Origin and History
This Irish regiment was raised on June 18 1690 from Irish soldiers who had followed James II to France.
During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment served in Flanders from 1745 to 1748.
The regiment counted only 1 battalion.
When the French infantry was reorganised in 1762, the regiment incorporated the disbanded Lally Infanterie on December 21.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 94th and was under the command of:
- since April 1744: Dillon
In 1775, the regiment was incorporated into Bulkeley Infanterie.
Service during the War
By August 1 1757, the regiment was garrisoning Saint-Valérie in Picardie.
By May 23 1760, the regiment was part of the first line of the infantry centre of Broglie's Army. By December 30, the regiment had taken its winter-quarters in Marburg.
N.B.: as per Pajol, the regiment was sent to India in 1757 and, on January 15 1761, became prisoners of war and was brought back to France. Pajol might have confused this regiment with Lally Infanterie who did serve in India and was later incorporated into Dillon Infanterie.
To do: details of the campaigns of 1761 and 1762.
|Coat||red lined white with 12 copper buttons down to the pockets and 1 copper button on each side at the small of the back
|Waistcoat||red with black lapels lined white with 12 copper buttons down to the waist|
Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.
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Drummers wore uniforms similar to those of the privates but with laces on the cuffs and arms of the coat.
- Colonel colour: white field with a white cross; centre device consisting of a golden Irish harp surmounted by a golden crown with the motto In Hoc Signo Vinces; 1 gold crown in each corner.
- Ordonnance colours: red and black opposed cantons with a red cross bordered white; centre device consisting of a golden Irish harp surmounted by a golden crown with the motto In Hoc Signo Vinces; 1 gold crown in each canton.
Évrard, P.: Praetiriti Fides
Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle
Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé (a website who has unfortunately disappeared from the web)
Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris 1882
Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, pp. 209
Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006
Service historique de l'armée de terre: Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757
Taccoli, Alfonso: Teatro Militare dell' Europa, Part 1, vol. 2; Madrid, March 1760
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.