Origin and History
The Finnish Vyborg regiment was created in 1620, becoming and Indelta in 1696.
During the Great Northern War was transferred to Livland and the Wellingk's Corps, 1700. In the Riga garrison and captured there in 1710. raised again and belonged to the Army of Finland thereafter. With Armfeldt against Trondhjem, 1718.
In 1721, after the peace with Russia and the annexation of part of the region by this power, the regiment was reduced to a single battalion of 569 men.
In 1744, after the annexation of additional territories by Russia, the unit was reduced to a single company of 92 men.
Service during the War
During the Seven Years' War, this unit did not take part to the Swedish operations in Pomerania and remained in Finland.
In 1756, the remains of this regiment were incorporated into Nylands Infantry as two understrength companies of 46 men each.
|Coat||dark blue with 10 tin buttons down the front with yellow trimmed buttonholes and 2 tin buttons at small of the back
|Gaiters||white stocking with brown leather strap at knee|
Troopers were armed with a sword and a musket. The bayonet was permanently fixed to the musket.
Schirmer as well as Pengel and Hurt mention white trimmed buttonholes.
NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:
- a silver lace on the tricorne
- brass buttons (smaller than those of officers)
NCOs carried halberds but no cane.
Officers wore a blue uniform (coat) with blue distinctives (collar, cuffs, turnbacks). They were further distinguished from privates by:
- a gold lace on the tricorne
- no turnbacks on the coat
- a silver gorget
- brass buttons
- blue or black breeches (breeches of the same colour as those of the privates were also worn)
N.B.: contrarily to the custom in other armies, Swedish officers did not wear any sash
Horses were equipped with blue housing with a yellow border.
Musicians usually wore a yellow coat with white swallow nests on the shoulders.
The drums were brass with provincial coats of arms embossed on the front. The rims were blue with yellow edging.
The pikes used as staffs to carry the colours were always yellow. The Kompanifana had steel finials. The colours measured 2.12 x 1.70 m. (1.81 x 1.33 m. as per Clifford).
Liffana (colonel flag): this unit had no such colour.
Kompanifana (ordonnance flag): We did not find any information about the colour carried by this company. It was probably similar to the Kompanifana of the former Vyborg regiment: red field with a centre design consisting of an armoured arm waving a sword, surmounted by a golden crown and surrounded by a green laurel wreath.
Großer Generalstab, Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen - Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 6 Leuthen, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher), Berlin 1904, pp.92-107, Annex pp. 11-16
Höglund, Lars-Eric and Ake Sallnäs: The Great Northern War 1700-1721, Colours and Uniforms, Acedia Press, Karlstadt, 2000
Pengel, R. D. and G. R. Hurt; Swedish Army in Pomerania – 1757-1763, Birmingham, 1983
Schirmer, Friedrich, Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, vol. III, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989, pp. 25-38
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.