Eptingen Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Eptingen Infanterie

Origin and History

This Swiss regiment was raised on February 25 1758 after an agreement between the King of France and the Prince-Bishop of Basel. It mostly recruited in the Sundgau and Sisgau, in the country of Delle and Porentruy, and in the districts neighbouring Basel and Geneva. Most of the officers were Alsatian gentlemen.

The regiment counted two battalions.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • from March 1 1758: Baron d'Eptingen

Service during the War

At the beginning of 1759, the regiment joined the French army operating in Western Germany. On April 13, the regiment did not take part in the Battle of Bergen, being left behind as garrison in Frankfurt. By June, it garrisoned Hanau.

By the end of January 1760, the regiment had taken its winter-quarters in the first line of the French army. By mid March, the regiment was billeted in Oberursel, still in the first line. By May 23, it was attached to Diesbach's Brigade deployed of the right flank of Broglie's Army. On July 10, the regiment fought in the Combat of Corbach where it formed part of the leading brigade of the reinforcements personally led by Broglie (6 brigades), arriving piecemeal on the scene. By December 30, the regiment had taken its winter-quarters in Hirschfeld.

By April 15 1761, the regiment was attached to the Army of the Upper Rhine and formed part of Gantès's troops occupying Friedberg, Butzbach and Assenheim.

For the campaign of 1762, the regiment was attached once more to the Army of the Upper Rhine. On June 24, it took part in the Battle of Wilhelmsthal where it was attached to Stainville's Corps. Along with Waldner Infanterie, it was thrown against the Highlanders who were debouching from the woods near Wilhelmsthal, and drove them back. By July 12, still part of Stainville's Corps, the regiment was posted at Kassel. On September 21, it fought in the Combat of Amöneburg. At the end of November, it returned to France.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: rf-figuren
Uniform Details in 1758 completed where necessary with details taken from Taccoli's illustration
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced silver with a white cockade
Grenadier black tricorne laced silver

towards 1759, bearskins became increasingly common among grenadiers of the French Army

Neck stock black
Coat red lined yellow with 2 white buttons and 2 white laced buttonholes on each side under the lapels
Collar yellow
Shoulder Straps no information available
Lapels yellow, each with 6 white buttons and 5 white laced buttonholes
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 white buttons and 3 white laced buttonholes
Cuffs yellow, each with 3 white buttons and 3 white laced buttonholes
Turnbacks yellow
Waistcoat yellow edged white with one row of yellow button and, on each side, white laced buttonholes; horizontal pockets with white buttons and white laced buttonholes
Breeches red
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather (white as per Taccoli)
Waistbelt natural leather (white as per Taccoli)
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard brown
Scabbard n/a (none as per Taccoli)


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

N.B.: the distinctive colour seems to have changed to blue in 1761 or 1762.

Officers

n/a

Musicians

n/a

Colours

Colonel colour: white field with a white cross, carrying the arms of the Bishop of Basel surmounted by a scroll with the mention “REGt SUISSE d'Eptingen” and with a lower scroll carrying the motto “Pro rege et patria”. Golden fleurs de lys sown across the entire flag.

Ordonnance colours: a white cross; each canton consisted of seven flames: red, yellow, black, red, black, yellow, red.

Colonel Colour - Source: PMPdeL
Ordonnance Colour - Source: PMPdeL

References

Chartrand, R.: Louis XV Army, vol. 3 – Foreign Infantry, Osprey

Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé (a website who has unfortunately disappeared from the web)

Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris, 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 203

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Service historique de l'armée de terre: Archives du génie, article 15, section 1, §5, pièce 23

Taccoli, Alfonso: Teatro Militare dell' Europa, Part 1, vol. 2; Madrid, March 1760

Vial, J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgements

User:Fabriziodavi for the information about the early uniform