Elimas Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Swedish Army >> Elimas Infantry

Origin and History

The Finnish Vyborg regiment was created in 1620.

In 1721, after the peace with Russia and the annexation of part of the region by this power, the regiment was reduced to a single battalion of 569 men.

In 1744, after the annexation of additional territories by Russia, the unit was reduced to a single company of 92 men.

Service during the War

During the Seven Years' War, this unit did not take part to the Swedish operations in Pomerania and remained in Finland.

In 1756, the remains of this regiment were incorporated into Nylands Infantry as two understrength companies of 46 men each.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1756 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with a tin button on the left side
Grenadier Prussian style mitre with a blue bag (because of the great similarity of the Prussian and Swedish grenadiers, in the field the mitre was covered with a black wax cloth)
Neckstock black
Coat dark blue with 10 tin buttons down the front with yellow trimmed buttonholes and 2 tin buttons at small of the back
Collar saffron yellow
Shoulder Straps on the left shoulder with one tin button
Lapels none
Pockets on each side with 3 tin buttons each
Cuffs saffron yellow
Turnbacks saffron yellow
Waistcoat yellow
Breeches yellow
Gaiters white stocking with brown leather strap at knee
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt broad white leather shoulder-strap
Waistbelt white with brass buckle
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard none
Scabbard black with brass fittings
Footgear black shoes with brass buckles


Troopers were armed with a sword and a musket. The bayonet was permanently fixed to the musket.

Other interpretations

Schirmer as well as Pengel and Hurt mention white trimmed buttonholes.

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • a silver lace on the tricorne
  • brass buttons (smaller than those of officers)

NCOs carried halberds but no cane.

Officers

Officers wore a blue uniform (coat) with blue distinctives (collar, cuffs, turnbacks). They were further distinguished from privates by:

  • a gold lace on the tricorne
  • no turnbacks on the coat
  • a silver gorget
  • brass buttons
  • blue or black breeches (breeches of the same colour as those of the privates were also worn)

N.B.: contrarily to the custom in other armies, Swedish officers did not wear any sash

Horses were equipped with blue housing with a yellow border.

Musicians

Musicians usually wore a yellow coat with white swallow nests on the shoulders.

The drums were brass with provincial coats of arms embossed on the front. The rims were blue with yellow edging.

Colours

The pikes used as staffs to carry the colours were always yellow. The Kompanifana had steel finials. The colours measured 2.12 x 1.70 m. (1.81 x 1.33 m. as per Clifford).

Liffana (colonel flag): this unit had no such colour.

Kompanifana (ordonnance flag): We did not find any information about the colour carried by this company. It was probably similar to the Kompanifana of the former Vyborg regiment: red field with a centre design consisting of an armoured arm waving a sword, surmounted by a golden crown and surrounded by a green laurel wreath.

Tentative reconstruction of the Kompanifana - Source: rf-figuren from a template by Hannoverdidi

References

Großer Generalstab, Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen - Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 6 Leuthen, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher), Berlin 1904, pp.92-107, Annex pp. 11-16

Pengel, R. D. and G. R. Hurt; Swedish Army in Pomerania – 1757-1763, Birmingham, 1983

Schirmer, Friedrich, Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, vol. III, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989, pp. 25-38

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.