Extremadura Cavalry

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Origin and History

The unit was created in the Province of Extremadura on February 2 1659 by Captain Don Antonio de Issasi under the name of “Extremadura.” It initially counted 20 companies.

In 1659, the unit joined the Army of Extremadura in the war against Portugal and took part in the relief of Elvas. In 1661, it participated in the siege and capture of Ongelha, and in the burning of Veyros and Alconchel; in 1662, in the siege and capture of Jurumenha and in the capture of Crato and Ongelha; in 1663, in the siege of Evora and in the Battle of Estremoz; in 1664, in the siege and capture of Alcántara, in the siege of Castel-Rodrigo, in the surprise attack on Cabeza da Vide and in the dismantlement of the fortifications of Arronches; in 1665, in the defeat of Montesclaros, in the siege of Nodar and in the burning of Veyros; in 1666, in the sieges and capture of Paimogo and San Lucar de Guadiana; in 1667, in an action at Albuquerque, In 1668, the unit returned to Spain.

In 1676, the unit was transferred to the Army of Navarra and returned to Extremadura in 1680.

In 1689, during the Nine Years' War (1688–97), the unit joined the Army of Catalonia. In 1691, it took part in the defence of Seo de Urgel, Castellciutat and Barcelona; in 1692, in the engagement at the Pass of Portell and in the invasion of Roussillon; in 1694, in the defeat of Torroella; in 1695, in the blockade of Hostalrich and in an engagement at the Pass of Formich; in 1696, in the combat of Riu de Arenas; and in 1697, in the unsuccessful defence of Barcelona.

In 1701, at the outbreak of the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–13), the unit was sent to Andalusia. In 1702, it took part in te defence of Cádiz against an amphibious expedition of the Allies; in 1704, in the campaign in Portugal, in the blockade of Arronches, in the sieges of Porto Alegre and Castelo de Vide, in the relief of the village of Guzman, in the burning of Ficalho, in the siege of Gibraltar. When the unit was reorganised as a regiment, it took the name of “Viejo de Extremadura.” In 1705, the regiment guarded the frontier of Extremadura and took part in the relief of Jeréz de los Caballeros. In 1707, it was at the sieges and capture of Serpa and Moura. It then took part in the blockade of Olivenza and in the siege and capture of Ciudad-Rodrigo. In 1708, it took part in the dismantlement of the fortifications of Serpa and Moura and in the capture of Barbacena; in 1709, in the Battle of La Gudiña, in the blockade of Olivenza and in the storming of the camp of Telena near the Tagus. In 1710, detachments of the regiment took part in raids in Portugal and in the capture of Carvajales and Puebla; while the rest of the regiment was at the attack of Balaguer. The entire regiment then fought in the battles of Saragossa and Villaviciosa. The regiment then rejoined the Army of Extremadura. In 1711, the regiment drove back the Portuguese from Zafra. In 1712, it took part in the siege of Campo-Major. In 1713, the regiment covered the frontier between Castile and Portugal. In 1714, it formed part of the force under the command of the Marquis de Toy who covered the siege of Barcelona.

In 1719, the regiment took part in the campaigns against France in Navarre and Catalonia.

In 1733, at the outbreak of the War of the Polish Succession (1733–35), the regiment was sent to Italy. In 1734, it took part in the Battle of Bitonto and in the blockade of Capua. In 1735, it garrisoned Naples.

In 1736, the regiment re-embarked for Spain where it joined the garrison of Barcelona. In 1738, it took up cantonments in Manresa.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • no information available yet

In 1763, the regiment was renamed “España Cavalry.”

Service during the War

In April 1762, the regiment joined the army assembling for the planned invasion of Portugal. It was deployed on the left wing of the first line. On October 7, the regiment took part in the surprise attack of the ford of Villabelha where it lost Lieutenant Don José Alderete. On October 31, it took up cantonment in Membrio and, on November 14, in Alcántara.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Ibrahim90
Uniform Details as per
the Album de Taccoli of 1759
Headgear black tricorne laced gold with a red cockade fastened with a yellow button
Neck stock white
Coat white with yellow buttons under the lapel on the right side, 1 yellow button on each side in the small of the back and small yellow buttons on each side to fasten the basques
Collar none
Shoulder straps yellow aiguillette on the right shoulder
Lapels red with yellow buttons
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 4 yellow buttons
Cuffs red, each with 4 small yellow buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat red with yellow buttons, horizontal pockets with yellow buttons
Breeches red
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt none
Waistbelt none
Cartridge Box n/a
Scabbard n/a
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth red laced with a wide golden braid decorated with a thin red braid
Housings red laced with a wide golden braid decorated with a thin red braid
Blanket roll n/a


Officers

no information available yet

Musicians

Musicians wore a uniform with reversed colours: red coat with white facings.

Standards

The standards were made of damask or silk, fringed and embroidered in gold. They had red cravats with gold tassels.

Obverse: red field, centre device consisting of the Royal Spanish Arms surrounded by the necklace of the Order of the Golden Fleece; all embroideries in gold.

Reverse: red field, centre device consisting of the regimental emblem, a golden sun; all embroideries in gold.

Extremadura Cavalry Regimental Standard – Source: Richard Couture and Volker Scholz from a template by Gilbert Noury

References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XIV, Madrid, 1851-62, pp. 413-426

Other sources

Album de Taccoli, 1759

Fernández Mateos, Francisco P.: Regimiento "Numancia", 9º de Caballería

Acknowledgment

Juan José Torres and the Asociación Cultural de Modelismo Histórico Alabarda for the information and counselling provided for this article.

Volker Scholz for the information on standards.