Difference between revisions of "Espérance (74)"

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(Created page with "<small>Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> French Navy >> {{PAGENAME}}</small> ==Origin and History== Built by...")
 
(Added info from Clowes' work)
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==Origin and History==
 
==Origin and History==
Built by Levasseur in 1722 in Toulon. Launched in 1722.  
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The ship was Built by Levasseur in 1722 in Toulon and launched in 1722.  
  
Commanded by M Jubert de Bouville in 1755.
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During the Seven Years' War the ship was commanded by:
 +
*in 1755: Comte Jubert de Bouville  
  
The ship was sunk on November 15 1755.  
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The ship was sunk on November 15, 1755.  
 
==Service during the War==
 
==Service during the War==
In 1755, she took part to the expedition to reinforce Canada and more particularly Louisbourg. For this campaign, she was armed as a "flute", her armament being reduced to 24 guns. She transported the grenadier company and 3 other companies of Artois Infanterie and 3 companies of Bourgogne Infanterie.  
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In 1755, the took part in the [[1755 - French reinforcement of Canada|expedition to reinforce Canada]] and more particularly Louisbourg. For this campaign, she was armed as a "flute", her armament being reduced to only 24 guns. She transported the grenadier company and three other companies of [[Artois Infanterie]] and three companies of [[Bourgogne Infanterie]]. After disembarking the troops, the ship sailed back to France. On November 13, she fell in with [[Byng, John|Byng]]'s fleet which had sailed from Spithead a month before. The Oxford (64) was ordered to chase, and soon began a close action, in which the [[Revenge (64)]] presently joined. The Espérance made a stout resistance and did not strike until the squadron began to draw up, after a three hours fight. She was an old ship and had been so severely handled that, considering the badness of the weather, it was judged useless to keep her afloat. She had lost 90 killed and wounded out of a total of 300. Her surviving people were, therefore, taken out of her, and she was set on fire. This was on November 15, when it was first possible to send a boat on board her, although she had been making signals of distress ever since her capture on November 13.
  
After disembarking the troops, the ship sailed back to France but was intercepted on November 11 by 4 British ships. After a 3 hours fight, she surrendered. However, she was too crippled after this fierce fight and sank on November 15.
 
 
==Characteristics==
 
==Characteristics==
  
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==References==
 
==References==
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Clowes, Wm. Laird, ''The Royal Navy – A History from the Earliest Time to the Present'', Vol. III, Sampson Low, Marston and Company, London: 1898, p. 289
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Deschênes, Ronald, [http://agh.qc.ca/articles/?id=20 Répertoire des vaisseaux de ligne français 1682-1780]
 
Deschênes, Ronald, [http://agh.qc.ca/articles/?id=20 Répertoire des vaisseaux de ligne français 1682-1780]
  

Revision as of 06:51, 7 April 2019

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> French Navy >> Espérance (74)

Origin and History

The ship was Built by Levasseur in 1722 in Toulon and launched in 1722.

During the Seven Years' War the ship was commanded by:

  • in 1755: Comte Jubert de Bouville

The ship was sunk on November 15, 1755.

Service during the War

In 1755, the took part in the expedition to reinforce Canada and more particularly Louisbourg. For this campaign, she was armed as a "flute", her armament being reduced to only 24 guns. She transported the grenadier company and three other companies of Artois Infanterie and three companies of Bourgogne Infanterie. After disembarking the troops, the ship sailed back to France. On November 13, she fell in with Byng's fleet which had sailed from Spithead a month before. The Oxford (64) was ordered to chase, and soon began a close action, in which the Revenge (64) presently joined. The Espérance made a stout resistance and did not strike until the squadron began to draw up, after a three hours fight. She was an old ship and had been so severely handled that, considering the badness of the weather, it was judged useless to keep her afloat. She had lost 90 killed and wounded out of a total of 300. Her surviving people were, therefore, taken out of her, and she was set on fire. This was on November 15, when it was first possible to send a boat on board her, although she had been making signals of distress ever since her capture on November 13.

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 74
1st deck 26 x 36-pdrs
2nd deck 28 x 18-pdrs
3rd deck 16 x 8-pdrs and 4 x 4-pdrs
Crew n/a
Length 152 feet (46,33 m)
Width 43,4 feet (13,23 m)
Depth 18 feet (5,49 m)
Displacement 1400 tons

References

Clowes, Wm. Laird, The Royal Navy – A History from the Earliest Time to the Present, Vol. III, Sampson Low, Marston and Company, London: 1898, p. 289

Deschênes, Ronald, Répertoire des vaisseaux de ligne français 1682-1780

Vial J. L., Nec Pluribus Impar