of Hanover in the centre.

Colours

Colonel Colour: Exceptionally this regiment had its own colonel colour which had a white field; centre device consisting of a Lion couchant surmounted by a yellow scroll carrying the motto UT ALI DORMIANT.

Colonel Colour – Source: Hannoverdidi

Regimental Colour: red field; centre device consisting of a Lion couchant surmounted by a yellow scroll carrying the motto UT ALI DORMIANT. Hereafter, we present an illustration from the Reitzenstein Sammlung, dating from circa 1761 (left) and the interpretation of Hannoverdidi (right).

Regimental Colour - Source: Interpretation of the Reitzenstein Sammlung (circa 1761)
Regimental Colour - Source: Interpretation of user Hannoverdidi

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

Other Sources

Biles, Bill: The Hanoverian Army in the 18th Century, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. VI No. 3

Gmundener Prachtwerk, circa 1761

Knötel, H. der Jüngere, and Hans M. Brauer: Uniformbogen Nr. 45, Berlin

Niemeyer, Joachim, and Georg Ortenburg: The Hanoverian Army during the Seven Years War

Pengel, R., and G. R. Hurt: German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762, Imperial Press

Reitzenstein Sammlung, Bomann Museum, Celle

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Vial, J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.