Dillon Infanterie

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Origin and History

This Irish regiment was raised on June 18 1690 from Irish soldiers who had followed James II to France.

During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment served in Flanders from 1745 to 1748.

The regiment counted only 1 battalion.

When the French infantry was reorganised in 1762, the regiment incorporated the disbanded Lally Infanterie on December 21.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 94th and was under the command of:

  • since April 1744: Dillon

In 1775, the regiment was incorporated into Bulkeley Infanterie.

Service during the War

By August 1 1757, the regiment was garrisoning Saint-Valérie in Picardie.

By May 23 1760, the regiment was part of the first line of the infantry centre of Broglie's Army. By December 30, the regiment had taken its winter-quarters in Marburg.

N.B.: as per Pajol, the regiment was sent to India in 1757 and, on January 15 1761, became prisoners of war and was brought back to France. Pajol might have confused this regiment with Lally Infanterie who did serve in India and was later incorporated into Dillon Infanterie.

To do: details of the campaigns of 1761 and 1762.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: rf-figuren
Uniform Details as per
Etrennes Militaires 1756 and 1758, Etat Militaire 1758, 1760 and 1761, Abrégé du Dictionnaire Militaire 1759

completed where necessary as per Taccoli
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced gold
Grenadier black tricorne laced gold
Neckstock black
Coat red lined white with 12 copper buttons down to the pockets and 1 copper button on each side at the small of the back
Collar red
Shoulder Strap red fastened with a small copper button
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 copper buttons
Cuffs black narrow slit cuffs (en botte), each with 3 copper buttons arranged horizontally and 2 small copper buttons and 2 white laced buttonholes arranged vertically
Turnbacks white
Waistcoat red with black lapels lined white with 12 copper buttons down to the waist
Breeches white
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white as per Taccoli
Waistbelt white as per Taccoli
Cartridge Box probably natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard black as per Taccoli
Scabbard n/a


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

no information available yet

Musicians

Drummers wore uniforms similar to those of the privates but with laces on the cuffs and arms of the coat.

Colours

Colonel colour: white field with a white cross; centre device consisting of a golden Irish harp surmounted by a golden crown with the motto In Hoc Signo Vinces; 1 gold crown in each corner.
Ordonnance colours: red and black opposed cantons with a red cross bordered white; centre device consisting of a golden Irish harp surmounted by a golden crown with the motto In Hoc Signo Vinces; 1 gold crown in each canton.
Colonel Colour - Source: PMPdeL
Ordonnance Colour - Source: PMPdeL

References

Évrard, P.: Praetiriti Fides

Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé (a website who has unfortunately disappeared from the web)

Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, pp. 209

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Service historique de l'armée de terre: Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757

Taccoli, Alfonso: Teatro Militare dell' Europa, Part 1, vol. 2; Madrid, March 1760

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.